Ismael Kiram II

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Esmail D. Kiram II
Sultan of Sulu
Reign March 12, 2001 – present
Coronation Jolo, Sulu by 50,000 Raayats
Predecessor Jamalul Kiram III (abdicated)
Heir apparent Agbimuddin Kiram
Regent Sultan of Sulu
Reign 2001–present
Royal succession March 12, 2001
Issue Hadja Leonor Sakiral Kiram
Full name
Esmail Dalus Strattan Kiram
House Royal House of Kiram
Father Datu Punjungan Kiram
Born (1939-11-09) November 9, 1939 (age 75)
Maimbung, Sulu, Philippines
Religion Sunni Islam

Ismael Kiram II (also spelled as Esmail Kiram II) (born Esmail Dalus Strattan Kiram on November 9, 1939, in Maimbung, Sulu) is the reigning sultan of Sulu[1] in the Philippines. Sultan Esmail D. Kiram II ascended the throne on March 12, 2001. Jamalul Kiram III was subsequently abdicated for leaving Sulu after his coronation in 1986. Sultan Jamalul likewise abrogated the authority of the Philippine government to retake Sabah from Malaysia in 1989. Sultan Jamalul Kiram III's death changes nothing in the hierarchy, being an abdicated sultan was allowed to undertake the supposed homecoming of Raja Muda Agbimuddin Kiram in Sabah, which turn bloody when the Malaysian forces rounded up the group of Raja Muda Agbimuddin when they illegally intrude Sabah. Around 68 of his followers died during the standoff.[2] Shortly after, upon the death of Jamalul Kiram III, Agbimuddin Kiram was restored as Rajah Muda of Sultan Esmail Kiram II being mistaken next in line to Jamalul Kiram III to the succession of the throne. Sultan Esmail D. Kiram II, through the unanimous approval of the Royal House of Kiram.[clarification needed] He was designated by the elders of Sulu as sultan in 1999 and was subsequently crowned on March 12, 2001,[3] as his older brother Jamalul Kiram III moved to Manila after his coronation in 1986 for the latter's dialysis treatment. Other unrecognised heirs and pretenders to the throne continue to claim the heritage of the now-politically defunct but traditionally and culturally alive sultanate.[4] He is the younger brother of Jamalul Kiram III.

In November 2012, Jamalul Kiram III was elected to take over Sabah, as leader being abdicated is regarded as Sultan of Sulu. Ismael Kiram II allowed him as his co-coregent, as Jamalul lives in Taguig City, Manila, far away from Sulu. Ismael, as the reigning sultan, administers the sultanate's court in Sulu.[3] The nonexistent title was used to address Sultan Esmail as "Sultan Bantilan" or "Caretaker Sultan" of Sulu was a misnomer since the Sultan title is fixed once crowned and therefore a violation of the law of succession to be called caretaker.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chronological Self Rule and Sultanate". Provincial Government of Sulu, Philippines. Retrieved February 16, 2013. 
  2. ^ Kronologi pencerobohon Lahad Datu (video) (in Malay). Astro Awani. February 15, 2014. Event occurs at 1:20. Retrieved February 27, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b Ortigas, Marga (February 8, 2008). "Philippine sultans bid to reclaim lost kingdom". Al Jazeera. Retrieved March 23, 2013. 
  4. ^ Aning, Jerome. "Newest sultan of Sulu causes stir in Malaysia". Inquirer. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  5. ^ Ramos & Calleja, Marlon. "Sabah pullout talks begin". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved May 12, 2013. 
Ismael Kiram II
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Mohammad Akijal Atti
— TITULAR —
Regent Sultan of Sulu
1999
with Jamalul Kiram III as Sultan of Sulu 1986 to 2000 abdicated after 14 years for violation of the law of succession
Reason for succession failure:
Sultanate abolished in 1917
Incumbent
Heir:
Agbimuddin Kiram