Islamnagar, Bhopal

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Islamnagar
Islam Nagar
village
Chaman Mahal
Chaman Mahal
Islamnagar is located in Madhya Pradesh
Islamnagar
Islamnagar
Islamnagar is located in India
Islamnagar
Islamnagar
Coordinates: 23°21′17″N 77°25′02″E / 23.3547403°N 77.4171237°E / 23.3547403; 77.4171237Coordinates: 23°21′17″N 77°25′02″E / 23.3547403°N 77.4171237°E / 23.3547403; 77.4171237
Country India
State Madhya Pradesh
District Bhopal
Tehsil Huzur
Block Phanda
Elevation 485 m (1,591 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 3,638
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
2011 census code 482390

Islamnagar is a panchayat village in the Bhopal district of Madhya Pradesh, India.[1] It is located in the Huzur tehsil and the Phanda block.[2]

Formerly a fortified city, Islamnagar was the capital of the Bhopal princely state for a brief period. The ruins of the palaces built by Bhopal's founder Dost Mohammad Khan still exist at the site.

History[edit]

Originally known as Jagadishpur, the place was founded by the local Rajput chieftains.[3] In the early 18th century, the place was captured and renamed to Islamnagar ("city of Islam") by Dost Mohammad Khan, the founder of the Bhopal princely state. Islamnagar was the original capital of the Dost Mohammad Khan's state.

In 1723, Dost Mohammad Khan had to surrender the Islamnagar fort to Nizam-ul-Mulk after a brief siege.[4] Khan was reduced to the position of a kiledar (fort commander) under the Nizam after a peace treaty. The Scindias controlled the Islamnagar fort from 1806 to 1817, when it was restored to Bhopal following a treaty.[5]

Several members of the royal family of Bhopal, including Shah Jahan Begum, were born in Islamnagar.

Geography[edit]

Islam Nagar lies on the Bhopal-Berasia road.

Monuments[edit]

Islamnagar fort
The ruins of Islamnagar fort can be found running through the farmlands of Islamnagar.
Fort Wall Islamnagar
Fort Wall Islamnagar


Chaman Mahal
Chaman Mahal ("Garden Palace") is a red sandstone structure built by Dost Mohammad Khan. It is surrounded by gardens and fountains, and is ornamented with floral motifs. The architecture is a synthesis of the Malwa-Mughal architecture, with Bengali-influenced drooping eaves. The ruined palace has a Mughal water garden and a hamam (Turkish bath).[3]
Rani Mahal
Rani Mahal ("Queen Palace") is a double-storey zenana complex (female residence). It has a colonnaded Diwan-e-Aam.[3]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census of India, Islamnagar has 724 households. The effective literacy rate (i.e. the literacy rate of population excluding children aged 6 and below) is 77.52%.[6]

Demographics (2011 Census)[6]
Total Male Female
Population 3638 1870 1768
Children aged below 6 years 511 272 239
Scheduled caste 380 195 185
Scheduled tribe 185 99 86
Literates 2424 1351 1073
Workers (all) 1490 1024 466
Main workers (total) 1058 875 183
Main workers: Cultivators 361 327 34
Main workers: Agricultural labourers 336 222 114
Main workers: Household industry workers 50 42 8
Main workers: Other 311 284 27
Marginal workers (total) 432 149 283
Marginal workers: Cultivators 110 31 79
Marginal workers: Agricultural labourers 257 84 173
Marginal workers: Household industry workers 21 2 19
Marginal workers: Others 44 32 12
Non-workers 2148 846 1302

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of Total Habitations with 100% Population Coverage". Integrated Management Information System (IMIS). Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Government of India. Retrieved 2011-01-02. 
  2. ^ "RFP Document for Establishing Operating and Maintaining Lok Seva Kendra" (PDF). E-Governance Society Bhopal District. Retrieved 2015-07-25. 
  3. ^ a b c Sarina Singh; Lindsay Brown; Mark Elliott; Paul Harding; Abigail Hole; Patrick Horton, eds. (2009), Lonely Planet India, Country Guide Series (13, illustrated ed.), Lonely Planet, p. 694, ISBN 978-1-74179-151-8 
  4. ^ Shaharyar M. Khan (2000). The Begums of Bhopal (illustrated ed.). I.B.Tauris. p. 25. ISBN 978-1-86064-528-0. 
  5. ^ Imperial gazetteer of India: provincial series, Volume 12. 1908.
  6. ^ a b "District Census Handbook - Bhopal" (PDF). 2011 Census of India. Directorate of Census Operations, Madhya Pradesh. Retrieved 2015-07-20.