Ismail (name)

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PronunciationArabic: [ˈʔɪsmaːˈʕiːl]
Turkish: [ismɑil]
Persian: [esmɒːʔiːl]
MeaningHeard by God, Gift from God
Other names
Alternative spellingEsmail
Related namesHebrew ישמעאל

Ismail (Arabic: إسماعيل‎, ʼIsmāʻīl) is an Arabic given name. It corresponds to the English name Ishmael.

Etymology and meaning[edit]

The literal translation of the name Ismail is heard by Allah or God has heard and according to Islamic tradition, it refers to the yearning of Ibrahim and his wife, Sarah, to have a child. Ismail's mother, however, was not Sarah, but Hagar, Sarah's maidservant, who Sarah gave to Ibrahim as a concubine because she was unable to have a child. Sarah later does give birth to a son, Isaac.

According to Genesis, the name is given by God as he heard the cries of Hagar who had been mistreated by Sarah after becoming pregnant and run away.

According to Islamic tradition, but not Judaism or Christianity, Ismail's mother, Hagar was also a full wife of the Abraham.

Also according to Islamic tradition, Muhammad was a descendant of Ismail and because he was sent the Qur'an by Allah, became the final messenger, and so the name Ismail is often interpreted to mean the fulfillment of a divine promise resulting from prayer being heard.

Given name[edit]

(mangonel expert)]] (died 1330), Iraqi mangonel expert

Surname or patronymic[edit]

See also[edit]