Islesboro, Maine

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Islesboro, Maine
Pendleton Point
Pendleton Point
Location of Islesboro (in yellow) in Waldo County, and Waldo County (red) in the state of Maine
Location of Islesboro (in yellow) in Waldo County, and Waldo County (red) in the state of Maine
Coordinates: 44°18′30″N 68°54′12″W / 44.30833°N 68.90333°W / 44.30833; -68.90333Coordinates: 44°18′30″N 68°54′12″W / 44.30833°N 68.90333°W / 44.30833; -68.90333
CountryUnited States
StateMaine
CountyWaldo
Incorporated1789
Area
 • Total68.88 sq mi (178.40 km2)
 • Land14.29 sq mi (37.01 km2)
 • Water54.59 sq mi (141.39 km2)
Elevation
30 ft (9 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total583
 • Density41/sq mi (15.8/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Code
04848
Area code207
FIPS code23-35240
GNIS feature ID0582531
Websitewww.townofislesboro.com

Islesboro is a town in Waldo County, Maine, United States, comprising Islesboro Island and several smaller islands. The population was 583 at the 2020 census.[2] It has a summer colony accessible by state ferry service from Lincolnville Beach three miles to the west, by private boat, or by air taxi service. Home to Warren Island State Park, Islesboro includes the village of Dark Harbor.

History[edit]

The Penobscot people called it Pitaubegwimenahanuk, meaning "the island that lies between two channels", although André Thevet recorded the name Aiayascon in 1556.[3] It was part of the Waldo Patent. First called Long Island Plantation, it was settled in 1769. It was incorporated as Islesborough on January 28, 1789, although over time the spelling was contracted to Islesboro.[4]

With many harbors and coves, the island was home to the largest commercial shipping fleet in the bay during the 19th century. Following the Civil War, however, Islesboro developed as a resort community, and many large and luxurious summer homes were built. Their large yachts cruised and raced throughout the Gulf of Maine. The town remains an upper-class enclave and summer colony.[5]

Geography[edit]

Islands and villages[edit]

Situated in upper Penobscot Bay, the island town separates East from West Penobscot Bay. Islesboro Island is narrow, mainly north-south and 14 miles long. Smaller islands include Job Island, Seven Hundred Acre Island, Spruce Island, Warren Island, Seal Island, Ram Island, Thrumcap, Middle Island, Minot Island, Ensign Island (#1 and #2), Lime Island, Flat Island, Hutchins Island, Little Island, Little Bermuda(?), Joe's Rock, and Birch Point. Semi-submerged features include Haskell Ledge, Minor Ledge, and Minot Island Ledge.

The main island consists of two wider landmasses separated by a narrow isthmus called The Narrows. Neighborhoods and villages (small clusters of buildings) are distributed across the two:[6]

  • Up Island, the northern landmass
    • Pripet, also known as Warren's Landing or Beckett's Landing – the historic site of a kiln and steamboat wharf
    • North Islesboro – historic village and current site of a general store
    • Ryder's Cove – historic summer vacation spot and steamboat destination
  • Down Island, the southern landmass
    • Islesboro Village, also known as Guinea Village – near Islesboro Harbor
    • Hewes Point – historic summer vacation spot and steamboat destination
    • Town Center – town offices, community center, and post office
    • Grindle Point – current ferry landing, with historic lighthouse
    • Dark Harbor – historic summer vacation spot and steamboat destination

Size and features[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 68.88 square miles (178.40 km2), of which 14.29 square miles (37.01 km2) is land and 54.59 square miles (141.39 km2) is water.[1]

There is one large pond, called Meadow Pond, in the northern portion of the Island, the work of beavers that have dammed a narrow place. Ice was once harvested from this pond for export to places as far away as India. Hewes Point was named for Paola Hewes, an early pioneer settler.[7]

Climate[edit]

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Islesboro has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830674
184077715.3%
185098426.6%
18601,27629.7%
18701,230−3.6%
18801,208−1.8%
18901,006−16.7%
1900923−8.3%
1910877−5.0%
1920637−27.4%
19306979.4%
19407183.0%
1950529−26.3%
1960444−16.1%
1970421−5.2%
198052123.8%
199057911.1%
20006034.1%
2010566−6.1%
20205833.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2010, there were 566 people, 270 households, and 161 families living in the town. The population density was 39.6 inhabitants per square mile (15.3/km2). There were 850 housing units at an average density of 59.5 per square mile (23.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.9% White, 0.7% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 0.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.9% of the population.

There were 270 households, of which 20.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.4% were non-families. Of all households 34.4% were made up of individuals, and 15.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.07 and the average family size was 2.57.

The median age in the town was 52.1 years. 17.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 3.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 17.4% were from 25 to 44; 37.5% were from 45 to 64; and 24.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 48.2% male and 51.8% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 603 people, 280 households, and 176 families living in the town. The population density was 42.3 people per square mile (16.3/km2). There were 741 housing units at an average density of 52.0 per square mile (20.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.18% White, 0.17% African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.50% from other races, and 0.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.33% of the population.

There were 280 households, out of which 25.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.2% were married couples living together, 5.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.8% were non-families. Of all households 30.7% were made up of individuals, and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.69.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 20.2% under the age of 18, 3.3% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 31.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $39,643, and the median income for a family was $48,750. Males had a median income of $35,000 versus $24,750 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,653. About 5.5% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.3% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Schoolchildren in Islesboro, ME boarding the ferry.

Islesboro Central School is one of four island schools in Maine that cover all grades (K–12), the others being North Haven, Vinalhaven, and Mount Desert Island. It is also unique that it allows mainland students to pay tuition to attend from grades 5 through 12.[12][13][14] The "magnet" students, and some teachers, who live on the mainland take the ferry across every morning where they are met with a school bus to take them to school. Students come from a range of midcoast towns to attend ICS. The number of the students in the school fluctuates, but is around 100 students in kindergarten through 12th grade.

The school is a member of the Busline League for middle school sports, and is in Class D, South, in the Maine Principals' Association. The competitive sports offered through the school include cross country running, sailing, soccer, basketball, and Ultimate Frisbee.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-12-20. Retrieved 2012-12-16.
  2. ^ "Census - Geography Profile: Islesboro town, Waldo County, Maine". Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  3. ^ "Islesboro, Maine". andrew.fi. Retrieved 2021-03-04.
  4. ^ Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts: A.J. Coolidge. pp. 162–163. coolidge mansfield history description new england 1859.
  5. ^ Varney, George J. (1886). "Islesborough". Gazetteer of the state of Maine. Boston: Russell.
  6. ^ Town of Islesboro. "DRAFT Comprehensive Plan 2017, Section II: Islesboro 2030 Guiding Statement" (PDF).
  7. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 155.
  8. ^ Climate Summary for Islesboro, Maine
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-16.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. ^ "Mainland students pulled to island school". 18 November 2011.
  13. ^ "Watery Commute". 9 February 2015.
  14. ^ "Islesboro School's Island Magnetism". 3 June 2014.
  15. ^ Kirstie Alley
  16. ^ Activities, United States Congress Senate Select Committee on Presidential Campaign (1973). Presidential Campaign Activities of 1972, Senate Resolution 60: Watergate and Related Activities : Hearings, Ninety-third Congress, First-[second] Session ... U.S. Government Printing Office.
  17. ^ "Family tree of Joan Douglas DILLON".
  18. ^ Ruth Draper
  19. ^ "Charles Dana Gibson home, Islesboro, 1937". Maine Memory Network. Retrieved 2022-03-29.
  20. ^ "Goodreads Dark Harbor: Building House and Home on an Enchanted Island".
  21. ^ a b Tour John Travolta and Kelly Preston's Shingle Style Home in Maine | Architectural Digest Retrieved 2017-04-27.
  22. ^ http://islesborocommunitycenter.org/documents/WAAG_August5.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  23. ^ Train, Frances (2019). Edd Tide. Bloominton, IN: iUniverse. p. 184. ISBN 9781532069567.
  24. ^ "Main(e) Point Books to Open This Summer". the American Booksellers Association. 2018-05-08. Retrieved 2022-05-05.

External links[edit]