Iranian Islamic Republic Day

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First page of Ettela'at news paper on 1 April 1979

Iranian Islamic Republic Day (Persian: روز جمهوری اسلامی‎) is Farvardin 12 that known as Ruz e Jomhuri ye Eslāmi.[1] This day is a national[2] and a public holiday in Iran.[3][4][5] On Iranian Solar Hijri calendar, this day is registered as the anniversary of the 1979 establishment of the Islamic Republic and celebrated by people.[6] Two months after victory of the Islamic Revolution on 1979, the new government held the Iranian Islamic Republic referendum on the 10th and 11th of Farvadin (30th and 31 March) for changing the Pahlavi dynasty with an Islamic Republic. On 12 Farvadin, the referendum results were announced, with 98.2 percent of the Iranians voting for an Islamic Republic.[7][2][8]

Before the referendum, some political groups suggested various name for the ideology of the revolution, such as a Republic (without Islam) or democratic republic. But Ruhollah Khomeini, the founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran, asked the people to vote for an the Islamic Republic, not a word more and not one less word.[8][9]

12 Farvardin is a book about events of Islamic Republic Day by Saeed Zahedi. Also other books were published about this day.[10]

12 Farvardin is also the day of the Martyrdom of Imam Ali al-Najqi al-Hadī.[11]

The day usually falls on April 1, however, as it is determined by the vernal equinox, the date can change if the equinox does not fall on March 21. In 2016, it was on March 31,[12] and in 2017 the date was back to April 1.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Geospatial-intelligence Agency (1 January 2005). Prostar Sailing Directions 2005 South Atlantic Ocean and Indian Ocean Planning Guides. ProStar Publications. p. 156. ISBN 978-1-57785-752-5.
  2. ^ a b "Iran Islamic Republic Day". AnnivHol-2000. p. 55. Retrieved 1 March 2016.
  3. ^ Vijeya Rajendra; Gisela T. Kaplan; Rudi Rajendra (1 May 2003). Iran. Marshall Cavendish. p. 137. ISBN 978-0-7614-1665-4.
  4. ^ Central Intelligence Agency (24 November 2015). The CIA World Factbook 2016. Skyhorse Publishing Company, Incorporated. p. 2382. ISBN 978-1-5107-0089-5.
  5. ^ Lauren Spencer (2004). Iran: A Primary Source Cultural Guide. The Rosen Publishing Group. p. 62. ISBN 978-0-8239-4000-4.
  6. ^ "Iran's Annual Celebration of the Islamic Republic Day". www.aglobalworld.com. Holidays Around the World. Retrieved 1 March 2016.
  7. ^ Ibrahim Moussawi. Shi‘ism and the Democratisation Process in Iran: With a focus on Wilayat al-Faqih. pp. Chapter Six.
  8. ^ a b "The first election held after the revolution / day when the government took the poor". Fars News Agency. 1 April 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2016.
  9. ^ "Islamic Republic Day". Islamic Revolution Document Center. Retrieved 1 March 2016.
  10. ^ "Bibliography 1 April 1979; Day of Islamic Republic of Iran". Iran's Book News Agency. 31 March 2009. Retrieved 1 March 2016.
  11. ^ "Calendar of the Islamic Republic of Iran". Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  12. ^ https://www.vercalendario.info/en/calendars/persian-calendar/compare-1395.html
  13. ^ http://calendar.zoznam.sk/persian_calendar-en.php