The LIMPET installation
Location of Islay LIMPET in Scotland
|Wave power facility|
|Type||Oscillating Water Column|
|Nameplate capacity||0.25 MW|
Following the construction of a 75 kW prototype in 1991, a 500 kW unit was built in 2000, and is located at Claddach Farm on the Rhinns of Islay on the Scottish island of Islay. The capacity was later downgraded to 250 kW. Islay LIMPET (Land Installed Marine Power Energy Transmitter) was developed by Wavegen in cooperation with Queen's University Belfast.
Islay LIMPET is a shoreline device uses an Oscillating Water Column to drive air in and out of a pressure chamber through a Wells turbine. The chamber of the LIMPET is an inclined concrete tube with its opening below the water level. As external wave action causes the water level in the chamber to oscillate, the variation in water level alternately compresses and decompresses the trapped air above, causing air to flow backwards and forwards through a pair of contra-rotating turbines. A report covering the long term running of the turbine was produced in 2002.
Further development based on the Technology
- Tom Heath. "The Construction, Commissioning and Operation of the LIMPET Wave Energy Collector" (PDF). Wavegen. Retrieved 2009-08-04.
- "limpet.pdf" (PDF).
- "How it works: Wave power station". BBC News. 2000-11-20.
- Seenan, Gerard (2000-09-14). "Islay pioneers harnessing of wave power". The Guardian (London).
- "Limper report 2002" (PDF).
- "Inverness firm hands over the world's first full life wave power plant". www.inverness-courier.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-07-29.