Isle Abbots

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Isle Abbots
Stone building with arched window. Square tower surrounded by scaffolding.
Church of St Mary the Virgin, Isle Abbotts
Isle Abbots is located in Somerset
Isle Abbots
Isle Abbots
Isle Abbots shown within Somerset
Population 205 (2011)[1]
OS grid reference ST351208
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Taunton
Postcode district TA3
Dialling code 01460
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Somerset
50°59′01″N 2°55′29″W / 50.9837°N 2.9246°W / 50.9837; -2.9246Coordinates: 50°59′01″N 2°55′29″W / 50.9837°N 2.9246°W / 50.9837; -2.9246

Isle Abbots (sometimes spelled Isle Abbotts) is a village and civil parish in Somerset, England, situated 7 miles (11.3 km) south east of Taunton in the South Somerset district. The village has a population of 205.[1]

History[edit]

The name of the village comes from the River Isle with the second part coming from its ownership by Muchelney Abbey from Saxon times until the Dissolution of the monasteries in 1538. The manor then passed to the Earl of Hertford.[2]

Bromes House has medieval origins and was restored in 1627. It has been designated as a grade II* listed building.[3]

In 1645 during the English Civil War Isle Abbots was the scene of a skirmish between parliamentary troops under Edward Massie and Royalist forces under Lord Goring who fought for control of the bridges prior to the Battle of Langport.[4]

Governance[edit]

The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also the responsibility of the council.

The village falls within the Non-metropolitan district of South Somerset, which was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, having previously been part of Langport Rural District.[5] The district council is responsible for local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection and recycling, cemeteries and crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism.

Somerset County Council is responsible for running the largest and most expensive local services such as education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, policing and fire services, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning.

It is also part of the Yeovil county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election, and part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Geography[edit]

Isle Abbotts lies between the River Isle and the Fivehead River.

Climate[edit]

Along with the rest of South West England, Isle Abbots has a temperate climate which is generally wetter and milder than the rest of the country.[6] The annual mean temperature is approximately 10 °C (50.0 °F). Seasonal temperature variation is less extreme than most of the United Kingdom because of the adjacent sea temperatures. The summer months of July and August are the warmest with mean daily maxima of approximately 21 °C (69.8 °F). In winter mean minimum temperatures of 1 °C (33.8 °F) or 2 °C (35.6 °F) are common.[6] In the summer the Azores high pressure affects the south-west of England, however convective cloud sometimes forms inland, reducing the number of hours of sunshine. Annual sunshine rates are slightly less than the regional average of 1,600 hours.[6] In December 1998 there were 20 days without sun recorded at Yeovilton. Most the rainfall in the south-west is caused by Atlantic depressions or by convection. Most of the rainfall in autumn and winter is caused by the Atlantic depressions, which is when they are most active. In summer, a large proportion of the rainfall is caused by sun heating the ground leading to convection and to showers and thunderstorms. Average rainfall is around 700 mm (28 in). About 8–15 days of snowfall is typical. November to March have the highest mean wind speeds, and June to August have the lightest winds. The predominant wind direction is from the south-west.[6]

Religious sites[edit]

The Church of St. Mary the Virgin dates from the 13th century with several restorations since. It has a tower of four stages. The embattled parapet is pierced by quatrefoils, the merlons pierced with lancet openings. The very large corner pinnacles have attached secondary pinnacles, and intermediate pinnacles to each side. The crocketted niches to each face of tower have surviving medieval figures, to west the risen Christ stepping from His sarcophagus, the Blessed Virgin with Bambino, St Peter and St Paul; to south St George, St Catherine, St Margaret; to east St John Baptist, St Clement; to north St Michael.[7] The wealth of architectural detail and sculpture has required specific approaches to the methodology of repair and protection using lime-based materials.[8] The church tower has eight hunky punks depicting a person playing the bagpipes, an oriental lion dog, a goat, a dragon, a Chinese dragon, a primitive dragon, a winged lion and a lion.[9] The church also houses a barrel organ made by Henry Bryceson in about 1835.[9]

There is also a Baptist Chapel in the village. This was built in 1815 and restored in 1874. It is no longer in use and has been sold[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Statistics for Wards, LSOAs and Parishes — SUMMARY Profiles" (Excel). Somerset Intelligence. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  2. ^ Bush, Robin (1994). Somerset: The Complete Guide. Dovecote Press. p. 122. ISBN 1-874336-26-1. 
  3. ^ "Bromes House". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 2009-01-15. 
  4. ^ Barratt, John (2005). The civil war in the south west. Bernsley: Pen & Sword Military. pp. 116–118. ISBN 1-84415-146-8. 
  5. ^ "Langport RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c d "South West England: climate". Met Office. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 14 March 2010. 
  7. ^ "Church of St Mary the Virgin, Isle Abbots". Images of England. Archived from the original on 2012-10-03. Retrieved 2008-03-07. 
  8. ^ "St Mary The Virgin, Isle Abbots, Somerset". Strachey Conservation. Retrieved 2008-03-07. 
  9. ^ a b St Mary the Virgin, Isle Abbots: Church Guide published by Isle Abbots PCC, no date
  10. ^ Baptist Church, Isle Abbotts, June 2008 Archived 2012-03-08 at the Wayback Machine., website by Sue Redfearn, accessed 20 June 2010

External links[edit]