Island groups of the Philippines

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The Philippines are divided into three island groups, Luzon, the Visayas and Mindanao.

The divisions of the Philippines are the three island groups of Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. Luzon and Mindanao are named after their main islands of the same names, while the Visayas (the Visayan Islands) is an archipelago.


The different islands are grouped into separate island groups by virtue of their regions: Regions I to V, CAR and NCR are for Luzon, Regions VI to VIII are for Visayas, and Regions IX to XIII and ARMM are for Mindanao. If a province is reassigned into a new region, it can also be reassigned to a new island group, as is the case with Palawan, when it was reassigned to MIMAROPA. The island groups themselves do not have governments of their own, but are instead divided into provinces, cities, municipalities and barangays, which do have their own local governments.

Although the island groups do not have local governments, hence capitals, certain cities have become the political, economic and cultural centers of the island groups. Manila is the national capital and is the de facto capital of Luzon, though Quezon City, the former capital, has more inhabitants than Manila. Cebu is the largest city of the Visayas. Mindanao's main city is Davao.

Division Main city Area (km2.) Population
Luzon Manila 125,863 42.8 million 52.4 million
Visayas Cebu 71,503 15.5 million 18.0 million
Mindanao Davao 101,763 18.1 million 22.0 million



Luzviminda is a portmanteau of the names of the island groups (Luzviminda stands for Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao) and is also a popular name for Filipino women.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 22 May 2015. 
  2. ^ The Philippine name game Sarah Toms, BBC News. Published Saturday, 14 January 2006, 13:29 GMT, accessed January 2, 2007.