Ismail Petra of Kelantan
|Al-Sultan of Kelantan|
|Sultan of Kelantan|
|Reign||30 March 1979 – 13 September 2010|
|Coronation||30 March 1980|
|Predecessor||Sultan Yahya Petra|
|Successor||Sultan Muhammad V|
|Born||Tengku Ismail Petra ibni Tengku Yahya Petra|
11 November 1949
Istana Jahar, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Unfederated Malay States, Malaya
|Died||28 September 2019 (aged 69)|
Royal Ward Raja Perempuan Zainab II Hospital, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia
|Burial||28 September 2019|
(m. 2007; div. 2010)
|Issue||Tengku Muhammad Faris Petra|
Tengku Muhammad Faiz Petra
Tengku Muhammad Fakhry Petra
Tengku Amalin A’ishah Putri
|Father||Sultan Yahya Petra Ibni Almarhum Sultan Ibrahim|
|Mother||Tengku Zainab Binti Tengku Muhammad Petra|
|Sultan Muhammad V, the Sultan|
Raja Perempuan Tengku Anis, Sultan's mother
Tengku Abdul Halim, the Tengku Laksamana
Tengku Mohamad Rizam, the Tengku Temenggong
Sultan Ismail Petra ibni Almarhum Sultan Yahya Petra (11 November 1949 – 28 September 2019) was the 28th Sultan of Kelantan from 30 March 1979 to 13 September 2010. He succeeded on the death of his father, Sultan Yahya Petra. He died in Kota Bharu on 28 September 2019, aged 69, after 10 years of suffering from a major stroke and was buried in the Kelantan Royal Mausoleum. He was succeeded by his eldest son, Tengku Muhammad Faris Petra who now bears the title Sultan Muhammad V.
Sultan Ismail Petra was born at Istana Jahar, Kota Bharu, Kelantan on 19 Muharam 1369 Hijrah, corresponding to Friday 11 November 1949. He was the youngest child and only son of Sultan Yahya Petra by his wife, Raja Perempuan Zainab II. He had four older sisters; Tengku Merjan, Tengku Rozan, Tengku Salwani and Tengku Rohani.
Sultan Ismail Petra had his early education at the Sultan Ismail College, Kota Bharu and later had through special education from a private English tutor at the royal palace.
On 8 January 2002, he was conferred an Honorary Doctorate of Philosophy in Political Science from the Ramkhamhaeng University, Thailand.
Crown Prince and Regent of Kelantan
Sultan Ismail Petra was made as the Crown Prince (Tengku Mahkota) of Kelantan on 11 November 1967 at Istana Balai Besar, Kota Bharu, Kelantan.
He was also appointed as the Regent (Pemangku Raja) of Kelantan when his father was elected as King (Yang di-Pertuan Agong) of Malaysia from 21 September 1975 until his death on 29 March 1979.
Sultan of Kelantan
Sultan Ismail Petra succeeded his father as the Sultan of Kelantan on 30 March 1979. A year later, on 30 March 1980, he was crowned as the Sultan of Kelantan at Throne Room of the Istana Balai Besar, Kota Bharu.
On 10 August 2008, he was proclaimed as the first Chancellor of Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK).
Marriage and children
Sultan Ismail Petra married Raja Perempuan Tengku Anis binti Tengku Abdul Hamid on 4 December 1968. The royal couple had four children:
- Tengku Muhammad Faris Petra, Sultan Kelantan (born 6 October 1969, photo). On 15 November 2004, he married Tengku Zubaidah binti Tengku Norudin (née Kangsadal Pipitpakdee), a member of the Pattani royal family and they divorced in 2008. On 30 October 2010, he married Diana Petra, a Czech Republic citizen. Later, On 7 June 2018, he married Oksana Voevodina, a Russian citizen and they divorced in 2019.
- Tengku Muhammad Faiz Petra, Tengku Mahkota Kelantan (born 20 January 1974, photo). On 19 April 2019, he married Sofie Louise Johansson, a Swedish citizen.
- Tengku Muhammad Fakhry Petra (born 7 April 1978, photo). On 26 August 2008, he married Manohara Odelia Pinot, an Indonesian citizen and they divorced in 2009.
- Tengku Amalin A’ishah Putri, Tengku Maharani Putri (born 26 June 1984, photo). On 27 June 2013, she married Pengiran Muda Abdul Qawi ibni Pengiran Muda Mohamed Bolkiah, a member of the Brunei royal family. They have three children:
- Pengiran Anak Tengku Afeefah Musyafaah Bolkiah Puteri (born 13 April 2014)
- Pengiran Anak Tengku Azzahra Iffatul Bolkiah Puteri (born 24 June 2016)
- Pengiran Anak Tengku Zaafirah Muizzah Bolkiah Puteri (born 12 February 2020)
It was reported that the Sultan of Kelantan, Sultan Ismail Petra, filed an application for verification of his divorce from his second wife, Che Puan Elia Suhana Ahmad, at the Syariah High Court on 9 March 2010.
Subsequently, the Chief registrar of Syariah Appellate/High court, Abu Bakar Abdullah Kutty, clarified that the Sultan of Kelantan Sultan Ismail Petra ibni Sultan Yahya Petra did not file a divorce suit against his second wife Elia Suhana Ahmad. Instead, Abu Bakar Abdullah Kutty said an unknown individual by the name of Nik Rorhana Wan Abdul Rahman was named as the plaintiff in the divorce petition.
“I want to clarify that the Sultan did not file the writ but instead it was filed on his behalf". “Based on Syariah law we have accepted the suit and it will be up to the court to decide on the matter". “I have to make things clear as it was reported in the media that the Sultan had filed the writ personally which is totally incorrect,” he told reporters at his office at Balai Islam, Lundang.
Sultan Ismail Petra suffered a major stroke on 14 May 2009. He received follow-up treatments at the Universiti Sains Malaysia Hospital, Kubang Kerian. The Kelantan government then appointed medical specialists to form a medical panel to check his level of health. When Sultan Ismail Petra continued to be ill, the panel decided that he was not capable of ruling the state and it was decided that his eldest son, Crown Prince Tengku Muhammad Faris Petra be crowned the new sultan on 13 September 2010 by order of the Kelantan Succession Council. However, lawyers acting on behalf of Sultan Ismail Petra filed a petition to the Federal Court to have the appointment of the Crown Prince as the Sultan of Kelantan nullified, citing the appointment as unconstitutional.
Death and state funeral
Sultan Ismail Petra died on 28 September 2019 at 8:11 am at the Royal Ward Raja Perempuan Zainab II Hospital, Kota Bharu aged 69 because of heart failure. On that day, the Mentri Besar of Kelantan Dato' Ahmad Yakob officially announced his death.
On the same day, a state funeral was held. Among the royal family were present and other dignitaries were present to give their last respects is the Yang di-Pertuan Agong Al-Sultan Abdullah Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mustafa Billah Shah and the Raja Permaisuri Agong Tunku Azizah Aminah Maimunah Iskandariah, the Sultan of Brunei Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah, the Raja of Perlis Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin and the Raja Perempuan of Perlis Tuanku Fauziah, Deputy Prime Minister Dato' Seri Dr Wan Azizah Wan Ismail and her husband Dato' Seri Anwar Ibrahim. Also in attendance were the Tunku Aris Bendahara of Johor Tunku Abdul Majid (representing the Sultan of Johor) and the Tunku Besar of Seri Menanti Tunku Ali Redhauddin (representing the Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Negeri Sembilan). He was laid to rest near to grave of his late father, Sultan Yahya Petra at the Langgar Royal Mausoleum in Kota Bharu, Kelantan.
Awards and recognitions
He was awarded:
Honours of Kelantan
- Recipient and Grand Master of the Royal Family Order of Kelantan (DK)
- Knight Grand Commander and Grand Master of the Order of the Crown of Kelantan (SPMK)
- Knight Grand Commander and Grand Master of the Order of the Life of the Crown of Kelantan (SJMK)
- Knight Grand Commander and Grand Master of the Order of the Loyalty to the Crown of Kelantan (SPSK)
- Founding Grand Master of the Order of the Noble Crown of Kelantan (SPKK)
- Grand Master of the Order of the Most Distinguished and Most Valiant Warrior (PYGP)
Honours of Malaysia and its other states
- Malaysia :
- Recipient of the Order of the Crown of the Realm (DMN)
- Johor :
- First Class of the Royal Family Order of Johor (DK I)
- Kedah :
- Member of the Royal Family Order of Kedah (DK)
- Negeri Sembilan :
- Member of the Royal Family Order of Negeri Sembilan (DKNS)
- Perak :
- Recipient of the Royal Family Order of Perak (DK)
- Perlis :
- Recipient of the Perlis Family Order of the Gallant Prince Syed Putra Jamalullail (DK)
- Selangor :
- First Class of the Royal Family Order of Selangor (DK I, 13 November 1988)
- Terengganu :
- Member first class of the Family Order of Terengganu (DK I)
- Sarawak :
- Knight Grand Commander (Datuk Patinggi) of the Order of the Star of Hornbill Sarawak (DP)
- Darjah Paduka Seri Sarawak (DPSS)
- Thailand :
- Honorary Doctorate of Philosophy in Political Science from the Ramkhamhaeng University - (Dr.) (8 January 2002)
Several places were named after him, including:
- Kolej Islam Antarabangsa Sultan Ismail Petra (KIAS) in Nilam Puri, Kelantan
- Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Ismail Petra (1), a secondary school at Kompleks Sekolah-Sekolah Wakaf Mek Zainab in Kota Bharu, Kelantan
- Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Ismail Petra (2), a secondary school in Kampung Telipot Kawasan Perindustrian Lundang, Kota Bharu, Kelantan
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Ismail Petra (1), a primary school in Kompleks Sekolah-Sekolah Wakaf Mek Zainab, Kota Bharu, Kelantan
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Ismail Petra (2), a primary school in Jalan Long Yunus, Kota Bharu, Kelantan
- Sultan Ismail Petra Silver Jubilee Mosque in Rantau Panjang, Kelantan
- Al-Sultan Ismail Petra Mosque, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan
- Sultan Ismail Petra Mosque, Kota Bharu, Kelantan
- Ismail Petra Mosque, Tanah Merah, Kelantan
- Al-Ismaili Mosque, Wakaf Bharu, Kelantan
- Sultan Ismail Petra Islamic Silver Jubilee Complex, Panji, Kelantan
- Sultan Ismail Petra Hospital in Kuala Krai, Kelantan
- Sultan Ismail Petra Arch in Kota Bharu, Kelantan
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 February 2010. Retrieved 6 March 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Syariah High Court allows Sultan of Kelantan's second wife to visit him
- http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2010/9/13/nation/20100913130938&sec=nation[permanent dead link] Kelantan Regent is new Sultan
- "Appointment of new Sultan of Kelantan challenged (Updated) - Nation | The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my. 20 September 2010. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
Sultan Yahya Petra
| Sultan of Kelantan
1979 – 2010
Sultan Muhammad V