Ismael Kiram II

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Esmail D. Kiram II
Reign 12 March 2001 – 19 September 2015
Coronation Jolo, Sulu by 50,000 Raayats[citation needed]
Predecessor Jamalul Kiram III (abdicated)
Heir apparent Agbimuddin Kiram
Regent Sultan of Sulu
Reign 2001–2015
Royal succession 12 March 2001
Born (1939-11-09)9 November 1939
Maimbung, Sulu, Commonwealth of the Philippines
Died 19 September 2015(2015-09-19) (aged 75)
Maimbung, Sulu
Issue Hadja Leonor Sakiral Kiram
Full name
Esmail Dalus Strattan Kiram
House Royal House of Kiram
Father Datu Punjungan Kiram
Religion Sunni Islam

Ismael Kiram II (also spelled as Esmail Kiram II) (9 November 1939 – 19 September 2015) was a self-proclaimed Sultan of the defunct-Sultanate of Sulu (now part of Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia)[1] from 12 March 2001 until his death.[2]


Jamalul Kiram III was subsequently abdicated for leaving Sulu after his coronation in 1986. Self-proclaimed Sultan, Jamalul likewise abrogated the authority of the Philippine government to retake Sabah from Malaysia in 1989. Jamalul Kiram III's death changes nothing in the hierarchy, being an abdicated sultan was allowed to undertake the supposed homecoming[according to whom?] of Raja Muda Agbimuddin Kiram in Sabah,[vague] which turn bloody when the Malaysian forces rounded up the group of Raja Muda Agbimuddin when they illegally intrude Sabah. Around 68 of his followers died during the standoff.[3] Shortly after, upon the death of Jamalul Kiram III, Agbimuddin Kiram was restored as Rajah Muda of Esmail Kiram II being mistaken next in line to Jamalul Kiram III to the succession of the throne. Esmail D. Kiram II, through no approval of the Royal House of Kiram.[clarification needed] He proclaimed himself as Sultan in 1999 and was subsequently crowned on 12 March 2001,[4] as his older brother Jamalul Kiram III moved to Manila after his coronation in 1986 for the latter's dialysis treatment. Other unrecognised heirs and pretenders to the throne continue to claim the heritage of the now-politically defunct but traditionally and culturally alive sultanate.[5] He is the younger brother of Jamalul Kiram III who were both sons of Datu Punjungan Kiram the second son of late Sultan Mawallil Wasit.

In November 2012, Jamalul Kiram III was elected to take over Sabah, as leader being abdicated is regarded as Sultan of Sulu. Ismael Kiram II allowed him as his co-coregent, as Jamalul lives in Taguig City, Manila, far away from Sulu. Ismael, as the reigning sultan, administers the sultanate's court in Sulu.[4] The nonexistent title was used to address Esmail as "Sultan Bantilan" or "Caretaker Sultan" of Sulu however it was a violation of the law of succession to be called caretaker.[6]


  1. ^ "Chronological Self Rule and Sultanate". Provincial Government of Sulu, Philippines. Retrieved 16 February 2013. 
  2. ^ Floyd Whaley (21 September 2015). "Esmail Kiram II, Self-Proclaimed Sultan of Sulu, Dies at 75". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 October 2015. 
  3. ^ Kronologi pencerobohon Lahad Datu (video) (in Malay). Astro Awani. 15 February 2014. Event occurs at 1:20. Retrieved 27 February 2014. 
  4. ^ a b Ortigas, Marga (8 February 2008). "Philippine sultans bid to reclaim lost kingdom". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 23 March 2013. 
  5. ^ Aning, Jerome. "Newest sultan of Sulu causes stir in Malaysia". Inquirer. Retrieved 15 February 2013. 
  6. ^ Ramos & Calleja, Marlon. "Sabah pullout talks begin". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
Ismael Kiram II
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Mohammad Akijal Atti
Regent Sultan of Sulu
with Jamalul Kiram III as self-proclaimed Sultan of Sulu 1986 to 2000 abdicated after 14 years for violation of the law of succession
Reason for succession failure:
Sultanate abolished in 1915
Agbimuddin Kiram