Islamic Socialist Party
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The Islamic Socialist Party is a Sudanese political party. It was first founded in March 1949 under the name of Islamic Liberation Front حركة التحرير الاسلامي by Babiker Karrar, then a student of law at the University of Khartoum. The party spread amongst University of Khartoum and secondary school students. It was a revivalist Islamic movement with a tendency of locality and nationality.
In 1951, the front's candidates won the elections to the leadership of the University of Kartoum Student Union (KUSU). It also headed the political leadership of some secondary schools' students' unions.
Following the 1953 agreement of the Sudanese political parties for self-determination in Cairo, the front's name was changed to Gama'a Islamyia. The newly formed organization published its constitution and manifesto which was expounding the main principles of the former Islamic Liberation Movement. It was essentially anti-imperialist, anti-capitalist and socialist. The manifesto was titled "Al-Gama'a Al-Islamya Daw'a wa Minhag" (The Gama'a Islamyia: A call a and a program). The movement directed its efforts and struggle towards the trade unions of workers and farmers, students and intellectuals in Sudan.
In 1956, after the tripartite invasion of Egypt by Britain, France and Israel which led to the wide Arab support for Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser, the group acquired an extra dimension and emphasis on Arab unity and liberation under the title of the Islamic Socialist Party.