Islamic miniatures are small paintings on paper, usually book or manuscript illustrations but also sometimes separate artworks. The earliest examples date from around 1000 AD, with a flourishing of the artform from around 1200 AD. The field is divided by scholars into four types, Arabic, Mughal (Indian), Ottoman (Turkish), and Persian.
- "Miniature Painting". The David Collection. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
- "Islamic Miniature Painting and Book Illumination" (PDF). Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. 28 (10): 166–171. October 1933.