Islamic Republican Party
|Historical leader||Ruhollah Khomeini|
|Founded||February 17, 1979|
|Dissolved||June 1, 1987|
|Paramilitary wing||Revolutionary Guards|
|Worker wing||Workers' House|
|Membership (1979)||2,500,000 claimed|
|Political position||Right-wing to Left-wing|
|National affiliation||Grand Coalition|
|Slogan||One nation, one religion, one order, one leader|
The Islamic Republican Party (IRP; Persian: حزب جمهوری اسلامی, translit. Ḥezb-e Jomhūrī-e Eslāmī, also translated Islamic Republic Party) formed in mid-1979 to assist the Iranian Revolution and Ayatollah Khomeini establish theocracy in Iran. It was disbanded in May 1987 due to internal conflicts.
Founders and characteristics
The party was formed just two weeks following the revolution upon the request of Ayatollah Khomeini. Five cofounders of the party were Mohammad Javad Bahonar, Mohammad Beheshti, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, Ali Khamenei, and Abdolkarim Mousavi-Ardabili. Early members of the central committee of the party, in addition to founding members, were Hassan Ayat, Asadollah Badamchiyan, Abdullah Jasbi, Mir Hossein Mousavi, Habibollah Askar Oladi, Sayyed Mahmoud Kashani, Mahdi Araghi and Ali Derakhshan. The party had three general secretaries: Beheshti, Bahonar and Khamenei.
The party has been said to be distinguished by "its strong clerical component, its loyalty to Khomeini, its strong animosity to the liberal political movements, and its tendency to support the revolutionary organizations," such as the komiteh. Policies it supported included the state takeover of large capital enterprises, the establishment of an Islamic cultural and university system, and programs to assist the poor.
These revolutionary ayatollahs originally used the party to form a monopoly over the post-revolutionary theocratic Iranian state. In its struggle with civilian opponents the party made use of its ties to the Revolutionary Guards and Hezbollah.
|Mohammad Javad Bahonar||1981|||
Causes of its dissolution
In the late 1980s, factionalism in the IRP intensified, the major issues being the Iran-Iraq War, whether to open up to foreign countries or remain isolated, and economic policies. Because all rival parties had been banned, the party "did almost nothing and had little incentive to."
According to Ahmad Mneisi,
"While unanimous on the idea of a theological state and united under the umbrella of one party, the Islamic Republican Party (IRP), [the religious right] differed on a number of issues, such as the extent to which religion is to take hold of political life (the Velayat-e Faqih debate).
Daniel Brumberg argued that it was in response to the dispute between president Ali Khamenei and popular prime Minister Mir-Hossein Mousavi, that the IRP was dissolved - the Islamic Republican Party served "as a stronghold of radical activism," supporting Mousavi. However, another report states that it was dissolved in May 1987 due to internal conflicts. And the party was disbanded upon joint proposal of Rafsanjani and then party leader Khameini on 2 May 1987 when their proposal was endorsed by Ayatollah Khomeini.
Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani and republican party
Hashemi refers to the point that the Islamic Republican Party established in the early years of revolution in Iran. Rouhollah Khomeini, at first step, was disagree with establishment of Party because he known the establishment of party as something gradually. But After consultation of Hashemi with Khomeini, the opinion of Rouhollah has changed. There were many negotiations and consultations on the instructions of Party .somebodies like Yadollah sahabi and Habib Allah Peyman were to communicate but after a while there were no communication with them. Although Murtaza Mutahhari had not any disagreement to establishing party but at the same time he hadn’t any communication with party. In fact, the idea of establishment of republic party was necessary in order to give the Mullahs an organization and political collection. The party has established formally in sixth of Isfand month in 1357 solar namely two weeks after the victory of Islamic revolution. The members of republic party even determined their members in Kanoon Touhid in early days. The financial expenses of party originated from the voluntary aids of people. At first, religious scholars or Mullahs took part in the republic party.In early days there were no financial problem but after a while the problem appeared. Rouhollah tried to give financial aid to republic party with giving money. The members primarily chose from revolutionary individuals and believed persons.
The following organizations formed an alliance with the party:
- Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution Organization
- Islamic Coalition Party
- Combatant Clergy Association
- Worker House
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