Islamic organisations in Australia
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Islamic organisations in Australia include a wide range of groups and associations run and supported by the Islamic community in Australia. Organisations include major community councils, local organisations, mosques and schools. Most Australian Muslims are Sunni, with Shia then Sufi and Ahmadiyya as minorities.
- 1 Major organisations
- 2 Minor groups and associations
- 2.1 Crescents of Brisbane
- 2.2 Darulfatwa – Islamic High Council of Australia
- 2.3 Islamic Community Milli Görüş Australia
- 2.4 Islamic Friendship Association of Australia
- 2.5 Islamic Information and Services Network of Australasia
- 2.6 Islamic Museum of Australia
- 2.7 Islamic Research and Educational Academy
- 2.8 Islamic Women's Welfare Council
- 2.9 Muslim Aid Australia
- 2.10 Muslim Business Network
- 2.11 Muslim Community Reference Group
- 2.12 Muslim Women's Association
- 2.13 Muslim Women's National Network Australia
- 2.14 National Zakat Foundation
- 3 Radical Islamic groups
- 4 Islamic militant groups
- 5 Outlawed terrorist organisations
- 6 Mosques
- 7 Media
- 8 Schools
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Australian Federation of Islamic Councils
The Australian Federation of Islamic Councils (AFIC) (also known as Muslims Australia) was founded in 1964 as an umbrella group for various Islamic groups and councils, and is Australia's most important Islamic organisation. The AFIC sees its role to represent Islam and Muslims of Australia to the Australian government and other bodies nationally and internationally. AFIC coordinates and provides resources for activities of its State Islamic Councils and member Islamic societies.
The AFIC has come under scrutiny under claims of mismanagement of Islamic schools run by the organisation. Claims range from financial impropriety, unfair dismissals of staff, gender discrimination and the hiring of teachers with fundamentalist or extremist backgrounds.
Lebanese Muslim Association
The Lebanese Muslim Association is an Australian non-profit welfare organisation based in Lakemba, a south-western suburb of Sydney. The Association was founded in the early 1960s as a community project to service the social, religious, recreational and educational needs of local Muslims. The group operates the Lakemba Mosque which has 5,000 members.
Australian National Imams Council
Minor groups and associations
Crescents of Brisbane
Crescents of Brisbane was formed in 2004 as a community-based organisation promoting healthy lifestyle through sport, entertainment, education and culture, among the Muslim community in Queensland. They publish an e-newsletter on their website called "Crescent Community News" every Friday/Saturday that includes general news about the Muslim community, as well as local events and activities.
Darulfatwa – Islamic High Council of Australia
Darulfatwa - Islamic High Council of Australia was established in 2004 as an, "independent and moderate, symbol of hope for Australian Sunni Muslims". It is also known as Darul-Fatwa and provides fatwas. It is based in Bankstown, NSW
Islamic Community Milli Görüş Australia
Islamic Community Milli Görüş Australia (ICMG) is an Islamic community which comprehensively organises the religious lives of Muslims. The ICMG not only aims at maintaining the Islamic teachings, proclaiming the Islamic creed and communicating religious duties resulting from that proclamation. Other than that the ICMG addresses all issues regarding Muslims while at the same time representing their interests. It is the goal of the ICMG to improve the living circumstances of Muslims as well as to provide for their fundamental rights.
Islamic Friendship Association of Australia
Islamic Information and Services Network of Australasia
The Islamic Information and Services Network of Australasia (IISNA) is an independent Islamic organisation based in Broadmeadows, Victoria.
Islamic Museum of Australia
The Islamic Museum of Australia (IMA) is a not-for-profit foundation noted for establishing the first Islamic Museum in Australia. The museum showcases the artistic heritage and historical contributions of Australian Muslims and those from abroad through the display of artwork and historical artefacts.
Islamic Research and Educational Academy
Islamic Women's Welfare Council
The Islamic Women's Welfare Council of Victoria (IWWC) is a community welfare organisation supporting Islamic women in Victoria. Founded in 1991, the group's director is Joumanah El Matrah. In 2011, the group was renamed to the Australian Muslim Women's Centre for Human Rights (AMWCHR).
Muslim Aid Australia
Muslim Aid Australia (MAA) is as an Australian-based relief organisation whose main work is humanitarian relief in Muslim countries. Founded in 1989, the organisation is a branch of Muslim Aid UK. The group has raised funds from Australians for the purpose of assisting victims of the 2004 tsunami in South East Asia. The group has been criticised for not providing enough transparency in how funds were distributed.
Muslim Business Network
The Muslim Business Network (MBN) was established in 2006 with the aim of creating a network for Muslim businesspersons and to advance the business interests of Muslims. The group's presidents include Farouk Adam and Mahomed Khatree.
Muslim Community Reference Group
The Muslim Community Reference Group was an advisory body to the Australian federal government, set up by the Howard Government, from mid-2005 to mid-2006.
Muslim Women's Association
The Muslim Women's Association (MWA) was formed in 1983. The executive director is Maha Abdo. The group's president is Joumana Harris. The group initially included many women activists from Lebanon but women from Turkey, Singapore, Egypt and other Muslim countries participated as well. The group received support of the Sheik Taj El Din Hilaly. The group supports women who suffer domestic violence or other forms of abuse at home. The MWA has also established child care centres in local communities. The group supports the Islamic women's magazine Reflections. According to the group's 2013 annual report, the yearly budget for the organisation is approximately $950,000 (AUD).
Muslim Women's National Network Australia
The Muslim Women's National Network Australia (MWNNA) is a Sydney-based association representing a network of progressive Muslim women's organisations and individual Muslim women. MWNNA runs events and projects for Muslim women across all ethnic backgrounds, and represents their views to media and government organisations. It was founded in 1990 by Aziza Abdel-Halim AM, and Zubeda Raihman is the current President.
National Zakat Foundation
Radical Islamic groups
Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamaah Association
The Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamaah Association of Australia (ASWJA) was founded by Melbourne sheik Mohammed Omran. Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamaah is a generic term referring to Sunni Islam. Those who adopt it as organisational name, do so as adherents of the Wahabi movement.
Global Islamic Youth Centre
The Global Islamic Youth Centre is an organisation founded by Feiz Mohammad in Liverpool, Sydney. It is linked to the ASWJA. Local residents have opposed the group on the premise that it would seek to spread a fundamentalist form of Islam. Opposition education spokesman Andrew Stoner said the NSW government must closely watch the school and what it may teach, to ensure that it would not teach the "extremist views" and "messages of hate" to young school children.
The Hizb ut-Tahrir is a radical Muslim group operating in Australia. The group adheres to a form of Islamic fundamentalism and has been reported calling for Australian Muslims to reject democracy and not to co-operate with Australian law enforcement officers. A speaker associated with the group was criticised for his views on honour killings, leading to a cancellation of one of his talks. An Australian Hizb ut-Tahrir spokesman has, "threatened to make Jews pay with blood". The group has come under scrutiny of the Australian government although no legal action has been taken against it. Columnist, Janet Albrechtsen says, "the young men from Hizb ut-Tahrir are a slippery bunch. They dance around our laws. So let's expose, debate, confront every one of their utterances instead of ignoring them".
Islamic Youth Movement
The Islamic Youth Movement is an offshoot group of the ASWJA. The group was raided by the ASIO following 11 September 2001. The group runs the Sydney-based online publication of Nida'ul Islam, "The Call of Islam." The publication is noted for releasing a number of interviews with persons associated with Islamic terror groups, including al-Qaeda leader, Osama bin Laden. The group's publication has been criticised for publishing inflammatory material condemning the West, Christianity and Judaism.
Islamic militant groups
"Ahmed Y" group
An Algerian man, known as "Ahmed Y," arrived in Australia in the late 1980s. Ahmed established a small militant group in Australia in 2001 and supported the idea of establishing an Islamic State in Australia and the use of violence against Australians.:14
Benbrika group (Melbourne)
Cheikho group (Sydney)
The Lashkar-e-Taiba, a proscribed terrorist organisation operating in India and Pakistan, set up a terror cell in Australia. French convert to Islam, Willie Brigitte, accused of planning an attack in Australia, was trained by Lashkar-e-taiba.
Mantiqi 4 (Jemaah Islamiah)
A short-lived terror cell, known as Mantiqi 4, existed in Australia for several years. The group was sponsored by Jemaah Islamiah (JI), a terrorist group known for their attacks in Indonesia, and was established by Abdul Rahim Ayub, a member of Jemaah Islamiah.:111 Ayub resided in Perth during the late 1990s all while being an active JI member, travelling and attending the group's leadership conferences in Indonesia. In contrast to the Jemaah Islamiah's other cells in Southeast Asia, the Mantiqi 4 cell was less of a focus for the organisation.:38 The activities of the Australian branch of JI included fundraising among the local Indonesian community in Australia. Jemaah Islamiah leadership also expressed intent on identifying targets in Australia to be attacked by Al Qaeda.:128
A group referred to as the "Syrian syndicate" has been investigated for sending Australian Muslims to fight in the Syrian Civil War. Australian Counterterrorism Police have investigated Wassim Fayad in connection to an attempt to ram an ATM during the 2011 Auburn riots. It is suspected that the funds were to be used in connection to local efforts of involvement in the Syrian conflict.
Outlawed terrorist organisations
As at January 2015, there were 20 organisations designated and banned, by a court or a government department, for active involvement in terrorism. All but one of those organisations are Islamist. Identification of terrorist organisations may result from a prosecution for a terrorist offence, or from a listing determined by the Attorney-General of Australia.
Australasian Muslim Times
Muslim Community Radio
One Path Network
Islamic schools in Australia are predominantly located in New South Wales and Victoria.
New South Wales
- The Islamic Sciences and Research Academy of Australia (ISRA), University and School
- Al Kauthar Institute
- Al-Faisal College
- Unity Grammar College
- Al-Noori Muslim Primary School
- Qibla College
- Al Zahrah College
- Arkana College
- Australian Islamic College of Sydney (formally King Abdul Aziz College)
- Irfan College of Australia
- King Abdul Aziz School
- Malek Fahd Islamic School
- Noor Al Houda Islamic College
- Rissalah College
- Sule College
- Al Siraat College
- Australian International Academy (formerly King Khalid Islamic College)
- Darul Ulum College
- East Preston Islamic College
- Ilim College of Australia
- Minaret College
- Werribee Islamic College
- Isik College
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