Isle Haute

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Isle Haute
Native name:
Maskusetik
Isle Haute, Bay of Fundy, Canada
Image taken at low tide at Harbourville, Nova Scotia
Isle Haute is located in Nova Scotia
Isle Haute
Isle Haute
Isle Haute
Etymology"High Island" (Samuel de Champlain, 1604)
Geography
LocationBay of Fundy
Area83 ha (210 acres)
Length3 km (1.9 mi)
Width400 m (1,300 ft)
Highest elevation100 m (300 ft)
Administration
Canada
Demographics
Population0
Additional information
Time zone
  • AST
A Fundy Island's Story", Gulf of Maine Times Autumn 2002

Isle Haute is an island in the upper regions of Bay of Fundy in Nova Scotia, near the entrance to the Minas Basin. It is 16 kilometers from the coast of Harbourville and eight kilometers south-southwest of Cape Chignecto. The island is part of Cumberland County, Nova Scotia and is three kilometres (1.9 mi) long and 400 metres (1,300 ft) wide. The Mi'kmaq used the island to make stone tools before Europeans arrived and called the island "Maskusetik", meaning place of wild potatoes.[1]. In 1604, Samuel de Champlain gave the present name to the island, which means "High Island" in French, when he observed the towering bluffs, timber and fresh-water springs. The steep 100 m (328 ft) basalt cliffs of the island are the result from volcanic eruptions in the Jurassic period and may have been connected to the North Mountain volcanic ridge on the mainland 200 million years ago, before the Bay of Fundy was formed.

In 1878, a lighthouse was built and was manned until 1956, when fire collapsed the lighthouse and home of the lighthouse keeper. The lighthouse was replaced by a steel tower and is unmanned. Federally owned, the island is being transferred from the Canadian Coast Guard to the Canadian Wildlife Service to protect its unique ecosystem. The island is also protected under Nova Scotia's Special Places Act to protect early Mi'kmaq archaeological sites. Digging without an archaeological permit or removal of artifacts is prohibited.[2]

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Coordinates: 45°15′5.92″N 65°0′20.41″W / 45.2516444°N 65.0056694°W / 45.2516444; -65.0056694