Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – Khorasan Province

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Khorasan Province
ولاية خراسان (Wilayah Khurasan)
Participant in the War in North-West Pakistan and the War in Afghanistan
AQMI Flag asymmetric.svg
The Black Standard of ISIL.
Active 26 January 2015[1]–present
Ideology Salafist Islamism
Salafist Jihadism
Leaders Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi (Leader of ISIL)
Hafiz Saeed Khan  (2015–July 2016)
Abdul Haseeb Logari [2][3] (2016–April 2017)
Abdul Rahman Ghaleb [4][5] (April 2017–July 2017)
Abu Sayed Bajauri (July 2017-present)[6]
Area of operations Afghanistan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Kashmir.
Size

600–3,000[7] (November 2017)
3,500-4,000+ (In Afghanistan)[8] (2018)

10,000 (Russian claim)
Part of  Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
Merger of Defectors from Afghan and Pakistani Taliban and other factions who pledged allegiance to the Islamic State
Allies Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan
Jundallah (Pakistan)
Jamaat-ul-Ahrar (from August 2014 to March 2015)
Opponents

State opponents

Non-state opponents

Battles and wars

The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – Khorasan Province (Arabic: الدولة الإسلامية في العراق والشام – ولاية خراسان‎, ad-Dawlah al-Islāmiyah fī 'l-ʿIrāq wa-sh-Shām – Wilayah Khorasan), or ISIL-KP,[12] is a branch of the militant Islamist group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), active in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Some media sources also use ISK, ISISK, IS-KP, or ISIS-K in referring to the group. The Khorasan group's area of operations also includes other parts of South Asia,[13][14][15] such as India where individuals have pledged allegiance to it.[16][17]

ISIL announced the group's formation in January 2015 and appointed former Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan militant Hafiz Saeed Khan as its leader, with former Afghan Taliban commander Abdul Rauf Aliza appointed as deputy leader. Aliza was killed in a U.S. drone strike in February 2015,[18] while Khan was killed in a U.S. airstrike in July 2016.[19]

Background[edit]

Around September 2014, ISIL sent representatives to Pakistan to meet with local militants, including some Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) factions, following several months of discussions.[20] At the same time, leaflets, flags and propaganda materials in support of ISIL began being distributed in parts of Pakistan, including a pamphlet written in Pashto and Dari that called on all Muslims to swear allegiance to Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. The leaflets were believed to have been produced and distributed from across the border in Afghanistan.[21] In October 2014, former Taliban commander Abdul Rauf Khadim visited Iraq, later returning to Afghanistan where he recruited followers in Helmand and Farah provinces.[22] In the same month, 6 TTP commanders in Pakistan; Hafiz Khan Saeed, official spokesman Shahidullah Shahid, and the TTP commanders of Kurram and Khyber tribal regions and Peshawar and Hangu Districts, publicly defected from the TTP and pledged allegiance to Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.[23][24]

On 10 January 2015, these six individuals appeared in a video where they again pledged allegiance to al-Baghdadi and nominated Hafiz Saeed Khan as the leader of their group. They were joined by other mid-level militant commanders, including representatives from Afghanistan's Logar and Kunar Province and Pakistan's Lakki Marwat. Shahidullah Shahid claimed that other Jihadists from both countries supported the pledge of allegiance but had been unable to attend the meeting in person.[24][25]

History[edit]

On 26 January 2015, ISIL's official spokesman Abu Muhammad al-Adnani released an audio statement in which he accepted the earlier pledge of allegiance and announced the expansion of ISIL's caliphate with the creation of Wilayat Khorasan (Khurasan Province), a historical region incorporating parts of modern-day Afghanistan and Pakistan. Hafiz Khan Saeed was appointed as its local leader, or Wāli (Governor).[26][27] Abdul Rauf was named as Khan's deputy, however he was killed by a US drone strike in Afghanistan several weeks later.[28]

ISIL fighters in Afghanistan, with their commander, Abu Rashid in the middle, during a documentary by Al Jazeera and Euronews, inside their territory.

ISIL began actively recruiting defectors from the Taliban, particularly among those who were disgruntled with their leaders or lack of battlefield success. This prompted senior Taliban leader Akhtar Mansour to write a letter addressed to Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, asking for the recruitment in Afghanistan to stop and arguing that the war in Afghanistan should be under the Taliban leadership.[29] Nevertheless, fighting between the two groups broke out in Nangarhar Province, and by June 2015 ISIL had been able to seize territory in Afghanistan for the first time.[30] After successfully driving the Taliban out of several districts of Nangarhar after months of clashes, the group started carrying out their first attacks against Afghan forces in the province.[31] Khorasan Province also developed a presence in other provinces, including Helmand and Farah.[32] In late 2015, ISIL began broadcasting Pashto language radio in Nangarhar Province,[33] later adding content in Dari.[34]

The group was boosted in August 2015 when the Afghanistan-based militant group, the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU), pledged allegiance to ISIL and declared they were now members of Wilayah Khorasan.[35] Clashes broke out between the IMU and the Taliban in Zabul province following this pledge. The Taliban launched an offensive against the Uzbeks, causing heavy casualties and eliminating its presence in the province by the end of the year.[36][37] The Taliban also succeeded in dislodging ISIL from Farah province over the same period.[10]

The group suffered further reversals in 2016, losing control of much of its territory in Nangarhar province. It was driven out of Achin and Shinwar Districts following a military operation by Afghan Security Forces,[38] while clashes with the Taliban led to them being driven out of Batikot and Chaparhar districts.[10] Following the loosening of targeting restrictions by US Forces in Afghanistan earlier in the year, the US Air Force began conducting scores of air strikes against ISIL targets.[39] In April 2016 the Taliban reported that a number of senior and mid-level leaders of Wilayah Khorasan in Nangarhar Province had defected from ISIL and pledged allegiance to Taliban leader Akhtar Mansour. The defectors included members of the group's central council, judicial council, and prisoners council, as well as several field commanders and their fighters.[40]

Operations against ISIS – Khorasan Province[edit]

The following are major operations conducted against ISK by the forces of United States of America, Pakistan and Afghanistan.

MOAB Airstrike in Achin[edit]

On 13 April 2017, a GBU43/B MOAB was dropped in an airstrike on a cave complex in Achin District, Nangarhar Province, Afghanistan. It was the first use of the bomb on the battlefield.[41][42][43] The Afghan defence ministry reported it to have killed over 36 militants and destroyed the tunnel complex including a cache of weapons. No civilian casualties were reported.[44]

Combing operation in Lahore by Pakistan's forces[edit]

On 14 April 2017, Pakistan's security agencies, along with the local police raided a house in Lahore's Factory Area as part of their combing operation, which was approved by Pakistan's Chief of Army Staff Qamar Javed Bajwa in the aftermath of Mall Road bombing.[45] After an exchange of fire which killed one terrorist, three other suspects were arrested, one of them being Noreen Leghari, a student from Hyderabad, Pakistan who was claimed to be missing by her family 4 days prior to the raid.[46] On a confessional statement released by ISPR, Noreen confessed to joining ISIS through a terrorist she met on social media, She also told authorities that she was recruited by ISIS to attack a church in Lahore on the Easter Sunday, two suicide jackets, four hand grenades and bullets were provided to them.[47]

Joint raid by The US and Afghanistan in Nangarhar[edit]

On 26 April 2017, a joint raid operation committed by U.S. Army Rangers and Afghan Special Forces in the Nangarhar Province resulted in the death of Sheikh Abdul Hasib, the leader of the Islamic State in Afghanistan. Along with Hasib, a number of other top commanders of ISIL were killed, according to a statement by the U.S. Military. Two U.S. soldiers died during the operation, possibly due to friendly fire.[48]

Analysis[edit]

According to a UN report, up to 70 ISIL fighters arrived from Iraq and Syria to form the core of the group in Afghanistan.[22] Alongside foreign fighters from Pakistan and Uzbekistan, most of the group's membership growth has come from recruiting Afghan defectors from the Taliban.[30] US General Sean Swindell told the BBC that members of Khorasan Province are in contact with ISIL's central leadership in Syria, although the exact relationship between the two is unclear.[49]

While the group has managed to establish a foothold in Afghanistan, it has had less success in Pakistan, largely carrying out isolated, small scale attacks.[50]

Claimed and alleged attacks of ISIL-KP[edit]

Date Attack Location Notes Dead Injured


18 April 2015 Jalalabad suicide bombing Jalalabad, Afghanistan A suicide bomber detonated outside a bank in Jalalabad, killing dozens. First major ISIL Khorasan attack in Afghanistan. 33 100
13 May 2015 2015 Karachi bus shooting Karachi, Pakistan A group of 8 gunmen attacked a bus in Karachi, killing more than 40 people. Claim disputed. Would be first ISIL Khorasan attack in Pakistan if accurate. 45+ Dozens
20 June 2016 Kabul attack on Canadian Embassy guards Kabul, Afghanistan A suicide bomber targeted a convoy of Canadian embassy security guards. Both ISIL and the Taliban claimed responsibility. 15+ or 16 (+1) 9
23 July 2016 July 2016 Kabul bombing Kabul, Afghanistan Two suicide bombers blew themselves up during a protest by the Hazara ethnic minority, killing 80 in Kabul's deadliest attack since 2001 80+ 260
8 August 2016 August 2016 Quetta attacks Quetta, Pakistan Multiple attackers carried out a suicide bombing and shooting at a government hospital where lawyers were gathered. (Also claimed by Jamaat-ul-Ahrar)[51] 94 130+
24 October 2016 Charsadda, Pakistan An intelligence officer was shot dead. The attack was later claimed by the Islamic State group in a short statement posted on Amaq.[52] 1 0
24 October 2016 October 2016 Quetta attacks Quetta, Pakistan Three heavily armed terrorists carried out mass shooting at police cadets at the Quetta Police Training College while they were asleep. One terrorist killed during operation, while other two blew themselves up, killing 61 cadets. (Also claimed by Lashkar-e-Jhangvi)[53][54][55] 61 160+
26 October 2016 Ghor Province, Afghanistan Fighters killed at least 30 civilians after abducting them in the remote Afghan province of Ghor.[56] 30 0
26 October 2016 Jalalabad, Afghanistan An Islamic State suicide bomber killed a number of Afghan tribal elders.[57] 4–15 25
4 November 2016 Ghor Province, Afghanistan Islamic State executed 31 civilians in Ghor Province.[58] 31 0
5 November 2016 Ghor Province, Afghanistan Islamic State abducted at least 6 civilians in Ghor province.[58] 0 6 kidnapped
12 November 2016 2016 Khuzdar bombing Khuzdar, Pakistan At least 55 people including women and children were killed and over 100 injured when a suicide bomber went off in the crowded Shah Noorani Shrine in Hub town, Lasbela District, Balochistan, Pakistan.[59] 55 (+1) 102+
16 November 2016 Kabul, Afghanistan A suicide bomber blew himself up in a convoy with members of the Afghan National Security Forces, near the Defence ministry. At least four people were killed and eleven others injured.[60] 6 (+1) 15
21 November 2016 November 2016 Kabul suicide bombing Kabul, Afghanistan At least 32 people were killed and over 80 were injured in a suicide bombing at a Kabul Shia mosque "Baqir-ul-Olum".[61] 30 (+1) 15
25 November 2016 Jalalabad, Afghanistan Multiple bombs killed at least 6 people and injured 27 others. The explosions occurred in Jalalabad city.[62] 6 27
10 December 2016 Peshawar, Pakistan The Islamic State group has claimed responsibility for killing a counterterrorism police officer and wounding his young son in the northwestern Pakistani city of Peshawar.[63] 1 1
7 February 2017 February 2017 Afghanistan's Supreme Court in Kabul attack Kabul, Afghanistan 22 people were killed and 41 wounded in a suicide blast at Afghanistan's Supreme Court in Kabul.[64] The Islamic State claimed responsibility.[65] 22 41
8 February 2017 Qush Tepa District, Afghanistan The Islamic State killed six local employees of the International Committee of the Red Cross in the Qush Tepa district in Afghanistan. The assailants also took another two workers with them.[65] 6 2 kidnapped
16 February 2017 2017 Sehwan suicide bombing Sehwan, Pakistan A suicide bombing at a popular shrine in southern Pakistan killed at least 88 people and wounded over 250.[66] 88 250
8 March 2017 March 2017 Kabul attack Kabul, Afghanistan A group of gunmen dressed in white hospital robes attacked the Sardar Daud Khan Hospital. At least 49 people were killed in the hours-long assault, while 63 others were injured.[67] 49 63
12 April 2017 Kabul, Afghanistan A suicide bomber killed at least five people and wounded ten more near government offices in Kabul. ISIL claimed responsibility for the attack.[68] 5 (+1) 10
3 May 2017 Kabul, Afghanistan Eight people were killed and 28 more were injured when a suicide car bomber detonated next to a convoy of NATO vehicles near the U.S. embassy in Kabul.[69] 8 (+1) 28
17 May 2017 Jalalabad, Afghanistan Six persons, four civilians and two police officers, were killed and 17 others were injured when Islamic State militants stormed a TV station in Jalalabad. Two militants blew themselves up, and the other two have taken hostages. They were later killed by the police.[70] 6 (+4) 17
1 June 2017 Jalalabad, Afghanistan One person was killed and five others were injured when a car bomb went off outside the airport in Jalalabad.[71] 1 5
30 June 2017 Achin District, Afghanistan Seven civilians were killed and five others wounded when a bomb planted by Islamic State militants blew up in the Achin district of Nangarhar province.[72] 7 5
25 July 2017 Sar-e Pol city, Afghanistan Militants affiliated with the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) terrorist group have beheaded a man, allegedly over sorcery in the capital of the northern province of Sar-e-Pol.[73] 1 0
31 July 2017 2017 attack on the Iraqi embassy in Kabul Kabul, Afghanistan Islamic State militants ommitted an attack on the Iraqi Embassy in the Afghan capital Kabul. One terrorist blew himself up and another three entered the embassy. Two Afghan guards were killed and three others injured in the attack.[74] 2 (+4) 3
1 August 2017 2017 Herat mosque attack Herat, Afghanistan Two suicide bombers attacked a Shia mosque in Herat, killing at least 33 people and injuring more than 66. One of the bombers shot at worshipers with a rifle before detonating himself. 33 (+2) 66
30 August 2017 Jalalabad, Afghanistan A suicide bomber detonated his explosives in front of the house of an Afghan MP in Jalalabad. The explosion killed two guards and injured another one. A second attacker was killed before he could detonate himself.[75] 2 (+2) 1
20 October 2017 Du Layna District, Afghanistan A suicide bombing in a Sunni mosque of Ghor Province killed 33 people and wounded 10. The main target of the attack was a local commander from the anti-Taliban Jamiat party.[76][77] 33 (+1) 10
20 October 2017 Kabul, Afghanistan A suicide bomber killed 56 people and wounded 55 others inside a Shia mosque in Kabul.[78] 56 (+1) 55
31 October 2017 Kabul, Afghanistan 14 people were killed and 13 were wounded when an Islamic State suicide bomber blew himself up in Kabul.[79] 14 (+1) 13
7 November 2017 Kabul, Afghanistan A TV building was attacked in downtown Kabul by three militants. An employee and a security guard were killed while at least 20 others were injured in the attack. At least one militant blew himself up while the others were killed during a gunfight with security forces. Islamic State claimed responsibility for the attack.[80] 2 (+3) 20
16 November 2017 Kabul, Afghanistan At least 19 people, including eight police officers and ten civilians, were killed in a bomb explosion outside a restaurant in Kabul.[81][82][83] 19 10
18 December 2017 Kabul, Afghanistan Gunmen attacked a training center of the National Directorate of Security in Kabul, injuring two policemen. All three attackers were gunned downed.[84] 0 (+3) 2
25 December 2017 Kabul, Afghanistan Ten people were killed and five injured in a suicide bomb attack near the compound of Afghanistan's intelligence agency in Kabul.[85] 10 (+1) 5
28 December 2017 December 2017 Kabul suicide bombing Kabul, Afghanistan A suicide bomber stormed a Shi‘ite cultural center and news agency in the Afghan capital, killing 50 people and wounding scores, many of them students attending a conference. Two other bombs were detonated in the zone.[86][87] 50 (+1) 80
4 January 2018 Kabul, Afghanistan At least 20 people were killed in a suicide bombing that targeted a mobile police checkpoint in Kabul. As many as 30 others were injured in the incident.[88] 20 30
7 January 2018 Kunar Province, Afghanistan At least three people were killed and eight others wounded when insurgents stormed a security checkpoint in Afghanistan's eastern Kunar province.[89] 3 8
24 January 2018 2018 Save the Children Jalalabad attack Jalalabad, Afghanistan A complex attack began with a suicide car bomb outside the Save The Children offices in the city of Jalalabad, followed by gunmen entering the compound and fighting Afghan special forces. At least six people were killed and 27 others were wounded in the attack.[90][91] 6 27
29 January 2018 Kabul, Afghanistan Eleven Afghan soldiers were killed and sixteen others were injured when five Islamic State militants attacked an army post in Kabul. Four attackers were later killed by the security forces, and another was arrested.[92] 11 (+4) 16
24 February 2018 Kabul, Afghanistan Three people were killed and six others injured in a suicide blast in the Shash Darak area of Kabul.[93][94] 3 (+1) 6
7 March 2018 Jalalabad, Afghanistan A suicide bomber killed three people, including the local head of the Ministry of Hajj and Religious Affairs, and injured 16 others in Jalalabad, the capital of Nangarhar province.[95][96] 3 (+1) 16
9 March 2018 Kabul, Afghanistan A suicide bomber killed 10 people and injured 22 others when he set off explosives in a crowd of Shiite Muslims near a mosque complex in Kabul.[97] 10 (+1) 22
19 March 2018 Jalalabad, Afghanistan At least four people were killed and eleven others injured in a motorcycle bombing in Jalalabad in the Afghan province of Nangarhar.[98] 4 11
21 March 2018 March 2018 Kabul suicide bombing Kabul, Afghanistan A suicide bombing near a Shiite shrine in Kabul killed at least 33 people and injured 65 others as Afghans celebrated the Persian New Year.[99][100] 33 (+1) 65
25 March 2018 Herat, Afghanistan Two suicide bombers attacked a Shiite mosque in Herat, killing three, including the two terrorists, and wounding nine others.[101][102] 1 (+2) 9
30 March 2018 Watapur District, Afghanistan A member of the provincial council of Kunar and a religious scholar were killed in a suicide bombing in the Watapur district of Kunar province. A security guard was also wounded in the attack.[103][104] 2 (+1) 1
17 April 2018 Darzab District, Afghanistan Islamic state fighters beheaded a 12-year-old boy in Darzab district in the northern Afghan province of Jowzjan.[105] 1 0
22 April 2018 22 April 2018 Kabul suicide bombing Kabul, Afghanistan A suicide bomb attack at a voter registration centre in the Afghan capital Kabul killed at least 69 people and injured 120 others. The casualties were all civilians, most of whom had been waiting outside the office to apply for their IDs in order to register to vote in the upcoming elections.[106][107][108] 69 (+1) 120
22 April 2018 Chaparhar District, Afghanistan Three brothers were beheaded by Islamic State militants in Chaparhar district in Nangarhar province in Afghanistan.[109] 3 0
29 April 2018 Jalalabad, Afghanistan At least seven people, including children and policemen, were injured in a bomb attack near a voter registration center in Jalalabad, the capital of the eastern Afghan province of Nangarhar.[110][111] 0 7
30 April 2018 30 April 2018 Kabul suicide bombings Kabul, Afghanistan At least 29 people were killed and 50 others injured in two suicide bombings in the Afghan capital Kabul, including several journalists documenting the scene.[112][113] 29 (+2) 50
4 June 2018 Kabul, Afghanistan A suicide bomber detonated his explosives targeting a gathering of Afghanistan's top clerics in Kabul, killing at least 14 people and wounding 19. Shortly afterwards, a magnetic bomb attached to a police car exploded and as a result three people were wounded. 14(+1) 22
11 June 2018 Kabul, Afghanistan At least 17 people were killed and 40 others seriously injured after a suicide bomber detonated his explosives at an Afghan ministry in Kabul. 17(+1) 40
16 June 2018 Rodat District, Afghanistan A suicide bomber killed at least 36 people and injured 65 others at a gathering of Taliban and Afghan armed forces in the Rodat district of the eastern Afghan province of Nangarhar. 36(+1) 65
17 June 2018 Jalalabad, Afghanistan A suicide bomber detonated his explosives near the governor's compound in Afghanistan's eastern city of Jalalabad, killing at least 25 people and injuring 50 others. 25(+1) 50
30 June 2018 Khogyani District, Afghanistan Islamic State militants beheaded at least three people working as attendants for a local school in the Khogyani district of the eastern Afghan province of Nangarhar. The school building was also set on fire. 3 0
1 July 2018 July 2018 Jalalabad Suicide Bombing Jalalabad, Afghanistan A suicide bomber detonated his explosives in the center of the eastern Afghan city of Jalalabad, killing at least 20 people, including several members of the small Sikh minority, and injuring 20 others. 20(+1) 20
5 July 2018 Khogyani District, Afghanistan Three Taliban militants, including one commander, were killed and four civilians injured in a bomb blast in the Khogyani district of the eastern Afghan province of Nangarhar. 0(+3) 4
9 July 2018 Chaparhar District, Afghanistan At least nine civilians, including two children, were injured in a bomb explosion in the Chaparhar district of the eastern Afghan province of Nangarhar. 0 9
9 July 2018 Khogyani District, Afghanistan A Taliban insurgent and a civilian were killed in the Khogyani district of the Afghan province of Nangarhar. 1(+1) 0
10 July 2018 Jalalabad, Afghanistan A suicide bomber detonated his explosives near a petrol pump, killing two officials working for Afghanistan's intelligence agency and ten civilians, including children, and sparking a big fire that burned eight cars in the eastern Afghan city of Jalalabad. Five other people were taken to hospital. 12(+1) 5
11 July 2018 Jalalabad, Afghanistan At least 12 people were killed and another nine injured in a militant attack on the building of the provincial education department in the eastern Afghan city of Jalalabad. One suicide bomber detonated his explosives, while two more were shot dead by the security forces in a gunfight lasting several hours. 12(+3) 9
13 July 2018 13 July 2018 Pakistan bombings Mastung, Pakistan At least 131 people were killed[114] and more than 300 others injured in a suicide bombing at election rally.[115] 131 300+
15 July 2018 Kabul, Afghanistan A suicide bomber blew himself up near a government ministry in Kabul, killing at least eight people and wounding 17 others. 8(+1) 17
17 July 2018 Sayyad District, Afghanistan 27, including several Taliban militants, were killed and 23 others wounded in a suicide bombing that targeted a funeral for a deceased person in the Sayyad district of the northern Afghan province of Sar-e Pol. 27(+1) 23
20 July 2018 Bagrami District, Afghanistan A child was injured when a suicide bomber blew himself up before reaching his target in the Bagrami district of Kabul province, Afghanistan. 0(+1) 1
22 July 2018 Kabul, Afghanistan At least 23 people, including an AFP driver, were killed and 107 others injured in a suicide bombing near Kabul International Airport as scores of people were leaving the airport after welcoming home Afghan Vice President Abdul Rashid Dostum from exile. 23(+1) 107
22 July 2018 Surkh-Rōd District, Afghanistan An gunman opened fire in a mosque in the Surkh-Rōd district in the eastern Afghan province of Nangarhar, killing four people and injuring three others, including the mosque's religious leader. 4 3
25 July 2018 2018 Quetta Suicide Bombing Quetta, Pakistan At least 31 people, including five policemen and two children, were killed and 40 others wounded after a suicide bomber blew himself up outside a polling station in the Pakistani city of Quetta. 31(+1) 40
28 July 2018 Jalalabad, Afghanistan Two security guards and a driver were killed and eight others injured after a suicide bomber detonated his explosives and another attacker stormed into a training center for midwives in Jalalabad, the capital of the Afghan province of Nangarhar. The second terrorist was shot in an hour-long battle with the security forces. 3(+2) 8
30 July 2018 Rodat District, Afghanistan A local tribal elder and three of his family members were killed in a suicide car bomb attack in the Rodat district of the eastern Afghan province of Nangarhar. The son of the tribal leader also suffered minor injuries in the attack. 4(+1) 1
31 July 2018 Jalalabad, Afghanistan A suicide bomber blew up a car near the entrance to the Department of Refugees and Returnees in the Afghan city of Jalalabad and then two armed men stormed the building. The attackers took several hostages during the attack. Security killed both gunmen after about six hours. At least 14 people were killed and 26 others injured in the terrorist attack. 14(+3) 26
3 August 2018 Gardez, Afghanistan Two militants dressed in burqa entered a Shiite mosque in the town of Gardez in the province of Paktia and opened fire. Both attackers later blew themselves up. 48 people were killed and at least 70 others injured in the attack. 48(+2) 70
5 August 2018 Jalalabad, Afghanistan Three officers of the Afghan National Army were killed and three others injured when a suicide bomber detonated his explosives in front of an army checkpoint in the eastern Afghan city of Jalalabad. 3(+1) 3
15 August

2018

Kabul, Afghanistan A suicide bombing in an educative academy of Kabul left at least 48 killed and 67 injured. 48 67

Designation as a terrorist organization[edit]

Country Date References
 United States 29 September 2015 [12]
 India 21 June 2018 [116]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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