Islington North (UK Parliament constituency)

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Islington North
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Islington North in Greater London.
County Greater London
Electorate 68,777 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of parliament Jeremy Corbyn (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Finsbury
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency London

Islington North /ˈɪzlɪŋtən nɔːθ/ is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1983 by Jeremy Corbyn of the Labour Party.[n 1] Corbyn has been Leader of the Labour Party and the Opposition since September 2015. If the 2016 recommendations of the Boundary Commission for England and Wales are approved by Parliament, the constituency will be abolished at the 2020 general election.

At 735 hectares (1,820 acres), it is the smallest UK Parliamentary constituency.[2]

Boundaries[edit]

1885–1918[edit]

Islington North in London 1885–1918

The seat was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, as one of four divisions of the new parliamentary borough of Islington. The constituency was defined in the legislation as consisting of the single ward of Upper Holloway of the parish of Islington. The ward was one of eight used in the election of Islington vestrymen under the Metropolis Management Act 1855.[3][4]

1918–1950[edit]

Islington North in London 1918–50
Islington Met. B Ward Map 1916.svg

Under the next redistribution of seats by the Representation of the People Act 1918 constituencies in the County of London were defined in terms of wards of the metropolitan boroughs created in 1900. Islington North comprised three wards of the Metropolitan Borough of Islington: Tollington, Tufnell and Upper Holloway.[4][5]

1950–1974[edit]

Islington North in London 1950–74

At the next redistribution of seats by the Representation of the People Act 1948 the constituency was again defined as Tollington, Tufnell and Upper Holloway wards of the Metropolitan Borough of Islington, with boundaries as they existed at the end of 1947.[4][6]

1974–1983[edit]

In 1965 local government in Greater London was reorganised, with the formation of London boroughs. The changes were reflected in parliamentary boundaries from 1974. The London Borough of Islington was divided into three constituencies. Islington North was defined as comprising seven wards: Highview, Hillmarton, Hillrise, Junction, Parkway, St. George's and Station.[4][7]

1983–1997[edit]

In 1983 the parliamentary representation of Islington was reduced to two constituencies. The new, enlarged, Islington North was formed from ten wards of the borough as they existed in February 1983. These were Gillespie, Highbury, Highview, Hillrise, Junction, Mildmay, Quadrant, St. George's, Sussex and Tollington wards.[8]

1997–2010[edit]

In 1997 there were only slight boundary changes, with the constituency defined as the same ten wards with their boundaries as they existed on 1 June 1994.[9]

Since 2010[edit]

The seat covers the northern half of the London Borough of Islington, which includes the areas of Holloway, Highbury, Tufnell Park and Archway.

The constituency now comprises eight wards:

Finsbury Park, Highbury East, Highbury West, Hillrise, Junction, Mildmay, St. George's and Tollington.[10]

These boundaries have been considerably changed since 1970, when Islington returned three MPs and shared another with Hackney. This reflects the depopulation of central London as people move to the suburbs and the local authority has sought to obtain lower housing densities. The core of the constituency was the area north of Seven Sisters Road and Camden Road.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[11] Party
1885 Sir George Trout Bartley Conservative
1906 David Waterlow Liberal
1910 Sir George Touche Conservative
1918 Sir Newton Moore Unionist
1923 Sir Henry Cowan Unionist
1929 Robert Young Labour
1931 Albert Goodman Conservative
1937 Leslie Haden-Guest Labour
1950 Moelwyn Hughes Labour
1951 Wilfred Fienburgh Labour
1958 Gerry Reynolds Labour
1969 Michael O'Halloran Labour
1981 SDP
1983 Independent Labour
1983 Jeremy Corbyn Labour

Election results[edit]

Elections:   2010s   2000s   1990s   1980s   1970s   1960s   1950s   1940s   1930s   1920s   1910s

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Islington North[12][13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jeremy Corbyn 29,659 60.2 +5.8
Conservative Alex Burghart 8,465 17.2 +3.0
Green Caroline Russell 5,043 10.2 +7.2
Liberal Democrat Julian Gregory 3,984 8.1 -18.6
UKIP Greg Clough 1,971 4.0 +2.4
Socialist (GB) Bill Martin 112 0.2 N/A
Majority 21,194 43.0 +15.2
Turnout 49,234 67.1 +1.7
Labour hold Swing +1.4
General Election 2010: Islington North[15][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jeremy Corbyn 24,276 54.5 +3.3
Liberal Democrat Rhodri Jamieson-Ball 11,875 26.7 −3.2
Conservative Adrian Berrill-Cox 6,339 14.2 +2.4
Green Emma Dixon 1,348 3.0 −4.1
UKIP Dominic Lennon 716 1.6 N/A
Majority 12,401 27.8
Turnout 44,554 65.4 +11.5
Labour hold Swing +3.3

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Islington North[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jeremy Corbyn 16,118 51.2 −10.7
Liberal Democrat Laura Willoughby 9,402 29.9 +10.9
Conservative Nicola Talbot 3,740 11.9 +1.1
Green Jon Nott 2,234 7.1 +0.9
Majority 6,716 21.3
Turnout 31,494 53.9 +5.1
Labour hold Swing −10.8
General Election 2001: Islington North[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jeremy Corbyn 18,699 61.9 −7.4
Liberal Democrat Laura Willoughby 5,741 19.0 +5.4
Conservative Neil Rands 3,249 10.8 −2.2
Green Christopher Michael Ashby 1,876 6.2 +2.0
Socialist Labour Stephen Cook 512 1.7 N/A
Reform 2000 Party Emine Hassan 139 0.5 N/A
Majority 12,958 42.9
Turnout 30,216 48.8 −13.7
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Islington North[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jeremy Corbyn 24,834 69.3 +11.9
Liberal Democrat James Kempton 4,879 13.6 −1.5
Conservative Simon Fawthrop 4,631 12.9 −10.8
Green Christopher Michael Ashby 1,516 4.2 +0.4
Majority 19,955 55.6
Turnout 35,860 62.5
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1992: Islington North[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jeremy Corbyn 21,742 57.4 +7.4
Conservative Lurline Champagnie 8,958 23.7 −1.6
Liberal Democrat Sarah Ludford 5,732 15.1 −6.7
Green Christopher Michael Ashby 1,420 3.8 +0.9
Majority 12,784 33.7
Turnout 37,852 66.6
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Islington North[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jeremy Corbyn 19,577 50.0 +9.6
Conservative Ernest George Noad 9,920 25.3 0.0
Social Democratic Alan Whelan 8,560 21.8 −0.6
Green Christopher Michael Ashby 1,131 2.9 N/A
Majority 9,657 24.7
Turnout 38,488 66.5
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Islington North[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jeremy Corbyn 14,951 40.4 −12.2
Conservative David A. Coleman 9,344 25.3 −8.3
Social Democratic John Grant 8,268 22.4 +13.5
Independent Labour Michael Joseph O'Halloran 4,091 11.1 N/A
BNP L. A. D. Bearsford-Walker 176 0.5 N/A
Independent Roy A. J. Lincoln 134 0.4 N/A
Majority 5,607 15.1
Turnout 36,964 66.5
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Michael Joseph O'Halloran 12,317 52.6 −5.3
Conservative N. Kerr 7,861 33.6 +6.1
Liberal K. Clarke 2,079 8.9 −3.3
National Front S. Hook 501 2.1 N/A
Socialist Unity M. Simpson 438 1.9 N/A
Workers Revolutionary R. McCullogh 217 0.9 N/A
Majority 4,456 19.0
Turnout 23,413 61.2
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Michael Joseph O'Halloran 12,973 57.9 +6.6
Conservative Marquess of Douro 6,155 27.5 +1.7
Liberal M. Davenport 2,736 12.2 −5.1
Labour and Democrat D. Fallon 558 2.5 +0.3
Majority 6,818 30.4 +4.9
Turnout 54.2 −8.9
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Michael Joseph O'Halloran 13,332 51.3 −7.4
Conservative Mark Wolfson 6,704 25.8 −9.8
Liberal M. Davenport 4,503 17.3 N/A
National Front J. Score 871 3.4 −2.2
Labour and Democrat D. Fallon 570 2.2 N/A
Majority 6,628 25.5
Turnout 63.1
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1970: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Michael Joseph O'Halloran 13,010 58.7
Conservative D. Andrew Pearce 7,862 35.6
National Front Brian Green 1,232 5.6
Majority 5,148 23.3
Turnout 49.0
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

Islington North by-election, 1969
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Michael Joseph O'Halloran 7,288 49.2 −10.2
Conservative D. Andrew Pearce 5,754 38.9 +8.2
Liberal Eric G. Thwaites 1,514 10.2 +0.4
Independent Socialist Austin Williams 245 1.7 N/A
Majority 1,534 10.4 −18.4
Turnout 14,801
Labour hold Swing −9.2
General Election 1966: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gerald William Reynolds 16,188 59.46
Conservative Michael Wolfgang Laurence Morris 8,357 30.69
Liberal Eric G. Thwaites 2,682 9.85
Majority 7,831 28.76
Turnout 54.23
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gerald William Reynolds 15,525 55.31
Conservative Victor Lyon 8,912 31.75
Liberal Eric G. Thwaites 3,634 12.95
Majority 6,613 23.56
Turnout 54.70
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gerald William Reynolds 18,718 55.8 −11.0
Conservative Ronald Bartle 14,820 44.2 +13.9
Majority 3,898 11.6 −26.3
Turnout 33,538 62.0
Labour hold Swing −12.5
Islington North by-election, 1958
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gerald William Reynolds 13,159 66.8 +6.4
Conservative Ronald Bartle 5,968 30.3 −9.4
Ind. Labour Party Jim McKie 576 2.9 N/A
Majority 7,461 37.9 +17.2
Turnout 19,703
Labour hold Swing +7.9
General Election 1955: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Wilfred Fienburgh 22,100 60.3 +0.7
Conservative Euan Mackinnon 14,522 39.7 −0.7
Majority 7,578 20.7 +1.4
Turnout 64.7 −13.1
Labour hold Swing +0.7
General Election 1951: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Wilfred Fienburgh 27,406 59.6 +1.7
Conservative Rodney Graham Page 18,541 40.4 +3.2
Majority 8,865 19.3 −1.4
Turnout 45,947 77.8 +0.8
Labour hold Swing −0.8
General Election 1950: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ronw Moelwyn Hughes 26,354 57.9 −9.5
Conservative Rodney Graham Page 16,935 37.2 +4.6
Liberal Robert Eric Burns 2,189 4.8 N/A
Majority 9,419 20.7 −14.1
Turnout 45,478 76.7 +9.5
Labour hold Swing −7.1

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Leslie Haden-Guest 23,234 67.4 +14.9
Conservative Charles Arthur Uryan Rhys 11,240 32.6 −14.9
Majority 11,994 34.8 +29.8
Turnout 67.2 +26.8
Labour hold Swing +14.9

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

Islington North by-election, 1937
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Leslie Haden-Guest 13,523 52.5 +6.9
Conservative Wilfrid Hart Sugden 12,227 47.5 −6.9
Majority 1,296 5.0
Turnout 27,750 40.4 −19.3
Labour gain from Conservative Swing 6.9
General Election 1935: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Albert William Goodman 20,744 54.44
Labour Robert Stanley Young 17,359 45.56
Majority 3,385 8.88
Turnout 59.69
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Albert William Goodman 28,790 66.07
Labour Robert Stanley Young 14,783 33.93
Majority 14,007 32.15
Turnout 66.54
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Robert Stanley Young 18,272 41.8 +6.5
Unionist Gordon Cosmo Touche 15,207 34.8 -9.6
Liberal Domini Crosfield 10,210 23.4 +3.1
Majority 3,065 7.0 -2.1
Turnout 68.0 -4.2
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +8.0
General Election 1924: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist William Henry Cowan 15,562 44.4
Labour E G Culpin 12,376 35.3
Liberal Norman Thomas Carr Sargant 7,136 20.3
Majority 3,186
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
Sir Henry Cowan
General Election 1923: Islington North [23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist William Henry Cowan 10,802 36.5 -10.5
Liberal Norman Thomas Carr Sargant 10,219 34.6 +9.4
Labour George Bennett 8,556 28.9 +1.1
Majority 583 1.9 -17.3
Turnout 61.6 +0.5
Unionist hold Swing -10.0
General Election 1922: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Newton James Moore 13,520 47.0
Labour Edith Picton-Turbervill 7,993 27.8 n/a
Liberal Norman Thomas Carr Sargant 7,256 25.2
Majority 5,527 19.2
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Moore
General Election 1918: Islington North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist 14,183 68.5
British Socialist Party John Arnall 4,000 19.3 n/a
Liberal Norman Thomas Carr Sargant 2,529 12.2
Majority 10,183 49.2
Turnout 18,412 49.6
Unionist hold Swing
  • endorsed by Coalition Government
Touche
General Election December 1910 Islington North [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Alexander Touche 5,428 51.9
Liberal David Sydney Waterlow 5,022 48.1
Majority 406 3.8
Turnout 10,450 82.4
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
General Election January 1910 Islington North [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal David Sydney Waterlow
Conservative George Alexander Touche
Majority
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Waterlow
General Election 1906 Islington North [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal David Sydney Waterlow 5,284
Conservative George Trout Bartley 4,418
Majority
Turnout
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1900 Islington North [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Trout Bartley
Liberal
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

Further information[edit]

Michael O'Halloran, elected Labour MP for Islington North in 1969, was the subject of an investigation in the early 1970s by The Sunday Times newspaper. They highlighted his background with a local building company and the local Irish community and queried the tactics of his supporters during his selection as candidate.

O'Halloran joined the SDP in September 1981, as did both of the other Islington MPs. However the Boundary Commission cut the number of constituencies in Islington from three to two. O'Halloran sought selection as the SDP candidate for the revised Islington North constituency but the local SDP association selected John Grant, then SDP (elected as Labour) MP for Islington Central, as its official candidate. In February 1983, O'Halloran resigned his membership of the SDP and sat in Parliament as an "Independent Labour" member, supporting the Parliamentary Labour Party. Despite this, he failed to regain the Labour Party nomination for the 1983 General Election and he was defeated by the new Labour candidate, Jeremy Corbyn, coming fourth with 11.1% of the vote.

Corbyn defeated Paul Boateng for the Labour Party selection. Boateng subsequently became the first black cabinet minister in the UK.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Parliamentary constituencies, UK Parliament official website. Accessed 12 August 2015.
  3. ^ Redistribution Of Seats Act, 1885. Sixth Schedule. Divisions Of Boroughs. Number, Names, Contents, And Boundaries Of Divisions.
  4. ^ a b c d Youngs, Frederic A, Jr. (1979). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.I: Southern England. London: Royal Historical Society. pp. 743, 746, 749. ISBN 0-901050-67-9. 
  5. ^ Representation Of The People Act 1918. Ninth Schedule. Redistribution Of Seats.
  6. ^ Representation Of The People Act 1948, First Schedule. Parliamentary Constituencies.
  7. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1970 (S.I. 1970/1674)
  8. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983 (S.I. 1983/417)
  9. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995/1626)". legislation.gov.uk. The National Archives. Retrieved 27 May 2013. 
  10. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007 (S.I. 2007/1681)". legislation.gov.uk. The National Archives. Retrieved 27 May 2013. 
  11. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "T" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  12. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  13. ^ Islington Council Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ General Election - Campaign News Socialist Party of Great Britain, 15 January 2015
  15. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  16. ^ Islington Council Archived March 3, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  17. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  18. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  19. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  20. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  21. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  22. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  23. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig
  24. ^ a b c d British Parliamentary Election Results 1885–1918, FWS Craig

Bibliography[edit]

  • Iain Dale, ed. (2003). The Times House of Commons 1929, 1931, 1935. Politico's (reprint). ISBN 1-84275-033-X. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1945. The Times. 1945. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1950. The Times. 1950. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1955. The Times. 1955. 
  • Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X. 
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Camberwell and Peckham
Constituency represented by the Leader of the Opposition
2015–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent

Coordinates: 51°33′40″N 0°06′50″W / 51.561°N 0.114°W / 51.561; -0.114