Ismail I, Sultan of Granada

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Ismail I (1279 – 6 June 1325) was the grandson of Muhammed II al-Faqih and the fifth Nasrid ruler of the Emirate of Granada in Al-Andalus on the Iberian Peninsula in 1314–1325.

Biography[edit]

Ismail I was the son of Abu Sa'id Faraj and the princess Fatima, daughter of Muhammed II al-Faqih.[1] His father, Abu Sa'id Faraj, was a nephew of Muhammed I ibn Nasr, as well as brother in-law to the sultans Muhammed III and Nasr.[1]

A cultured and refined man, he significantly added to the Alhambra complex and the palace of Generalife.[2] He also built the Alcazar Genil after 1319,[2] which functioned as a residence for the elderly women of the sultan’s household, and a new palace complex that later developed into the Palacio de Comares. Ismail I fathered at least four sons: Muhammed, Ismail, Faraj and Yusef; two of whom would succeed him respectively as Muhammed IV and Yusuf I.[1]

Sultanate[edit]

In 1314, Ismail, influenced by unrest in Granada, marched with his army from Malaga.[3] By the time he had arrived at Granada, his army had swelled, and the populace opened the gates to him.[3] Besieging Sultan Nasr in the Alhambra, Ismail agreed to a pact which allowed Nasr to live out his days in exile in Gaudix, whilst Ismail became sultan of the Nasrid dynasty.[3]

Ismail would begin consolidating his emirate starting with the victory over the forces of Castile at the battle of La Vega.[4] After Nasr's death in 1322,[3] Ismail retook Gaudix and instituted a campaign of conquering regional fortresses.[4]

Returning from his successful campaign, which included taking Martos, Ismail quarreled with his cousin Muhammad ibn Ismail over a slave girl.[2] Ismail was later assassinated by Muhammad while giving a public address on 6 June 1325.[2]

Ismail was succeeded by his son Muhammad, a boy of ten.[2]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Fernández-Puertas, Antonio (April 1997). "The Three Great Sultans of al-Dawla al-Ismā'īliyya al-Naṣriyya Who Built the Fourteenth-Century Alhambra: Ismā'īl I, Yūsuf I, Muḥammad V (713-793/1314-1391)". Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society. Third Series. Vol. 7 (No. 1). 
Ismail I, Sultan of Granada
Cadet branch of the Banu Khazraj
Born: 1279 Died: 6 July 1325
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Nasr
Sultan of Granada
1314–1325
Succeeded by
Muhammed IV