Islamic University of Gaza
|President||Dr Kamalain Shaath|
|Colors||white and green|
The Islamic University of Gaza (Arabic: الجامعة الإسلامية بغزة), also known as IUG, IU Gaza and The University of Gaza, is an independent Palestinian university established in 1978 in Gaza City, then within the jurisdiction of Israeli Military rule. The university, now located in Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip (de-jure State of Palestine) is according to its website, having 10 faculties capable of awarding B.A., B.Sc., M.A., and M.Sc. diplomas and higher diplomas in their respective disciplines. The Islamic University of Gaza is a member of four regional and international associations of higher education, which are the International Association of Universities, the Community of Mediterranean Universities, the Association of Arab Universities and the Association of Islamic Universities. As of August 2014, due to the 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict, Israeli forces have destroyed the Islamic University of Gaza by firing multiple missiles into the building. People were reported to be inside the university campus during the attack. A large part of the university has been destroyed. No casualties were reported in the strike.
The university has also recently been accepting donations from the Middle East Children's Alliance for its rebuilding efforts.
Academic partners and associations
The Islamic University of Gaza is a member of four regional and international association of higher education which are the International Association of Universities, Community of Mediterranean Universities, Association of Arab Universities and [gree in general nursing.
- Faculty of Commerce: The following majors are considered: accounting, business administration with emphasis on economics and political science or banking and finance, economics & applied statistics, accounting (in English), and business administration (in English)).
- Faculty of Education: where the following majors are possible: science education, psychological science, primary education (elementary level), psychological counselling & educational guideline, applied science & education technology, Islamic studies, Arabic language, English language, geography, social studies, history, computer education, chemistry, mathematics, physics, biology
- Faculty of Art: Arabic language, English language, geography, journalism & information, journalism/editing, journalism & information./public relations & administration, social services, history & archaeology, Arabic & journalism
- Faculty of Shariah & Law: Islamic Shariah, Shariah & law
- Faculty of Ussol Eldeen.: Usul AL-Din / General
- Faculty of Engineering: the faculty of engineering awards masters in the following majors: (civil engineering/infrastructure, civil engineering/construction management, civil engineering/structure, design & rehabilitation of structures, electrical engineering/control systems, water resources engineering, civil engineering/construction management.
- Faculty of Science: the faculty of science awards masters in the following majors: mathematics, physics, water resources management. Also, the faculty of science awards masters in biological sciences with concentration on the following areas: zoology, microbiology, medical technology, botany and mycology.
- Faculty of Commerce: The faculty of commerce awards Master of arts degree in the two main majors of accounting and finance, and business administration. The business administration has the following concentrations: human resource management, marketing management, and financial management.
- Faculty of Education: the faculty of education awards masters degree in the following majors: psychology, curricula and methodology, fundamentals of education, and rehabilitation sciences. The curricula and methodology has the following concentrations: mathematics, Arabic language, sciences, English, and instructional technology. The fundamentals of education has the following concentrations: Islamic education and educational administration.
- Faculty of Art: the faculty of art awards master of arts degree in the following majors: literature, rhetoric and criticism, modern history, and Islamic history.
- Faculty of Shariah and Law: awards master of art in three majors which are: foundations Of jurisprudence, comparative jurisprudence, and Islamic jurisdicrion.
- Faculty of Ussoul Eldeen: awards master of arts in three majors which are: hadith, aqidah, and Quran and its interpretation.
Fatah and Hamas fighting in the university
During fighting between Hamas and Fatah, the dominating party in the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), in February 2007, Fatah militia stormed the university and confiscated weapons and ammunition that were stored in the University. Palestinian television aired footage showing dozens of rocket-propelled grenade launchers, rockets, and assault rifles, as well as thousands of bullets which had been found inside the university.
2008 Israeli strike
Just after midnight on 28/29 December 2008 local time, the Islamic University of Gaza was bombed in six separate air strikes by the Israeli Air Force as part of the Gaza War. An Israeli army spokeswoman told The Chronicle of Higher Education that university facilities were being used by Hamas to develop and store weapons including Qassam rockets used to target Israeli civilians. Hamas denied the Israeli allegation. According to claims by the Israeli based International Policy Institute for Counter-Terrorism, Hamas uses the University's laboratories to research and develop the Qassam rockets, in order to extend its range and lethality.
The United Nations Fact Finding Mission on the Gaza Conflict examined the incident and disputed the Israeli claims, concluding that: "(The mission) also saw the destruction caused at the Islamic University and in other university buildings that were destroyed or damaged. These were civilian, educational buildings and the Mission did not find any information about their use as a military facility or their contribution to a military effort that might have made them a legitimate target in the eyes of the Israeli armed forces."
More specifically, Palestinian academics claim that the attack destroyed 74 labs, including, Microbiology, Hematology, Genetics, Medical Technology and Medical Chemistry Labs, Physics Labs, Environmental and Earth Sciences Labs, Biology Labs, Biotechnology Labs, Optics Labs, Chemistry Labs, Engineering Labs, and Engineering and IT buildings.
In its response to the strike, the Islamic University of Gaza announced in a press release on January 21, 2009 that The University is an independent institution of higher education in Gaza and the largest among the Palestinian institutions that serve 20,000 students as an accredited member of several regional and international academic associations and organization. According to the press release, the attack destroyed the Science and Engineering buildings and damaged several others. The university called upon academics, local, regional and international higher educational and human rights institutions to speak out against the attacks. A number of international academic institutions have proceeded to express their commitment to support IUG as well as other universities in Gaza. The International Association of Universities, of which IUG is a member, has claimed to have written to the university to express its deep concern over the effects of the war, and to be ready to mobilize its member universities in support of the rebuilding efforts of the university. Similarly, Prof. Espen Bjertness of the University of Oslo and member of the Steering Committee of PEACE, stressed that “the sad situation for all academics caused by the bombing of our member university, Islamic University, Gaza and of the Gaza Community Mental Health Program calls for appropriate action”.
Relationship with Hamas
The Islamic University has close links with Hamas. It was co-founded by one of the future founders of Hamas, Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, in 1978, and many Hamas members have taught within the university. A 2007 article about USAID funding of organisations having links to terrorism cites American, Palestinian and Israeli evidence of connections between the university and Hamas. There are also clear contemporary links. For example, the new and reshuffled ministers in the Gaza cabinet announced by Hamas in March 2011 hold faculty positions at the university. Nevertheless, some Palestinian academics have denied that the university is in any respect a Hamas institution. Writing for the Middle East Children's Alliance, Palestinian Academics Marcy Newman and Akram Habeeb claim that "Equally important for our American colleagues is to remove the false label that IUG is a "Hamas-controlled" institution. Just as Palestinians in Gaza belong to a variety of political parties, IUG's students, board, faculty and staff represent that reality. IUG is a university like any other in Palestine that reflects the diversity of its population."
Aspersions have been cast by journalist Steven Erlanger, former Jerusalem bureau chief of the New York Times, who described the IUG as "one of the prime means for Hamas to convert Palestinians to its Islamist cause," in a 2007 article about further Israeli airstrikes on the university. However, this report was criticised by political economist Sara Roy of Harvard University, who explicitly stated that 'there can be no question that Hamas works within the framework of Islamic institutions in the Gaza Strip, and that there are certain direct links between Hamas and many of the social and economic institutions (in the strip). ... However, it is far more questionable whether an automatic and inevitable link exists between Hamas and Islamic social and economic institutions, whether those links are inherently subversive, or whether such institutions promote radicalism and violence as is commonly assumed." Roy also writes: "logic maintains, institutional clients become automatically linked to Hamas and constitute a base of support for political Islam. As a result, Islamic social institutions become recruiting centers for the Hamas's military wing. There is however, little hard evidence to support any of these allegations.
In July 2008, The Hook, a magazine in Charlottesville, Virginia, reported that the University of Virginia had taken legal action against the Islamic University of Gaza for allegedly purloining the website design of the University of Virginia.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Islamic University of Gaza.|
These photos were taken prior to the fighting beginning in 2007.
- Official Website
- Islamic University in Photos
- General Searching Database for Scholarships
- Publications of The Islamic University of Gaza (in Arabic)
- The Islamic University Conferences
- Report on connections between university and Hamas
- About IUG
- "About the Islamic University of Gaza". Archived from the original on 2007-02-08. Retrieved 2007-02-14.
- "CMU ngo". Retrieved 3 June 2015.
- "إتحاد الجامعات العربية :: عمان :: الأردن". Retrieved 3 June 2015.
- "Islamic University of Gaza". Retrieved 2009-01-22.
- "Israel strikes university in Gaza City". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
- Akram Habeeb and Marcy Newman (February 16, 2009). "Rebuilding the Islamic University of Gaza". Electronic Intifada.
- "IRAN'S GAZA GOONS CAUGHT AT HELM OF BOMB FACTORY," by ANDY SOLTIS with Post Wire Services, New York Post, Feb. 3, 2007 
- "Gaza is hit with more Israeli airstrikes," by Steven Erlanger, New York Times, Friday, May 18, 2007 
- Jerusalem Post, Dec 29, 2008, IAF bombs Islamic University's R&D labs, By YAAKOV KATZ 
- Fighel, Jonathan (2009-02-01). "The Mujaheed Sheikh - Dr. Nizar Rayyan The Spiritual Mentor of Iz A-Din Al Qassam Brigades". International Policy Institute for Counter-Terrorism. Retrieved 2009-05-31.
- United Nations Fact Finding Mission on the Gaza Conflict
- "P.E.A.C.E. Programme". Retrieved 3 June 2015.
- "P.E.A.C.E. Programme". Retrieved 3 June 2015.
- December 29, 2008, "Israeli Airstrikes in Gaza Destroy 2 University Buildings," Chronicle of Higher Education 
- August 24, 2007, "Better Late Than Never: Keeping USAID funds out of terrorist hands", Washington Institute for Near East Policy 
- Palestinian Embassy News, 11 March 2011
- Sara Roy, Failing Peace, 2007, Pluto Press: London
- "Copycat U: UVA fends off imitators". Retrieved 2008-08-23.