Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – Khorasan Province

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Islamic State – Khorasan Province
الدولة الإسلامية – ولاية خراسان
LeadersLeader of ISIL:
Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi (2014–2019) 
Abu Ibrahim al-Hashimi al-Qurashi (2019–present)
Emir of ISIL-KP:
Hafiz Saeed Khan  (2015–July 2016)
Abdul Haseeb Logari [1][2] (2016–April 2017)
Abdul Rahman Ghaleb [3][4] (April–July 2017)
Abu Saad Erhabi [5] (July 2017–August 2018)
Zia ul-Haq (August 2018 - April 2019)
Abdullah Orokzai  (POW)[6][7] (April 2019 - April 2020)
Major field commanders:
Qari Hekmat 
Mufti Nemat Surrendered
Dawood Ahmad Sofi 
Mohamed Zahran 
Ishfaq Ahmed Sofi 
Dates of operation26 January 2015[8]–present
Active regionsAfghanistan
IdeologySalafist Islamism
Salafist Jihadism
Size3,000+[9] (November 2017)
3,500–4,000+ (In Afghanistan)[10]
10,000 (2018 Russian claim)
Part of Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
OpponentsState opponents

Non-state opponents

Battles and warsWar in Afghanistan (2001-Present)

The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – Khorasan Province (ISIL-KP or ISKP; Arabic: الدولة الإسلامية في العراق والشام – ولاية خراسان‎, ad-Dawlah al-Islāmiyah fī 'l-ʿIrāq wa-sh-Shām – Wilayah Khorasan) [21] is a branch of the militant Islamist group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) active in South Asia and Central Asia.[22][23] Some media sources also use the terms ISK, ISISK, IS-KP, ISIS-K, or Daesh-Khorasan in referring to the group. The Khorasan group's main activity is in the border region of eastern Afghanistan and northern Pakistan, but its area of operations also includes other parts[24][25][26] such as Tajikistan,[27] and India where individuals have pledged allegiance to it.[28][29]

ISIL announced the group's formation in January 2015 and appointed former Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) militant Hafiz Saeed Khan as its leader, with former Afghan Taliban commander Abdul Rauf Aliza appointed as deputy leader. Aliza was killed in a U.S. drone strike in February 2015,[30] while Khan was killed in a U.S. airstrike in July 2016.[31]

The leader of the ISIL-KP, Abdullah Orokzai, also known as Aslam Farooqi, was captured in April 2020.[7][32][33]


Around September 2014, ISIL sent representatives to Pakistan to meet with local militants, including some Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) factions, following several months of discussions.[34] At the same time, leaflets, flags and propaganda materials in support of ISIL began being distributed in parts of Pakistan, including a pamphlet written in Pashto and Dari that called on all Muslims to swear allegiance to Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. The leaflets were believed to have been produced and distributed from across the border in Afghanistan.[35] In October 2014, former Taliban commander Abdul Rauf Khadim visited Iraq. Later on he returned to Afghanistan where he recruited followers in Helmand and Farah provinces.[36] In the same month, 6 TTP commanders in Pakistan; Hafiz Khan Saeed, official spokesman Shahidullah Shahid, and the TTP commanders of Kurram and Khyber tribal regions and Peshawar and Hangu Districts, publicly defected from the TTP and pledged allegiance to Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.[37][38]

On 10 January 2015, these six individuals appeared in a video where they again pledged allegiance to al-Baghdadi and nominated Hafiz Saeed Khan as the leader of their group. They were joined by other mid-level militant commanders, including representatives from Afghanistan's Logar and Kunar Province and Pakistan's Lakki Marwat. Shahidullah Shahid claimed that other Jihadists from both countries supported the pledge of allegiance but had been unable to attend the meeting in person.[38][39]

Afghanistan and India have suspected that ISIL-K is a breakaway faction of the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan.[40]

Support basis[edit]

In Afghanistan, ISIL has not only been recruiting from the villages but also the urban middle class and specifically targeting the universities, as there have been numerous cases of lecturers in Islamic law as well as students at the country's largest university, Kabul University, pledging allegiance to the group.[41]

As for Pakistan, scholar Antonio Giustozzi, one of the foremost specialists of terrorism and insurgency in the region, says that "IS-K might have been more successful in Pakistan", and "most recruitment was indeed reported to be taking place in madrasas; the second most important types of recruits were villagers and students" and noting, based on the findings of an NGO which works "extensively with madrasas and mosques", that "nine major madrasas had links to IS-K, as well as another 100 or so small madrasas networked with these nine. The source also estimated that of the mosques the NGO supported, about 150 in Pakistan were connected to IS-K."[42]

The Russian security officer Nikolai Patrushev said he believes that the United States supports the group.[43]

Hamid Karzai accused Pakistan of supporting ISIL during an interview with ANI.[44]


The group's original base and stronghold, Achin in eastern Afghanistan

On 26 January 2015, ISIL's official spokesman Abu Muhammad al-Adnani released an audio statement in which he accepted the earlier pledge of allegiance and announced the expansion of ISIL's caliphate with the creation of Wilayat Khorasan (Khurasan Province), a historical region incorporating parts of modern-day Afghanistan and Pakistan. Hafiz Khan Saeed was appointed as its local leader, or Wāli (Governor).[45][46] Abdul Rauf was named as Khan's deputy, however he was killed by a US drone strike in Afghanistan several weeks later.[47]

ISIL fighters in Afghanistan, with their commander, Abu Rashid in the middle, during a documentary by Al Jazeera and Euronews, inside their territory.

ISIL began actively recruiting defectors from the Taliban, in particular among those who were disgruntled with their leaders or lack of battlefield success. This prompted senior Taliban leader Akhtar Mansour to write a letter addressed to Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, asking for the recruitment in Afghanistan to stop and arguing that the war in Afghanistan should be under the Taliban leadership.[48] Nevertheless, fighting between the two groups broke out in Nangarhar Province, and by June 2015 ISIL had been able to seize territory in Afghanistan for the first time.[49] After successfully driving the Taliban out of several districts of Nangarhar after months of clashes, the group started carrying out their first attacks against Afghan forces in the province.[50] Khorasan Province also developed a presence in other provinces, including Helmand and Farah.[51] In late 2015, ISIL began broadcasting Pashto language radio in Nangarhar Province,[52] later on adding content in Dari.[53]

The group was boosted in August 2015 when the Afghanistan-based militant group, the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU), pledged allegiance to ISIL and declared that they were members of Wilayah Khorasan.[54] Clashes broke out between the IMU and the Taliban in Zabul province following this pledge. The Taliban launched an offensive against the Uzbeks, causing heavy casualties and eliminating its presence in the province by the end of the year.[55][56] The Taliban also succeeded in dislodging ISIL from Farah province over the same period.[19]

The group suffered further reversals in 2016, losing control of much of its territory in Nangarhar province. It was driven out of Achin and Shinwar Districts following a military operation by Afghan Security Forces,[57] while clashes with the Taliban led to them being driven out of Batikot and Chaparhar districts.[19] Following the loosening of targeting restrictions by US Forces in Afghanistan earlier in the year, the US Air Force began conducting scores of air strikes against ISIL targets.[58] In April 2016 the Taliban reported that a number of senior and mid-level leaders of Wilayah Khorasan in Nangarhar Province had defected from ISIL and pledged allegiance to Taliban leader Akhtar Mansour. The defectors included members of the group's central council, judicial council, and prisoners council, as well as several field commanders and their fighters.[59]

On 25 December 2017, in a video of a Kashmiri militant declaring allegiance to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant and declaring a new ISIL Province in Kashmir, the fighter called on Ansar Ghazwat-ul-Hind to ally with or give allegiance to ISIL and wage Jihad in Kashmir against the Indian government but the group declined.[60]

On May 15, 2019, ISIS declared new 'Pakistan Province' and 'India Province' branches after claiming attacks in Balochistan and Kashmir respectively. This suggests that while the Khorasan Province still exists, its self-proclaimed geographical area is likely reduced.[61]

On April 4, 2020, the National Directorate of Security announced the arrest of the head of ISIL, Aslam Farooqi, by the Afghan military forces, who took him into custody along with 20 other commanders.[62]

On July 26, 2020 a United Nations report stated that even though the ISIL branch in Afghanistan has suffered further severe reverses in its former Afghan strongholds of Nangarhar and Kunar provinces, it was too soon to discount it as a threat and although in territorial retreat, ISIL in Afghanistan remains capable of carrying out high-profile attacks in various parts of the country, including Kabul, it added.[63]

Operations against ISIS – Khorasan Province[edit]

The following are major operations conducted against ISK by the forces of United States, Pakistan and Afghanistan.

MOAB Airstrike in Achin[edit]

On 13 April 2017, a GBU43/B MOAB was dropped in an airstrike on a cave complex in Achin District, Nangarhar Province, Afghanistan. It was the first use of the bomb on the battlefield.[64][65][66] The Afghan defence ministry reported it to have killed over 36 militants and destroyed the tunnel complex including a cache of weapons. No civilian casualties were reported.[67]

Operation by Pakistan's forces[edit]

On 14 April 2017, Pakistan's security agencies, along with the local police raided a house in Lahore's Factory Area as part of their combing operation, which was approved by Pakistan's Chief of Army Staff Qamar Javed Bajwa in the aftermath of Mall Road bombing.[68] After an exchange of fire which killed one terrorist, three other suspects were arrested, one of them being Noreen Leghari, a student from Hyderabad, Pakistan who was claimed to be missing by her family 4 days prior to the raid.[69] On a confessional statement released by ISPR, Noreen confessed to joining ISIL through a terrorist she met on social media, She also told authorities that she was recruited by ISIL to attack a church in Lahore on the Easter Sunday, two suicide jackets, four hand grenades and bullets were provided to them.[70]

On 4 September 2019, In a joint operation of Counter Terrorism Department, FIA and Balochistan Constabulary at least 6 ISIS militants were killed in an intelligence-based operation in Quetta's Eastern Bypass area. During the operation, one official of the Balochistan Constabulary was killed and eight others from the Counter Terrorism Department were injured.[71]

Operations by the US and Afghan security forces in Nangarhar[edit]

On 26 April 2017, a joint raid operation committed by U.S. Army Rangers and Afghan Special Forces in the Nangarhar Province resulted in the death of Sheikh Abdul Hasib, the leader of ISIL in Afghanistan. Along with Hasib, a number of other top commanders of ISIL were killed, according to a statement by the U.S. Military. Two U.S. soldiers died during the operation, possibly due to friendly fire.[72]

On 1 January 2019, Afghan Special Forces attacked ISIS-K in Nangarhar Province's Achin District, killing 27 militants according to officials. Two local ISIS leaders, Sediq Yar and Syed Omar, were reported to be among those killed.[73] On 10 January, senior ISIS-K commander Khetab Emir was also killed in a raid in Nangarhar according to a U.S. forces spokesman. Emir was reported to have facilitated major attacks and provided ISIS-K bombmakers with explosive materials.[74]

On April 30, 2019, Afghan government forces undertook clearing operations directed against both ISIS-K and the Taliban in eastern Nangarhar Province, after the two groups fought for over a week over a group of villages in an area of illegal talc mining. The National Directorate of Security claimed 22 ISIS-K fighters were killed and two weapons caches destroyed, while the Taliban claimed US-backed Afghan forces killed seven civilians; a provincial official said over 9,000 families had been displaced by the fighting.[75]

On August 21, 2019, an airstrike killed 6 militants of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in Nangarhar province including two Pakistani nationals.[76]


According to a UN report, up to 70 ISIL fighters arrived from Iraq and Syria to form the core of the group in Afghanistan.[36] Alongside foreign fighters from Pakistan and Uzbekistan, most of the group's membership growth has come from recruiting Afghan defectors from the Taliban.[49] US General Sean Swindell told the BBC that members of Khorasan Province are in contact with ISIL's central leadership in Syria, although the exact relationship between the two is unclear.[77]

While the group has managed to establish a foothold in Afghanistan, it has had less success in Pakistan, largely carrying out isolated, small scale attacks.[78]

Claimed and alleged attacks of ISIL-KP[edit]

Date Attack Location Notes Dead Injured
18 April 2015 Jalalabad suicide bombing Jalalabad, Afghanistan A suicide bomber detonated outside a bank in Jalalabad, killing dozens. First major ISIL Khorasan attack in Afghanistan. 33 100
13 May 2015 2015 Karachi bus shooting Karachi, Pakistan A group of 8 gunmen attacked a bus in Karachi, killing more than 40 people. Claim disputed. Would be first ISIL Khorasan attack in Pakistan if accurate. 45+ Dozens
13 January 2016 Jalalabad, Afghanistan Three attackers belonging to ISIS launched an attack on Pakistani consulate in Afghanistan. The attack resulted in death of seven members of Afghan security forces.[79] 7 0
20 June 2016 Kabul attack on Canadian Embassy guards Kabul, Afghanistan A suicide bomber targeted a convoy of Canadian embassy security guards. Both ISIL and the Taliban claimed responsibility. 15+ or 16 (+1) 9
23 July 2016 July 2016 Kabul bombing Kabul, Afghanistan Two suicide bombers blew themselves up during a protest by the Hazara ethnic minority, killing 80 in Kabul's deadliest attack since 2001 80+ 260
8 August 2016 August 2016 Quetta attacks Quetta, Pakistan Multiple attackers carried out a suicide bombing and shooting at a government hospital where lawyers were gathered. (Also claimed by Jamaat-ul-Ahrar)[80] 94 130+
24 October 2016 Charsadda, Pakistan An intelligence officer was shot dead. The attack was later claimed by ISIL in a short statement posted on Amaq.[81] 1 0
24 October 2016 October 2016 Quetta attacks Quetta, Pakistan Three heavily armed terrorists carried out mass shooting at police cadets at the Quetta Police Training College while they were asleep. One terrorist killed during operation, while other two blew themselves up, killing 61 cadets. (Also claimed by Lashkar-e-Jhangvi)[82][83][84] 61 160+
26 October 2016 Ghor Province, Afghanistan Fighters killed at least 30 civilians after abducting them in the remote Afghan province of Ghor.[85] 30 0
26 October 2016 Jalalabad, Afghanistan An ISIL suicide bomber killed a number of Afghan tribal elders.[86] 4–15 25
4 November 2016 Ghor Province, Afghanistan ISIL executed 31 civilians in Ghor Province.[87] 31 0
5 November 2016 Ghor Province, Afghanistan ISIL abducted at least 6 civilians in Ghor province.[87] 0 6 kidnapped
12 November 2016 2016 Khuzdar bombing Khuzdar, Pakistan At least 55 people including women and children were killed and over 100 injured when a suicide bomber went off in the crowded Shah Noorani Shrine in Hub town, Lasbela District, Balochistan, Pakistan.[88] 55 (+1) 102+
16 November 2016 Kabul, Afghanistan A suicide bomber blew himself up in a convoy with members of the Afghan National Security Forces, near the Defence ministry. At least four people were killed and eleven others injured.[89] 6 (+1) 15
21 November 2016 November 2016 Kabul suicide bombing Kabul, Afghanistan At least 32 people were killed and over 80 were injured in a suicide bombing at a Kabul Shia mosque "Baqir-ul-Olum".[90] 30 (+1) 15
25 November 2016 Jalalabad, Afghanistan Multiple bombs killed at least 6 people and injured 27 others. The explosions occurred in Jalalabad city.[91] 6 27
10 December 2016 Peshawar, Pakistan ISIL has claimed responsibility for killing a counterterrorism police officer and wounding his young son in the northwestern Pakistani city of Peshawar.[92] 1 1
7 February 2017 February 2017 Afghanistan's Supreme Court in Kabul attack Kabul, Afghanistan 22 people were killed and 41 wounded in a suicide blast at Afghanistan's Supreme Court in Kabul.[93] ISIL claimed responsibility.[94] 22 41
8 February 2017 Qush Tepa District, Afghanistan ISIL killed six local employees of the International Committee of the Red Cross in the Qush Tepa district in Afghanistan. The assailants also took another two workers with them.[94] 6 2 kidnapped
16 February 2017 2017 Sehwan suicide bombing Sehwan, Pakistan A suicide bombing at a popular shrine in southern Pakistan killed at least 88 people and wounded over 250.[95] 88 250
8 March 2017 March 2017 Kabul attack Kabul, Afghanistan A group of gunmen dressed in white hospital robes attacked the Sardar Daud Khan Hospital. At least 49 people were killed in the hours-long assault, while 63 others were injured.[96] 49 63
12 April 2017 Kabul, Afghanistan A suicide bomber killed at least five people and wounded ten more near government offices in Kabul. ISIL claimed responsibility for the attack.[97] 5 (+1) 10
3 May 2017 Kabul, Afghanistan Eight people were killed and 28 more were injured when a suicide car bomber detonated next to a convoy of NATO vehicles near the U.S. embassy in Kabul.[citation needed] 8 (+1) 28
17 May 2017 Jalalabad, Afghanistan Six persons, four civilians and two police officers, were killed and 17 others were injured when ISIL militants stormed a TV station in Jalalabad. Two militants blew themselves up, and the other two have taken hostages. They were later killed by the police.[98] 6 (+4) 17
1 June 2017 Jalalabad, Afghanistan One person was killed and five others were injured when a car bomb went off outside the airport in Jalalabad.[99] 1 5
30 June 2017 Achin District, Afghanistan Seven civilians were killed and five others wounded when a bomb planted by ISIL militants blew up in the Achin district of Nangarhar province.[100] 7 5
25 July 2017 Sar-e Pol city, Afghanistan Militants affiliated with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) terrorist group have beheaded a man, allegedly over sorcery in the capital of the northern province of Sar-e-Pol.[101] 1 0
31 July 2017 2017 attack on the Iraqi embassy in Kabul Kabul, Afghanistan ISIL militants committed an attack on the Iraqi Embassy in the Afghan capital Kabul. One terrorist blew himself up and another three entered the embassy. Two Afghan guards were killed and three others injured in the attack.[102] 2 (+4) 3
1 August 2017 2017 Herat mosque attack Herat, Afghanistan Two suicide bombers attacked a Shia mosque in Herat, killing at least 33 people and injuring more than 66. One of the bombers shot at worshipers with a rifle before detonating himself. 33 (+2) 66
30 August 2017 Jalalabad, Afghanistan A suicide bomber detonated his explosives in front of the house of an Afghan MP in Jalalabad. The explosion killed two guards and injured another one. A second attacker was killed before he could detonate himself.[103] 2 (+2) 1
20 October 2017 Du Layna District, Afghanistan A suicide bombing in a Sunni mosque of Ghor Province killed 33 people and wounded 10. The main target of the attack was a local commander from the anti-Taliban Jamiat party.[104][105] 33 (+1) 10
20 October 2017 Kabul, Afghanistan A suicide bomber killed 56 people and wounded 55 others inside a Shia mosque in Kabul.[106] 56 (+1) 55
31 October 2017 Kabul, Afghanistan 14 people were killed and 13 were wounded when an ISIL suicide bomber blew himself up in Kabul.[citation needed] 14 (+1) 13
7 November 2017 Kabul, Afghanistan A TV building was attacked in downtown Kabul by three militants. An employee and a security guard were killed while at least 20 others were injured in the attack. At least one militant blew himself up while the others were killed during a gunfight with security forces. ISIL claimed responsibility for the attack.[107] 2 (+3) 20
16 November 2017 Kabul, Afghanistan At least 19 people, including eight police officers and ten civilians, were killed in a bomb explosion outside a restaurant in Kabul.[108][109][110] 19 10
18 December 2017 Kabul, Afghanistan Gunmen attacked a training center of the National Directorate of Security in Kabul, injuring two policemen. All three attackers were gunned downed.[111] 0 (+3) 2
25 December 2017 Kabul, Afghanistan Ten people were killed and five injured in a suicide bomb attack near the compound of Afghanistan's intelligence agency in Kabul.[112] 10 (+1) 5
28 December 2017 December 2017 Kabul suicide bombing Kabul, Afghanistan A suicide bomber stormed a Shi‘ite cultural center and news agency in the Afghan capital, killing 50 people and wounding scores, many of them students attending a conference. Two other bombs were detonated in the zone.[113][114] 50 (+1) 80
4 January 2018 Kabul, Afghanistan At least 20 people were killed in a suicide bombing that targeted a mobile police checkpoint in Kabul. As many as 30 others were injured in the incident.[115] 20 30
7 January 2018 Kunar Province, Afghanistan At least three people were killed and eight others wounded when insurgents stormed a security checkpoint in Afghanistan's eastern Kunar province.[116] 3 8
24 January 2018 2018 Save the Children Jalalabad attack Jalalabad, Afghanistan A complex attack began with a suicide car bomb outside the Save The Children offices in the city of Jalalabad, followed by gunmen entering the compound and fighting Afghan special forces. At least six people were killed and 27 others were wounded in the attack.[117][118] 6 27
29 January 2018 Kabul, Afghanistan Eleven Afghan soldiers were killed and sixteen others were injured when five ISIL militants attacked an army post in Kabul. Four attackers were later killed by the security forces, and another was arrested.[119] 11 (+4) 16
24 February 2018 Kabul, Afghanistan Three people were killed and six others injured in a suicide blast in the Shash Darak area of Kabul.[120][121] 3 (+1) 6
7 March 2018 Jalalabad, Afghanistan A suicide bomber killed three people, including the local head of the Ministry of Hajj and Religious Affairs, and injured 16 others in Jalalabad, the capital of Nangarhar province.[122][123] 3 (+1) 16
9 March 2018 Kabul, Afghanistan A suicide bomber killed 10 people and injured 22 others when he set off explosives in a crowd of Shiite Muslims near a mosque complex in Kabul.[124] 10 (+1) 22
19 March 2018 Jalalabad, Afghanistan At least four people were killed and eleven others injured in a motorcycle bombing in Jalalabad in the Afghan province of Nangarhar.[125] 4 11
21 March 2018 March 2018 Kabul suicide bombing Kabul, Afghanistan A suicide bombing near a Shiite shrine in Kabul killed at least 33 people and injured 65 others as Afghans celebrated the Persian New Year.[126][127] 33 (+1) 65
25 March 2018 Herat, Afghanistan Two suicide bombers attacked a Shiite mosque in Herat, killing three, including the two terrorists, and wounding nine others.[128][129] 1 (+2) 9
30 March 2018 Watapur District, Afghanistan A member of the provincial council of Kunar and a religious scholar were killed in a suicide bombing in the Watapur district of Kunar province. A security guard was also wounded in the attack.[130][131] 2 (+1) 1
17 April 2018 Darzab District, Afghanistan ISIL fighters beheaded a 12-year-old boy in Darzab district in the northern Afghan province of Jowzjan.[132] 1 0
22 April 2018 22 April 2018 Kabul suicide bombing Kabul, Afghanistan A suicide bomb attack at a voter registration centre in the Afghan capital Kabul killed at least 69 people and injured 120 others. The casualties were all civilians, most of whom had been waiting outside the office to apply for their IDs in order to register to vote in the upcoming elections.[133][134][135] 69 (+1) 120
22 April 2018 Chaparhar District, Afghanistan Three brothers were beheaded by ISIL militants in Chaparhar district in Nangarhar province in Afghanistan.[136] 3 0
29 April 2018 Jalalabad, Afghanistan At least seven people, including children and policemen, were injured in a bomb attack near a voter registration center in Jalalabad, the capital of the eastern Afghan province of Nangarhar.[137][138] 0 7
30 April 2018 30 April 2018 Kabul suicide bombings Kabul, Afghanistan At least 29 people were killed and 50 others injured in two suicide bombings in the Afghan capital Kabul, including several journalists documenting the scene.[139][140] 29 (+2) 50
4 June 2018 Kabul, Afghanistan A suicide bomber detonated his explosives targeting a gathering of Afghanistan's top clerics in Kabul, killing at least 14 people and wounding 19. Shortly afterwards, a magnetic bomb attached to a police car exploded and as a result three people were wounded. 14(+1) 22
11 June 2018 Kabul, Afghanistan At least 17 people were killed and 40 others seriously injured after a suicide bomber detonated his explosives at an Afghan ministry in Kabul. 17(+1) 40
16 June 2018 Rodat District, Afghanistan A suicide bomber killed at least 36 people and injured 65 others at a gathering of Taliban and Afghan armed forces in the Rodat district of the eastern Afghan province of Nangarhar. 36(+1) 65
17 June 2018 Jalalabad, Afghanistan A suicide bomber detonated his explosives near the governor's compound in Afghanistan's eastern city of Jalalabad, killing at least 25 people and injuring 50 others. 25(+1) 50
30 June 2018 Khogyani District, Afghanistan ISIL militants beheaded at least three people working as attendants for a local school in the Khogyani district of the eastern Afghan province of Nangarhar. The school building was also set on fire. 3 0
1 July 2018 July 2018 Jalalabad Suicide Bombing Jalalabad, Afghanistan A suicide bomber detonated his explosives in the center of the eastern Afghan city of Jalalabad, killing at least 20 people, including several members of the small Sikh minority, and injuring 20 others. 20(+1) 20
5 July 2018 Khogyani District, Afghanistan Three Taliban militants, including one commander, were killed and four civilians injured in a bomb blast in the Khogyani district of the eastern Afghan province of Nangarhar. 0 (+3) 4
9 July 2018 Chaparhar District, Afghanistan At least nine civilians, including two children, were injured in a bomb explosion in the Chaparhar district of the eastern Afghan province of Nangarhar. 0 9
9 July 2018 Khogyani District, Afghanistan A Taliban insurgent and a civilian were killed in the Khogyani district of the Afghan province of Nangarhar. 1(+1) 0
10 July 2018 Jalalabad, Afghanistan A suicide bomber detonated his explosives near a petrol pump, killing two officials working for Afghanistan's intelligence agency and ten civilians, including children, and sparking a big fire that burned eight cars in the eastern Afghan city of Jalalabad. Five other people were taken to hospital. 12 (+1) 5
11 July 2018 Jalalabad, Afghanistan At least 12 people were killed and another nine injured in a militant attack on the building of the provincial education department in the eastern Afghan city of Jalalabad. One suicide bomber detonated his explosives, while two more were shot dead by the security forces in a gunfight lasting several hours. 12(+3) 9
13 July 2018 13 July 2018 Pakistan bombings Mastung, Pakistan At least 131 people were killed[141] and more than 300 others injured in a suicide bombing at election rally.[142] 131 300+
15 July 2018 Kabul, Afghanistan A suicide bomber blew himself up near a government ministry in Kabul, killing at least eight people and wounding 17 others. 8(+1) 17
17 July 2018 Sayyad District, Afghanistan 27, including several Taliban militants, were killed and 23 others wounded in a suicide bombing that targeted a funeral for a deceased person in the Sayyad district of the northern Afghan province of Sar-e Pol. 27 (+1) 23
20 July 2018 Bagrami District, Afghanistan A child was injured when a suicide bomber blew himself up before reaching his target in the Bagrami district of Kabul province, Afghanistan. 0(+1) 1
22 July 2018 Kabul, Afghanistan At least 23 people, including an AFP driver, were killed and 107 others injured in a suicide bombing near Kabul International Airport as scores of people were leaving the airport after welcoming home Afghan Vice President Abdul Rashid Dostum from exile. 23 (+1) 107
22 July 2018 Surkh-Rōd District, Afghanistan A gunman opened fire in a mosque in the Surkh-Rōd district in the eastern Afghan province of Nangarhar, killing four people and injuring three others, including the mosque's religious leader. 4 3
25 July 2018 2018 Quetta Suicide Bombing Quetta, Pakistan At least 31 people, including five policemen and two children, were killed and 40 others wounded after a suicide bomber blew himself up outside a polling station in the Pakistani city of Quetta. 31 (+1) 40
28 July 2018 Jalalabad, Afghanistan Two security guards and a driver were killed and eight others injured after a suicide bomber detonated his explosives and another attacker stormed into a training center for midwives in Jalalabad, the capital of the Afghan province of Nangarhar. The second terrorist was shot in an hour-long battle with the security forces. 3(+2) 8
30 July 2018 Rodat District, Afghanistan A local tribal elder and three of his family members were killed in a suicide car bomb attack in the Rodat district of the eastern Afghan province of Nangarhar. The son of the tribal leader also suffered minor injuries in the attack. 4(+1) 1
31 July 2018 Jalalabad, Afghanistan A suicide bomber blew up a car near the entrance to the Department of Refugees and Returnees in the Afghan city of Jalalabad and then two armed men stormed the building. The attackers took several hostages during the attack. Security killed both gunmen after about six hours. At least 14 people were killed and 26 others injured in the terrorist attack. 14(+3) 26
3 August 2018 Gardez, Afghanistan Two militants dressed in burqa entered a Shiite mosque in the town of Gardez in the province of Paktia and opened fire. Both attackers later blew themselves up. 48 people were killed and at least 70 others injured in the attack. 48(+2) 70
5 August 2018 Jalalabad, Afghanistan Three officers of the Afghan National Army were killed and three others injured when a suicide bomber detonated his explosives in front of an army checkpoint in the eastern Afghan city of Jalalabad. 3(+1) 3
15 August


August 2018 Kabul suicide bombing Kabul, Afghanistan A suicide bombing in an educative academy of Kabul left at least 48 killed and 67 injured. 48 67
5 September 2018 Kabul, Afghanistan 26 people were killed and 91 were injured in suicide blasts targeting a Kabul Wrestling club and emergency teams, two journalists were among the dead, the ISIL claimed responsibility for the bombing.[143][144][145][146] 26(+2) 91
9 September 2018 Kabul, Afghanistan A suicide bomber on a motorbike blew himself up near a group of people commemorating the death anniversary of a famed resistance leader in Kabul on Sunday, killing at least seven people and injuring an additional 25, officials said, ISIL claimed responsibility for the attack.[147][148] 7(+1) 25
26 September 2018 Kalat, Pakistan Two Pakistani soldiers were killed and 6 were mildly injured in the Kalat area of Manghochar Balochistan when they clashed with ISIL militants in a compound, all 3 terrorists were killed.[149] 2 (+3) 6
2 October 2018 Kama District, Afghanistan A suicide bomber detonated killing at least 14 people and injuring around 40 at an election rally in the Kama district of the Nangarhar Province, ISIL claimed responsibility through Amaq.[150][151] 14 (+1) 40
4 October 2018 Nangarhar Province, Afghanistan A bomb blast at an office of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), killed 2 and injured 9 in Afghanistan's Nangarhar Province, ISIL claimed responsibility for the attack.[152] 2 9
10 October 2018 Momand Dara District. Afghanistan Three civilians were publicly executed by ISIL in a desert court in the Momand Dara District of Nangarhar Province.[153] 3 0
29 October 2018 Kabul, Afghanistan A suicide bomber targeting an Independent Election Commission (IEC) in Kabul detonated killing at least 2 people and injuring an additional 7, ISIL claimed responsibility for the attack.[154][155] 2 (+1) 7
31 October 2018 Kabul, Afghanistan A suicide bomber targeting a bus carrying employees of Afghanistan's biggest prison in Kabul detonated killing 7 and injuring an additional 5, ISIL claimed responsibility for the attack.[156][157] 7 (+1) 5
12 November 2018 Kabul, Afghanistan A suicide bomber detonated his explosives near Pashtunistan Square, in Kabul city center among a crowd of Hazaras who were protesting violence against them, the suicide bombing ended up killing at least six people and wounding 20 others, ISIL claimed responsibility for the attack.[158][159] 6 (+1) 20
23 November 2018 2018 Orakzai bombing Kalaya, Pakistan A suicide bomber detonation in a market killed 34 people and wounded around 56 people at a market in the Shi'ite dominated region of Kalaya, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, northern Pakistan, ISIL claimed responsibility.[160][161][162][163][164][165] 34 (+1) 56
23 November 2018 Khost Province, Afghanistan A suicide bombing left 27 Afghan National Army personnel dead and another 57 wounded in a mosque at an army base in the Khost Province, Afghanistan, the Islamic State claimed responsibility for the attack.[166][167][168][169] 27 (+1) 57
15 January 2019 Kabul, Afghanistan A car driver was killed in Kabul's PD9, when a magnetic bomb exploded while attached to the car. ISIL claimed responsibility and said that the person killed was an Afghan intelligence officer.[170][171] 1 0
5 February 2019 Jalalabad, Afghanistan A policeman was shot and killed by multiple gunmen in a targeted killing in the city of Jalalabad. The gunmen took the man's weapon away and ISIL took responsibility for the attack.[172][173] 1 0
13 February 2019 Alingar District, Afghanistan Two Taliban members were killed in an attack by ISIS Khurasan members in Laghman's Alingar District.[174] 2 0
6 March 2019 Jalalabad, Afghanistan A suicide bomber attacked a building company near the Jalalabad Airport, later four gunmen attacked the area killing 16 people and wounding 10. All five attackers were killed in the attack. ISIL claimed responsibility for the attack.[175][176] 16 (+5) 10
7 March 2019 Kabul, Afghanistan Three people were killed and 22 wounded in shelling at a gathering commemorating the death anniversary of Shia leader Abdul Ali Mazari. ISIL has claimed responsibility for the attack. One of the attackers was arrested.[177][178] 3 22
12 April 2019 2019 Quetta bombing Quetta, Pakistan A suicide blast took place in a potato stall in Shia dominated Hazarganji vegetable market.[179] 22 48+
20 April 2019 Kabul, Afghanistan An explosion followed by gunfire targeted the Afghan Ministry of Information, killing ten (7 civilians, 3 security personnel). The four attackers were all eventually killed.[180] 10 5
17 August 2019 17 August 2019 Kabul bombing Kabul, Afghanistan A suicide blast took place in the men's reception area of a wedding hall in Kabul, in a Shia neighbourhood, packed with people celebrating a marriage.[181] 80 160+
6 November 2019 Rudaki, Tajikistan Around twenty ISIS militants from Afghanistan conducted an attack on a border post in Tajikistan after crossing into Tajikistan from Afghanistan. The attack resulted in death of a Tajik border guard and a police officer. However, in the ensuing firefight fifteen ISIS militants were killed and five were arrested.[182][183] 17 (incl. 15 militants)
6 March 2020 6 March 2020 Kabul shooting Kabul, Afghanistan Two gunmen fired from a building that was under construction, killing 32 people and injuring another 81.[184][185] It happened during a ceremony to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the murder by the Taliban of Afghan Shia leader Abdul Ali Mazari.[184] The ceremony was attended by Afghan politician Abdullah Abdullah, who escaped unharmed.[184] The two gunmen were killed later the same day.[184] ISIL claimed responsibility for the attack.[184][186][187] 32 81
25 March 2020 Kabul gurdwara attack Kabul, Afghanistan A suicide blast and an armed assault took place at a Sikh shrine in Kabul, Afghanistan. During the attack there were 200 worshippers inside the shrine, among them also Indian citizens. Attackers hold hostages inside which caused a 6 hours lasting shootout. The attack resulted in 25 Sikh whorkshippers killed and eight others injured. After the attack, Afghan and NATO soldiers helped with the clearance operation.[188] 25 8+
12 May 2020 May 2020 Afghanistan attacks Kuz Kunar District, Nangarhar, Afghanistan A suicide bombing took place in Kuz Kunar District, Nangarhar Province at the funeral of Shaikh Akram, a police commander who died of a heart attack a day before, killing 32 people.[189][190] 133 others were injured, some severely.[191][192] 32 133+
12 May 2020 May 2020 Afghanistan attacks Kabul, Afghanistan Sixteen mothers and eight children and babies are killed after Islamic State militants targeted the maternity unit of a hospital in the predominately Shi'ite Hazara neighborhood of Dashte Barchi Kabul, moving through the 55-bed maternity unit. The three gunmen were later killed during a battle with security forces. The mothers were specifically the main target of the attack, according to authorities. Sixteen other people were wounded.[193] 24 (+3) 16
3 August 2020 Jalalabad prison attack Jalalabad, Nangarhar, Afghanistan A full-scale attack was launched by ISKP-affiliated gunmen in Jalalabad prison, in which 200 ISKP-affiliated prisoners managed to escape. Twenty-nine people were killed by the attackers and at least 50 more were wounded. Three gunmen also died.[194] 29 (+3) 50+
25 October 2020 Kabul, Afghanistan An Islamic State suicide bomber struck near an education centre in the Afghan capital Kabul on Saturday, killing at least 18 people and wounding 57 others.[195] 18 (+3) 57
10 December 2020 Jalalabad, Afghanistan TV and radio presenter Malalai Maiwand and her driver were killed in a shooting attack on their vehicle in the regional capital Jalalabad. The Islamic State claimed responsibility for the attack.[196] 2 0
2 January 2021 Machh, Pakistan Eleven Hazara coal miners are kidnapped near their mine and then killed nearby by Islamic State militants in Machh, Pakistan.[197] 11 0
2 March 2021 Jalalabad, Afghanistan Three female media workers are shot dead in Jalalabad, and a fourth woman is wounded, by Islamic State terrorists.[198] 3 1
8 May 2021 2021 Kabul school bombing Kabul, Afghanistan A car bombing, followed by two more improvised explosive device (IED) blasts, occurred in front of Sayed al-Shuhada school in Dashte Barchi, a predominantly Shia Hazara area in western Kabul, Afghanistan, leaving at least 85 people dead and 147 injured. The majority of the casualties were girls between 11 and 15 years old. The attack took place in a neighborhood that has frequently been attacked by militants belonging to Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant over the years. The Taliban blamed the attack on IS-KP.[199] 85 147
10 May 2021 Pul-e-Matak, Afghanistan A bus was hit by an IED, leaving 2 civilians dead and 9 others wounded. IS-K claimed the attack, stating that the Shia's on the bus were the target.[200] 2 9
13 May 2021 Sardawra, Afghanistan two civilians, including a child, were killed and 14 more were injured after a remote-controlled explosive was detonated. IS-K later claimed responsibility.[201] 2 14
14 May 2021 2021 Kabul mosque bombing Kabul, Afghanistan 12 people were killed, including an Imam and 15 others were wounded whilst worshipping in a mosque, when an IED exploded within the mosque. ISIS later claimed responsibility.[202][203] 12 15
2 June 2021 June 2021 Kabul bombings Kabul, Afghanistan 10 people were killed and 12 others were wounded after two bombs were detonated targeting two different buses in Kabul. Both buses were transporting passangers of the Hazara ethnic group. ISIS later claimed the attack via telegram.[204] 10 12
8 June 2021 Baghlan, Afghanistan ISIS-K claimed responsibility for attacking de-mining workers in Baghlan Province (north of the Afghan capital Kabul), 10 de-miners were shot dead and at least 16 others were wounded.[205] 10 16
12 June 2021 Kabul, Afghanistan ISIS-K claimed responsibility for planting sticky bombs onto two vans carrying shi'ites in a busy part of Kabul, effectivley creating two car bombs. When they exploded, 7 people were killed and several others were injured.[206] 7 4+

Designation as a terrorist organization[edit]

Country Date References
 United States 20 May 2016 [207]
 India 21 June 2018 [208]
 Iraq 16 May 2019 [209]

See also[edit]


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