Islington South and Finsbury (UK Parliament constituency)
|Islington South and Finsbury|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Islington South and Finsbury in Greater London.
|Electorate||67,613 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Emily Thornberry (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Islington South West, and Shoreditch and Finsbury|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
1974–1983: The London Borough of Islington wards of Barnsbury, Bunhill, Clerkenwell, Pentonville, St Mary, St Peter, and Thornhill.
1983–2010: As above, save that Pentonville was abolished and Canonbury East, Canonbury West, Hillmarton, Holloway were created or added to the seat.
2010–present: As above minus Hillmarton, and Thornhill; plus Caledonian ward; note Canonbury East and West ward from this date merged into Canonbury.
The seat covers the southern part of the London Borough of Islington, including Barnsbury, Canonbury, major parts of Holloway, Kings Cross and the former area of the Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury, which includes Bunhill, Pentonville and Clerkenwell.
Islington South and Finsbury was created in 1974 from part of the former Islington South West and Shoreditch and Finsbury constituencies. In 1983 its boundaries changed when the Islington Central constituency was abolished and its area split between Islington South and Finsbury and Islington North.
- Political history
Islington was an early stronghold for the Social Democratic Party in which all three sitting Labour MPs defected to the party together with a majority of the Borough Council.[n 3] However, in spite of their less radical position than the Labour Party of the era, they won only one seat to Labour's 59 in the 1982 Islington Council elections and in the 1983 general election, Labour managed to retain the constituency narrowly. The new MP, Chris Smith was the first MP to come out as gay and was identified with the Labour left, and kept the seat with a slight increase in his majority in 1987. By 1992 the post-merged SDP, the Liberal Democrats, had locally faded and no longer had the former MP as a candidate and Smith managed to win a majority exceeding 10,000 votes.
The Liberal Democrat revival in local elections in Islington, which saw them take control of the council in 2000, began to translate to Parliamentary elections in 2001. In 2002, the Liberal Democrats won every council seat in Islington South and Finsbury, and Smith's subsequent retirement and the resultant loss of incumbency made the constituency vulnerable once again in 2005. However Smith's successor, Emily Thornberry, retained the seat with a narrow majority (484 votes) over the Liberal Democrat challenger, Barnsbury Councilor Bridget Fox. — the seat therefore became one of the ten most marginal in Britain. However, in the local council elections a year later, Labour made an almost full recovery locally and won a majority of the seats in Islington South and Finsbury, defeating both Bridget Fox and the then council leader Steve Hitchins. At the 2010 general election, Thornberry increased her majority over Fox. In 2014 the Liberal Democrats lost all their remaining seats on the Council. The 2015 result made the seat the 93rd safest of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.
The area is wholly urban but features a few small public greens which are family-friendly. The proximity and connectedness to the City of London mean the seat has a relatively high proportion of its electorate who are young workers in the city and contains many complimentary-course or white-painted brickwork — very rarely ostentatious stucco-clad — apartments and townhouses typically with attractive railings frequently lived in by high-income workers in the central or flagship operations of the public sector, critics, entertainers and writers. It contains a small minority of residences that are Victorian and early 20th century rehousing developments to replace poor housing closer to the city itself and in the east end of London or late twentieth century (largely former) social housing.
The constituency has been described as:
'A part-grand, part-poor metaphor for New Labour; Tony Blair lived here prior to his election as prime minister. Its dinner tables are routinely maligned as the natural habitat of the hypocritical, well-off, ostensibly liberal "chattering classes".'
'...a seat sometimes seen as the citadel of constitutional reform.'— 2010, The Guardian
Members of Parliament
|Feb 1974||George Cunningham||Labour|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Alain Desmier||5,809||12.1||+1.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Terry Stacy||4,829||10.9||−23.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Bridget Fox||14,838||34.1||−4.2|
|English Democrat||John Dodds||301||0.7||N/A|
|Animals Count||Richard Deboo||149||0.3||N/A|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Bridget Fox||11,861||38.3||+10.2|
|Monster Raving Loony||Andy "the Hat" Gardner||189||0.6||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Keith Sharp||7,937||28.1||+6.8|
|Socialist Alliance||Janine Booth||817||2.9||N/A|
|Stuckist Party||Charles Thomson||108||0.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Sarah Ludford||7,516||21.3|
|Natural Law||Martin Creese||121||0.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Christopher Pryce||9,387||23.3|
|Justice From British Rail||Rhona Hersey||149||0.37|
|Monster Raving Loony||Marie Avino||142||0.35|
|Natural Law||Michael Avino||83||0.21|
Elections in the 1980s
|Social Democratic||George Cunningham||15,706||38.10|
|Socialist (GB)||Stephen Dowsett||81||0.20|
|Social Democratic||George Cunningham||13,097||35.33|
|National Front||John Donegan||341||0.92|
|Islington and Finsbury Party||J. Murphy||102||0.28|
|Socialist (GB)||Clifford Slapper||85||0.23|
Elections in the 1970s
|National Front||Paul Kavanagh||824||3.41||N/A|
|New Britain||Dennis Delderfield||136||0.56||N/A|
|Socialist (GB)||Ralph Critchfield||78||0.32||N/A|
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in Greater London
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in Islington
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- This was at the time when the Labour Party voted for in Conference leaving the EEC (Common Market) and abolishing nuclear weapons during the Cold War which largely triggered the split.
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- http://data.london.gov.uk/documents/LBCE_1982-5-6.pdf pp.40–41
- Personal Website of Bridget Fox
- LDA website document 488
- List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- "Constituency Profile" 2005, The Guardian
- Wintour, Patrick (25 November 2010). "Labour big beasts say no to voting reform". The Guardian.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "I"
- "Islington South & Finsbury parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-01-21.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- BBC News http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/election2010/results/constituency/c37.stm. Missing or empty
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.