Islamic Amal (in Arabic أمل الإسلامية) was a Lebanese Shia military movement based in Baalbek in the Beqaa Valley, Islamic Amal was led by Husayn Al-Musawi, who was also a leading figure in Hezbollah.
The movement got its start in June 1982 when Nabih Berri, the head of Amal, agreed to participate in the Salvation Committee, a body set up by President Elias Sarkis following the Israeli invasion. The committee included Bachir Gemayel, the Maronite commander of the Lebanese Forces.
Musawi considered Berri's actions "treasonous" and Amal's orientation too secular. In response, Musawi broke from Amal and set up his own faction, which observers believed was organized primarily along family lines.
Islamic Amal was backed by officials in the Iranian government, and it coordinated with units of Iran's (Pasdaran) Revolutionary Guards stationed around Baalbek. Even so, in 1986, when Iranian officials pressured Musawi to dissolve his organization, he refused.
He agreed, however, to remain part of Hezbollah, and he reportedly served as a member of its Consultative Council.
Press reports linked Islamic Amal, like Hezbollah, to anti-Western violence in Lebanon. Although Musawi's rhetoric was vehemently anti-Western, as of late 1987 he had not claimed any violence in the name of Islamic Amal.
- Harfoush, Mohammad (18 February 2013). "Hezbollah, Part 1: Origins and Challenges". Al Monitor. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
- Library of Congress. Islamic Amal. Country Studies. Retrieved 15 May 2008.