Association of the Women of the Islamic Republic

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The Association of the Women of the Islamic Republic (Persian: جمعیت زنان جمهوری اسلامی‎‎, Jam’iat-e Zanan-e Jomhouri-e Islami) is an Iranian reformist political party. It was the first officially registered party of the Islamic Republic of Iran.[1]

Its stated goal is introducing "genuine Islamic culture", supporting "the rights of the oppressed", and facing "out superpowers' imperial culture, racism and zionism," along with enhancing women's "scientific, intellectual and cultural capabilities", women's rights, "increased women's participation".[2] It has been described as "promoting" the Islamic Republic "through sponsoring candidates for the Majlis and participated in international conferences".[3] The society is also known as the Women's Association of the Islamic Republic[4] and the Society of the Women of the Islamic Republic of Iran.[3]

The secretary general of the society has been Zahra Mostafavi, a daughter of Ayatollah Khomeini, the founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran.[1] Nida, is the official quarterly organ of the society.[2]

History and profile[edit]

The party was established 1987.[1] In December 1987 it established a committee to combat "bad hejab" (i.e. insufficiently modest covering of women's hair and heads), holding a rally of `Vanguards of Chastity` (tali'eh-daran-e `efaf) and setting up subcommittees to conduct research on "Western cultural penetration" and "ways to counter Western cultural banality."[4]

The party supported Mohammad Khatami in the 1997 and 2001 presidential elections.[1] Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani was supported by the party in the 2005 elections.[1] Mir-Hossein Mousavi enyoyed the support of the party in the 2009 elections.[1] The party’s main objective was to improve women’s rights in Iran and various international conferences for this aim were organized by the group.[1]

Notable members besides Zahra Mostafavi include Fatemeh Karroubi, wife of Mehdi Karroubi; Marzie Hadidchi (Dabbagh), the "only woman to be a commander in the Corps of the Revolutionary Guards"; and Zahra Rahnavard, the former president of Alzahra University (and wife of Mir Hossein Mousavi).[1]

The Iranian Data Portal describes its original "main goal" as improving "women’s rights in connection with inheritance, family, employment, and divorce, and to defend the presence and activity of women in the public sphere".[1]

Members of Parliament[edit]

In the different elections to Iran's Parliamentary (Islamic Consultative Assembly) since 1984, the Association has won as few as 0 seats (in 2008 and 2012) and as many as 4 (in 1996).

Years Seats +/–
1987–88
3 / 270 (1%)
Steady
1988–92
3 / 270 (1%)
Steady
1992–96
1 / 270 (0.4%)
Decrease 2
1996–00
4 / 270 (1%)
Increase 3
2000–04
3 / 290 (1%)
Decrease 1
2004–08
1 / 290 (0.3%)
Decrease 2
2008–12
0 / 290 (0%)
Decrease 1
2012–16
0 / 290 (0%)
Steady
2016–
2 / 290 (0.7%)
Increase 2

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "The Association of the Women of the Islamic Republic". Princeton University. Retrieved 7 December 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Official website Accessed August 27, 2009
  3. ^ a b Women in Iran: Gender politics in the Islamic republic By Hammed Shahidian Accessed August 23, 2009
  4. ^ a b Women and politics in the Third World By Haleh Afshar Accessed August 23, 2009