Islamic Iran Participation Front

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Islamic Iran Participation Front
جبهه مشارکت ایران اسلامی
General Secretary Mohsen Mirdamadi
Spokesperson Hossein Kashefi
Founded December 5, 1998; 19 years ago (1998-12-05)[1]
Legalised February 19, 1999; 18 years ago (1999-02-19)[2]
Succeeded by Union of Islamic Iran People Party[3]
Headquarters Tehran, Iran
Newspaper Mosharekat (Official)
Unofficial:
Eqbal
Sobh-e Emrooz
Jame'e
Toos
Neshat
Khordad
Ideology Catch-all[4]
Reformism
Islamic democracy[5]
Islamic liberalism[5]
Religion Islam
National affiliation Council for coordinating the Reforms Front
Continental affiliation International Conference of Asian Political Parties (ICAPP)[6]
Slogan Iran for all Iranians

The Islamic Iran Participation Front (Persian: جبهه مشارکت ایران اسلامی‎; Jebheye Mosharekate Iran-e Eslaami) is a reformist political party in Iran. It is sometimes described as the most dominant member within the 2nd of Khordad Front.[7]

According to Muhammad Sahimi, it is "the largest political party in Iran, with thousands of members, tens of thousands of activists and sympathizers, and offices in most cities and towns. It has a serious platform and program for running the country".[8]

The party took 189 of the 290 seats (65%) in the Sixth Majles.[9]

History and profile[edit]

Founded in late 1998,[10] the main motto of the IIPF is "Iran for all Iranians" (Persian: ایران برای همه ایرانیان‎).[5] While still backing Islam, the state religion of Iran, the party is among the evangelizers of democracy in Iran. Some members of the front however belong to different factions and ideologies, as described by Saeed Hajjarian it is "the party of between the two Abbas" (Persian: حزب بین‌العباسین‎, referring to the gap between right-winger Abbas Duzduzani and left-winger Abbas Abdi).[11]

It was led by former Secretary-General of the party, Mohammad Reza Khatami (the brother of Mohammad Khatami, the fifth President of Iran) before the election of Mohsen Mirdamadi as new Secretary-General in 9th congress.

In 2004, Mohammad Reza Khatami, along with other prominent members such as Elaheh Koulaei, Mohsen Mirdamadi, and Ali Shakouri-Rad were barred from standing in the parliament elections by the Council of Guardians.

In spring of 2005, this party supported Mostafa Moin in the presidential election together with its unofficial daily Eqbal which was disestablished in July 2005.[5]

The decision center of the party is the Central Council, which has thirty members. Some of the members are:[4]

Ban[edit]

Following 2009 post-poll protests, the government suspended the party along with the Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution of Iran Organization in April 2010.[12] A few weeks later in March, Iranian Judiciary banned the party and closed down its office when it had scheduled to hold its annual meeting. The party called the action "an illegal act".[13] In October, the party declared that Branch 27 of Tehran General Court overturned the decision of the Ministry of Interior's Article 10 Commission, responsible for licensing political parties in Iran.[14] On 27 September 2010, prosecutor-general told press that the party is dissolved and not allowed to have any activities. The party announced it had received no notification of any such court verdict and thus could not be enforced, calling for a chance to appeal.[15] In November 2011, the interior ministry declared that the party is unable to run for parliament seats in the 2012 elections because its license is revoked.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mohammad Ali Zandi. "Islamic Iran Participation Front" (in Persian). Baqir al-Ulum Research Center. Retrieved 21 August 2015. 
  2. ^ "List of Legally Registered Parties in Iran". Khorasan Newspaper. Pars Times. July 30, 2000. p. 4. Retrieved 21 August 2015. 
  3. ^ "How Iran's beleaguered reformist party has been reincarnated once again". Tehran Bureau. The Guardian. 7 October 2015. Retrieved 4 August 2016. 
  4. ^ a b Mohammadighalehtaki, Ariabarzan (2012). Organisational Change in Political Parties in Iran after the Islamic Revolution of 1979. With Special Reference to the Islamic Republic Party (IRP) and the Islamic Iran Participation Front Party (Mosharekat) (Ph.D. thesis). Durham University. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Islamic Iran Participation Front" (PDF). Iran Data Portal. 2009. Retrieved 13 October 2013. 
  6. ^ "The 4 th General Assembly of the International Conference of Asian Political parties: List of Participating Political Parties and Observers" (PDF), International Conference of Asian Political Parties, 7 September 2006, retrieved 4 April 2017 
  7. ^ 1/9/2001 2nd Khordad Front must ponder over every aspect of their actions: daily Net Native
  8. ^ Muhammad Sahimi (12 May 2009). "The Political Groups". Tehran Bureau. Retrieved 21 August 2015. 
  9. ^ Valentine M. Moghadam, Fatemeh Haghighatjoo (March 2016). "Women and Political Leadership in an Authoritarian Context: A Case Study of the Sixth Parliament in the Islamic Republic of Iran" (PDF). Politics & Gender. The Women and Politics Research Section of the American Political Science Association. 12 (1): 168–197. doi:10.1017/S1743923X15000598. 
  10. ^ "Jebheh-ye Mosharekat-e Iran-e Islami" (PDF). Syracuse University. Retrieved 10 May 2016. 
  11. ^ http://www.aftabir.com/articles/view/politics/iran/c1c1180452388_iran_p1.php/%D8%A7%D8%B5%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%AD-%D8%B7%D9%84%D8%A8-%DA%A9%DB%8C%D8%B3%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D8%B5%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%AD-%D8%B7%D9%84%D8%A8%DB%8C-%DA%86%DB%8C%D8%B3%D8%AA
  12. ^ Robert F. Worth (19 April 2010), "Iran Mutes A Chorus of Voices for Reform", The New York Times, retrieved 21 June 2017 
  13. ^ "Iran Said To Ban Activities Of Largest Reformist Party", Reuters, 15 March 2010, retrieved 21 June 2017 – via Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty 
  14. ^ Arash Bahmani (8 October 2010), "Court Denies Mosharekat Party's Dissolution", RoozOnline, retrieved 21 June 2017 
  15. ^ Michael Theodoulou (29 September 2010), "Iran bans two leading reformist political parties", The National, retrieved 21 June 2017 
  16. ^ Najah Mohammad Ali (4 November 2011), "Iran bans three reformist parties from participating in upcoming polls", Al Arabiya, retrieved 21 June 2017