Isle of Thanet (UK Parliament constituency)

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Isle of Thanet
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
1885–February 1974
Number of members one
Replaced by Thanet East, Thanet West

Isle of Thanet was a county constituency which returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1885, until it was abolished for the February 1974 general election.

It was located on the Isle of Thanet, in Kent.

Boundaries[edit]

1918-1950: The Municipal Boroughs of Margate, Ramsgate, and Sandwich, the Urban District of Broadstairs and St Peters, and the Rural District of Isle of Thanet.

1950-1974: The Municipal Boroughs of Margate and Ramsgate, the Urban District of Broadstairs and St Peters, and in the Rural District of Eastry the civil parishes of Acol, Minster, Monkton, St Nicholas at Wade, and Sarre.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Year Member Party
1885 Edward King-Harman Conservative
1888 James Lowther Conservative
1904 Harry Marks Conservative
1910 Norman Carlyle Craig Conservative
1919 Esmond Harmsworth Unionist
1929 Harold Balfour Unionist
1945 Edward Carson Conservative
1953 William Rees-Davies Conservative
1974 constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: Isle of Thanet [1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Rt Hon. Edward Robert King-Harman 3,381 55.9 n/a
Liberal E F Davies 2,670 44.1 n/a
Majority 711 11.8 n/a
Turnout 70.2 n/a
Conservative win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Isle of Thanet [2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Rt Hon. Edward Robert King-Harman 3,399 72.2 +16.3
Liberal Rev. E G Banks 1,311 27.8 -16.3
Majority 2,088 44.4
Turnout 59.3 -10.9
Conservative hold Swing +16.3
Isle of Thanet by-election, 1888 [3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Rt Hon. James Lowther 3,547 55.1
Liberal Hon. Edward Knatchbull-Hugessen 2,889 44.9
Majority 658 10.2
Turnout 78.2
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Isle of Thanet [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Rt Hon. James Lowther 3,901 57.7 +2.6
Liberal Heber Leonidas Hart 2,857 42.3 -26
Majority 1,044 15.4 +5.2
Turnout 68.2 -10.0
Conservative hold Swing +2.6
General Election 1895: Isle of Thanet [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Rt Hon. James Lowther unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Isle of Thanet [7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Rt Hon. James Lowther unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a
Isle of Thanet by-election, 1904 [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Harry Hananel Marks 4,048 52.5 n/a
Liberal Joseph King 3,666 47.5 n/a
Majority 382 5.0 n/a
Turnout 71.3 n/a
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1906: Isle of Thanet [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Harry Hananel Marks 5,154 51.3
Liberal Joseph King 3,961 39.5
Independent Conservative Frederick E McCormick Goodhart 925 9.2 n/a
Majority 1,193 11.8
Turnout 84.4 +13.1
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Isle of Thanet [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Norman Carlyle Craig 6,892 66.9
Liberal Julian William Wellesley Weigall 3,410 33.1
Majority 3,482 33.8
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
General Election December 1910: Isle of Thanet [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Norman Carlyle Craig unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1918: Isle of Thanet[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Norman Carlyle Craig unopposed n/a n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a
Isle of Thanet by-election, 1919[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Hon. Esmond Cecil Harmsworth 9,711 57.9 -9.0
Liberal William James West 7,058 42.1 +9.0
Majority 2,653 15.8
Turnout 52.8
Unionist hold Swing -9.0

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

1922 General Election: Isle of Thanet[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Hon. Esmond Cecil Harmsworth 16,116 61.2
Liberal Alfred Jesse Suenson-Taylor 10,226 38.8
Majority 22.4
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1923: Isle of Thanet[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Hon. Esmond Cecil Harmsworth 13,821 50.1 -11.1
Liberal Reginald Logan Rait 13,773 49.9 +11.1
Majority 48 0.2 -22.2
Turnout 69.5 +1.1
Unionist hold Swing -11.1
General Election 1924: Isle of Thanet[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Hon. Esmond Cecil Harmsworth 21,130 65.8
Liberal Arthur Fairfax Charles Coryndon Luxmoore 6,779 21.1
Labour Dudley Leigh Aman 4,202 13.1
Majority 14,351 44.7
Turnout 77.6
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1929: Isle of Thanet[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Harold Harington Balfour 22,595 52.9 -12.9
Liberal Alfred Jesse Suenson-Taylor 15,648 36.6 +15.5
Labour Edgar Joseph Plaisted 4,490 10.5 -2.6
Majority 6,947 16.3 -28.4
Turnout 73.3 -4.3
Unionist hold Swing -14.2

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Isle of Thanet[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Harold Harington Balfour 33,173 74.2
Liberal George Ivor Phillips 11,517 25.8
Majority 21,656 48.5
Turnout 44,690 73.6
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1935: Isle of Thanet[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Harold Harington Balfour unknown n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a

General Election 1939/40

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Isle of Thanet [22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Hon. Edward Carson 15,023 48.7 N/A
Labour Thomas Christopher Boyd 12,075 39.2 N/A
Liberal PJ Willmett 3,732 12.1 N/A
Majority 2,948 9.5 N/A
Turnout 30,830 69.2 N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: Isle of Thanet [23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Hon. Edward Carson 31,345 55.5
Labour Thomas Christopher Boyd 20,522 36.4
Liberal Charles John Verschoyk Wrong 4,561 8.1
Majority 10,823 19.1
Turnout 56,431 83.0
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Isle of Thanet [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Hon. Edward Carson 33,551 61.6
Labour Otto Leslie Shaw 20,892 38.4
Majority 12,659 23.2
Turnout 54,444 78.0
Conservative hold Swing
Isle of Thanet by-election, 1953[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Rupert Rees-Davies 25,261 61.3 -0.3
Labour Frank Edward Woodbridge 15,935 38.7 +0.3
Majority 9,326 22.6 -0.6
Turnout 58.7
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Isle of Thanet [26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Rupert Rees-Davies 31,270 62.2
Labour Kingston Jones 18,981 37.8
Majority 12,289 24.4
Turnout 50,251 71.9
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1959: Isle of Thanet [27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Rupert Rees-Davies 29,453 54.5
Labour Henry Arthur Fountain 17,555 32.5
Liberal George Edward MacDonald-Jones 6,998 13.0 n/a
Majority 11,898 22.0
Turnout 54,007 75.1
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1964: Isle of Thanet [28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Rupert Rees-Davies 27,870 47.7
Labour Ernest Wistrich 20,520 35.2
Liberal David Norrington 9,979 17.1
Majority 7,350 12.5
Turnout 58,369 74.2
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1966: Isle of Thanet [29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Rupert Rees-Davies 29,302 47.5
Labour Leonard John A Bishop 24,416 39.6
Liberal Frederick G Redman 7,952 12.9
Majority 4,886 7.9
Turnout 61,670 75.7
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Isle of Thanet [30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Rupert Rees-Davies 33,434 51.9
Labour Leonard John A Bishop 21,709 33.7
Liberal Tudor David Gates 7,176 11.1
Independent Conservative Ian Josephs 2,136 3.3
Majority 11,725 18.2
Turnout 64,458 72.2
Conservative hold Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  2. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  3. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  4. ^ The Constitutional Year Book, 1904, published by Conservative Central Office, page 146 (170 in web page), Kent
  5. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  6. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  7. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  8. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  9. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  10. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  11. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  12. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  13. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  14. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  15. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  16. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  17. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  18. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  19. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  20. ^ The Liberal Magazine, 1939
  21. ^ Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
  22. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949 by FWS Craig
  23. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  24. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  25. ^ http://web.archive.org/web/20121010071919/http://by-elections.co.uk/53.html
  26. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  27. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1973
  28. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1973
  29. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig
  30. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973 by FWS Craig