Ismael Kiram II

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Esmail Kiram II
Pretender
Born (1939-11-09)9 November 1939
Maimbung, Sulu, Commonwealth of the Philippines
Died 19 September 2015(2015-09-19) (aged 75)
Maimbung, Sulu
Regnal name claimed Sultan Esmail D. Kiram III of Sulu
Title(s) Sultan of Sulu
Throne(s) claimed Royal Sultanate of Sulu
Pretend from 12 March 2001 – 19 September 2015
Monarchy abolished 1915
Last monarch Jamalul Kiram II
Connection with Father
Royal House Royal House of Kiram
Father Datu Punjungan Kiram
Mother Sharif Usna Dalus Strattan
Predecessor Mohammad Akijal Atti
Successor Agbimuddin Kiram
Political sovereignty rights over Sulu were transferred in 1851;[citation needed] Sovereignty rights over North Borneo were transferred by Sulu Sultanate heirs in 1962;[1] The abolition of the Royal Sultanate of Sulu in 1936 did not abolish the Sultanate nor his line of succession.[citation needed] In 1962, Philippine Government again officially recognised the continued existence of the Royal Sultanate of Sulu.[citation needed]

Ismael ibni Punjungan Kiram II (also spelled as Esmail Kiram II) (9 November 1939 – 19 September 2015) was a self-proclaimed Sultan of the Sultanate of Sulu (now part of Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia)[2] from 12 March 2001 until his death.[3]

Biography[edit]

Jamalul Kiram III was subsequently abdicated for leaving Sulu after his coronation in 1986. Self-proclaimed Sultan, Jamalul likewise abrogated the authority of the Philippine government to retake Sabah from Malaysia in 1989. Jamalul Kiram III's death changes nothing in the hierarchy, being an abdicated sultan was allowed to undertake the supposed homecoming[according to whom?] of Raja Muda Agbimuddin Kiram in Sabah,[vague] which turn bloody when the Malaysian forces rounded up the group of Raja Muda Agbimuddin when they illegally intrude Sabah. Around 68 of his followers died during the standoff.[4] Shortly after, upon the death of Jamalul Kiram III, Agbimuddin Kiram was restored as Rajah Muda of Esmail Kiram II being mistaken next in line to Jamalul Kiram III to the succession of the throne. Esmail D. Kiram II, through no approval of the Royal House of Kiram.[clarification needed] He proclaimed himself as Sultan in 1999 and was subsequently crowned on 12 March 2001,[5] as his older brother Jamalul Kiram III moved to Manila after his coronation in 1986 for the latter's dialysis treatment. Other unrecognised heirs and pretenders to the throne continue to claim the heritage of the now-politically defunct but traditionally and culturally alive sultanate.[6] He is the younger brother of Jamalul Kiram III who were both sons of Datu Punjungan Kiram the second son of late Sultan Mawallil Wasit.

In November 2012, Jamalul Kiram III was elected to take over Sabah, as leader being abdicated is regarded as Sultan of Sulu. Ismael Kiram II allowed him as his co-coregent, as Jamalul lives in Taguig City, Manila, far away from Sulu. Ismael, as the reigning sultan, administers the sultanate's court in Sulu.[5] The nonexistent title was used to address Esmail as "Sultan Bantilan" or "Caretaker Sultan" of Sulu however it was a violation of the law of succession to be called caretaker.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cession and transfer of the territory of North Borneo by His Highness, Sultan Mohammad Esmail Kiram, Sultan of Sulu, acting with the consent and aprroval of the Ruma Bechara, in council assembled, to the Republic of the Philippines". Government of the Philippines. 24 April 1962. Archived from the original on 7 February 2016. Retrieved 7 February 2016. 
  2. ^ "Chronological Self Rule and Sultanate". Provincial Government of Sulu, Philippines. Retrieved 16 February 2013. 
  3. ^ Floyd Whaley (21 September 2015). "Esmail Kiram II, Self-Proclaimed Sultan of Sulu, Dies at 75". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 October 2015. 
  4. ^ Kronologi pencerobohon Lahad Datu (video) (in Malay). Astro Awani. 15 February 2014. Event occurs at 1:20. Retrieved 27 February 2014. 
  5. ^ a b Ortigas, Marga (8 February 2008). "Philippine sultans bid to reclaim lost kingdom". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 23 March 2013. 
  6. ^ Aning, Jerome. "Newest sultan of Sulu causes stir in Malaysia". Inquirer. Retrieved 15 February 2013. 
  7. ^ Ramos & Calleja, Marlon. "Sabah pullout talks begin". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
Ismael Kiram II
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Mohammad Akijal Atti
— TITULAR —
Regent Sultan of Sulu
1999
with Jamalul Kiram III as self-proclaimed Sultan of Sulu 1986 to 2000 abdicated after 14 years for violation of the law of succession
Reason for succession failure:
Sultanate abolished in 1915
Incumbent
Heir:
Agbimuddin Kiram