Island Lake (Manitoba)

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Island Lake
St. Theresa Point.jpg
St. Theresa Point on Island Lake
Island Lake is located in Manitoba
Island Lake
Island Lake
Location in Manitoba
LocationDivision No. 22,
Northeastern Manitoba
Coordinates53°47′N 94°25′W / 53.783°N 94.417°W / 53.783; -94.417Coordinates: 53°47′N 94°25′W / 53.783°N 94.417°W / 53.783; -94.417
Primary outflowsIsland Lake River
Catchment area20,000 km2 (7,700 sq mi)
Basin countriesCanada
Max. length85 km (53 mi)
Surface area1,223 km2 (472 sq mi)
Average depth20.1 m (66 ft)
Max. depth59.4 m (195 ft)
Residence time7.76 years
Shore length1745 km (463 mi)
Surface elevation227 m (745 ft)
SettlementsGarden Hill, Island Lake, St. Theresa Point, Wasagamack
References[1]
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

Island Lake is a lake in northeastern Manitoba in Canada, near the Ontario border. The lake covers a total area of 1,223 square kilometres (472 sq mi), making it the 6th largest lake in the province. The lake is in the Hayes River drainage basin. The Island Lake River flows north from the northwest section of the lake into Gods Lake via Goose Lake and Beaver Lake. Gods Lake drains north through Gods River into the Hayes River.[2][3][4][5]

A monument at the east end of the lake is a key point in the demarcation of the northeast–southwest boundary between Ontario and Manitoba.[6]

Settlements[edit]

Located on the lake are the First Nations communities of Wasagamack, St. Theresa Point and Garden Hill and the northern settlement of Island Lake which in 2011 had a combined population of 7,120.

Wasagamack had a population of 1,411 in the Canada Census of 2011 and St. Theresa Point had 2,871. Both are located on the western side of the lake. About 18 km (11 miles) east across the bay are Garden Hill with a population of 2,776 and nearby Island Lake with 62 residents. The northern settlement of Island Lake is located on several islands.[3][5][7][8]

Gallery[edit]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Island Lake
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 5.9
(42.6)
7.5
(45.5)
16.2
(61.2)
29.2
(84.6)
32.2
(90.0)
37.3
(99.1)
35
(95)
32.5
(90.5)
30.4
(86.7)
21.7
(71.1)
15
(59)
4.4
(39.9)
37.3
(99.1)
Average high °C (°F) −17.7
(0.1)
−12.4
(9.7)
−3.8
(25.2)
5.6
(42.1)
13.7
(56.7)
19.5
(67.1)
22.5
(72.5)
21.1
(70.0)
13.5
(56.3)
5.7
(42.3)
−4.9
(23.2)
−14.8
(5.4)
4
(39)
Daily mean °C (°F) −22.9
(−9.2)
−18.6
(−1.5)
−10.8
(12.6)
−0.8
(30.6)
7.7
(45.9)
14
(57)
17.5
(63.5)
16.4
(61.5)
9.5
(49.1)
2.6
(36.7)
−8.3
(17.1)
−19.4
(−2.9)
−1.1
(30.0)
Average low °C (°F) −28.1
(−18.6)
−24.8
(−12.6)
−17.8
(0.0)
−7.1
(19.2)
1.5
(34.7)
8.4
(47.1)
12.5
(54.5)
11.6
(52.9)
5.5
(41.9)
−0.6
(30.9)
−11.6
(11.1)
−23.9
(−11.0)
−6.2
(20.8)
Record low °C (°F) −45
(−49)
−43.3
(−45.9)
−42.2
(−44.0)
−28.9
(−20.0)
−16.6
(2.1)
−1.9
(28.6)
2.2
(36.0)
2.2
(36.0)
−4.4
(24.1)
−13.4
(7.9)
−34.8
(−30.6)
−43.3
(−45.9)
−45
(−49)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 20.1
(0.79)
18.9
(0.74)
24
(0.9)
26.2
(1.03)
42.8
(1.69)
69.1
(2.72)
89.4
(3.52)
77.4
(3.05)
61.8
(2.43)
55.8
(2.20)
36.3
(1.43)
24.4
(0.96)
546.2
(21.50)
Source: Environment Canada[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Lake Database (Island Lake)". Archived from the original on February 10, 2015. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
  2. ^ Atlas of Canada – Lakes Archived April 10, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ a b "Google Maps Distance Calculator". Retrieved January 7, 2015.
  4. ^ "Natural Resources Canada-Canadian Geographical Names (Island Lake)". Retrieved January 7, 2015.
  5. ^ a b "Atlas of Canada Toporama". Retrieved January 7, 2015.
  6. ^ "An Act to amend The Manitoba Boundaries Extension Act, 1912, and The Ontario Boundaries Extension Act (Can., 1950)". Ontario: Revised Statutes. Retrieved March 26, 2017.
  7. ^ "Canada Census 2011". Retrieved January 14, 2014.
  8. ^ "Corrections and updates: Population and dwelling count amendments, 2011 Census". Statistics Canada. February 14, 2013. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
  9. ^ Environment Canada – Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000—Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000, accessed April 22, 2011