Ismail ibn Musa Menk

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Grand Mufti of Zimbabwe[1]

Ismail Ibn Musa Menk

Mufti Menk
Ismail ibn Musa Menks talk at Kerala State Business Excellence Awards 2015.jpg
Menk in 2015
Born (1975-06-27) 27 June 1975 (age 47)
NationalityZimbabwean[2]
OccupationMotivational speaker, Islamic Scholar, Grand Mufti[1]
EraContemporary
Notable work
Motivational Movements
HonorsThe 500 Most Influential Muslims (2013–2014, 2017)
Grand Mufti of Zimbabwe
TitleMufti
Personal
ReligionIslam
DenominationDeobandi[3]
JurisprudenceSunni[5]
EducationKantharia Darul Uloom[4]
Muslim leader
AwardsKSBEA 2015 Awards for Social Guidance, 2015
Websitemuftimenk.com
YouTube information
Channel
Years active9 November 2010–present
Subscribers3.18 million[6]
Total views286.3 million[6]
Associated actsMuslim Speakers
Huda TV
YouTube Silver Play Button 2.svg 100,000 subscribers
YouTube Gold Play Button 2.svg 1,000,000 subscribers

Last updated: 2 May 2022

Ismail ibn Musa Menk (Arabic: إسماعيل بن موسى منك, romanizedesma'eyl ebn mwsa mnk, IPA: [ɪsmel ɪbən mjusə mɛŋk] (listen)), also known as Mufti Menk (born 27 June 1975), is a Zimbabwean Islamic scholar.[7][8][9] Head of the country's fatwa department,[10][11][12] he is widely known internationally.[13]

Menk has been named one of The 500 Most Influential Muslims in the world by the Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought in Jordan in 2013, 2014 and 2017.[14][15]

Early life[edit]

Menk was born in June 27, 1975 in Harare to Yemeni parents,[16] where he undertook his initial studies with his father, Moulana Musa, memorizing the Quran and learning Arabic.[17] He went to St. John's College (Harare) for senior school.[8] He then completed his religious education and Mufti course from Kantharia Darul Uloom, Gujarat.[18] Menk has been identified as a Deobandi[8][19][20] as well as a Salafi[21] by different sources, though he has not publicly acknowledged his involvement in either movement.

Views[edit]

Menk opposes terrorism and has pledged his aid in curbing religious extremism in the Maldives.[22] On 31 March 2018, he urged Liberian Muslims to avoid Muslim—Christian violence, arguing that Muslims and Christians are brothers and sisters from one father, the prophet Adam.[23] He blames western media for misleading the world that Muslims are terrorists.[24] According to Gulf News, Menk said that everyone on this earth is a part of a family and has one maker, therefore, no one has the right to force any belief or faith on another.[25]

Works[edit]

In 2018 he published a collection of his sayings as a book titled Motivational Moments[26][27] and in 2019 published the second edition, titled Motivational Moments 2.[28]

Awards and recognition[edit]

Controversies[edit]

The Huffington Post has described Menk as an "openly homophobic Islamic preacher" who has denounced the act of homosexuality as "filthy".[32] In 2013, he was due to visit six British universities – Oxford, Leeds, Leicester, Liverpool, Cardiff and Glasgow – but the speaking tour was cancelled after student unions and university officials expressed concern about his views.[33] Menk's controversial statement included these words: "How can you engage in acts of immorality with the same sex?... The Qur'an clearly says it is wrong what you are doing... Allah speaks about how filthy this is... With all due respect to the animals, homosexuals are worse than animals."[34]

Travel bans[edit]

On 31 October 2017, Singapore banned Menk from its borders because it believes he expresses views incompatible with its multicultural laws and policies. According to the Straits Times, he has asserted that "it is blasphemous for Muslims to greet believers of other faiths during festivals such as Christmas or Deepavali". Singapore's Ministry of Home Affairs said in a statement that its decision to reject Menk's application for a short-term work pass stemmed from his "segregationist and divisive teachings".[35][36] The Majlisul Ulama Zimbabwe, Menk's own institution, released a statement to express "regret and dismay" regarding the ban. It said that Menk was an "asset to multi‐cultural, multi‐religious Zimbabwe" and that viewers should "listen to his sermons in full" and not "edited clips of a few minutes" to see the moderate path he has chosen.[37]

In November 2018, the Danish government banned Menk from entering its borders for 2 years.[38][39]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Piscatori, James; Saikal, Amin (19 September 2019). Islam Beyond Borders: The Umma in World Politics. Cambridge University Press. p. 103. ISBN 978-1-108-48125-0.
  2. ^ "مفتي زيمبابوي: الفقر يحاصرنا وحملات التنصير وصلت إلى بيتي!". al-Ittihad. 15 October 2009. Archived from the original on 7 April 2020. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  3. ^ Syed, Jawad; Pio, Edwina; Kamran, Tahir; Zaidi, Abbas (9 November 2016). Faith-Based Violence and Deobandi Militancy in Pakistan. Springer. p. 461. ISBN 978-1-349-94966-3.
  4. ^ Ngom, Fallou; Kurfi, Mustapha H.; Falola, Toyin (26 September 2020). The Palgrave Handbook of Islam in Africa. Springer Nature. p. 197. ISBN 978-3-030-45759-4.
  5. ^ Zainal, Norhidayyu (28 March 2014). "Dakwah cara Mufti Menk". Sinar Harian. Pada masa sama, beliau menamatkan pengajian di Universiti Islam Madinah dalam bidang Syariah, mazhab keempat.
  6. ^ a b "About Mufti Menk". YouTube.
  7. ^ "Singapore bans Islamic scholar Mufti Menk's entry into country for 'promoting religious discord'". Dawn. Pakistan. 1 November 2017. Archived from the original on 1 November 2017. Retrieved 18 August 2021.
  8. ^ a b c "Peace comes calling a look into the Life of Mufti Menk, Grand Mufti of Zimbabwe". Cochin Herald. 31 August 2016. Archived from the original on 26 October 2017. Retrieved 30 December 2019.
  9. ^ Stack, Liam (4 June 2016). "The World Reacts on Social Media to Muhammad Ali's Death". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 7 June 2016. Retrieved 9 August 2017. Ismail Menk, the Grand Mufti of Zimbabwe, the African country's highest Islamic religious authority
  10. ^ Chimp Corps (28 April 2021). "Kyankwanzi: President Museveni, Mufti Menk Discuss 'Unity in Diversity'". ChimpReports. Archived from the original on 28 April 2021. Retrieved 13 June 2021.
  11. ^ "Don't let negative people ruin your positive mindset- Mufti Menk tells youth". Daily Monitor. 16 September 2020. Retrieved 13 June 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  12. ^ "Mufti Menk Arrives in Gambia". 2 November 2018. Archived from the original on 11 April 2019. Retrieved 13 June 2021.
  13. ^ "Mufti Ismail Menk". themuslim 500.com. Archived from the original on 5 October 2015. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  14. ^ a b "The 500 Most Influential Muslims 2017" (PDF). Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre.
  15. ^ a b "The 500 Most Influential Muslims 2013–14" (PDF). Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  16. ^ "مفتي زيمبابوي: الفقر يحاصرنا وحملات التنصير وصلت إلى بيتي!". al-Ittihad. 15 October 2009. Archived from the original on 7 April 2020. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  17. ^ Zainal, Norhidayyu (28 March 2014). "Dakwah cara Mufti Menk". Sinar Harian. Archived from the original on 15 June 2021.
  18. ^ Ngom, Fallou; Kurfi, Mustapha H.; Falola, Toyin (26 September 2020). The Palgrave Handbook of Islam in Africa. Springer Nature. p. 197. ISBN 978-3-030-45759-4.
  19. ^ Sam Westrop, "Hidden in Plain Sight: Deobandis, Islamism and British Multiculturalism Policy" in Faith-Based Violence and Deobandi Militancy in Pakistan, Springer, 2016, p. 461
  20. ^ Aljunied, Khairudin (5 December 2016). Muslim Cosmopolitanism: Southeast Asian Islam in Comparative Perspective. Edinburgh University Press. ISBN 9781474408905. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
  21. ^ Mokhtar, Faris. "Islamic community 'must act to counter growing influence of Salafism'". Today. Archived from the original on 24 June 2018. Retrieved 23 June 2018. For example, popular televangelist Zakir Naik, jailed radical Muslim preacher Anjem Choudary, and Ismail Menk (the Mufti of Zimbabwe) all belong to the Salafi sect.
  22. ^ "Menk pledges aid in curbing religious extremism in Maldives". Mihaaru. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  23. ^ Sonpon, Leroy M. III (2 April 2018). "Zimbabwean Grand Mufti Warns Liberian Muslims Against Physical, Speech Violence". Liberian Observer.
  24. ^ "Mufti blames western media for misconception on Islam". The Borneo Post. 1 April 2015.
  25. ^ "Have respect for one another to bring about happiness, Dr Menk says". Gulf News. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  26. ^ Otto, Jade (24 May 2017). "Motivation from Mufti Menk". Cape Times. Retrieved 1 January 2019 – via PressReader.
  27. ^ Menk, Musa (2017). Motivational Moments. ALQ Creative. ISBN 978-9811126475.
  28. ^ Haziq, Saman. "Islamic scholar Mufti Menk launches his second book". Khaleej Times. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  29. ^ "MUFTI ISMAIL MENK HONORED". Aldersgate College. 16 April 2016. Retrieved 18 May 2016.
  30. ^ "4th KSBEA 2015 Global Leadership Award 2015 Winners" (PDF). The Times of India. 10 June 2015. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
  31. ^ "4th KSBEA 2015 Global Leadership Award 2015 Winners". Cochin Herald. 10 March 2017. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
  32. ^ "Liverpool University Agreed To Host Islamic Preacher Ismail Menk, Who Says Gays Are 'Filthy' (POLL)". The Huffington Post UK. 11 November 2013. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
  33. ^ "Universities cancel Muslim cleric's speaking tour over concerns about his anti-gay views". The Independent. 8 July 2015. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
  34. ^ "Liverpool University Agreed To Host Islamic Preacher Ismail Menk, Who Says Gays Are 'Filthy'". The Huffington Post. 11 November 2013. Retrieved 24 May 2016.
  35. ^ "Singapore bans Mufti Menk from entering country". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
  36. ^ Yuen-C, Tham (30 October 2017). "2 foreign Islamic preachers barred from entering Singapore for religious cruise". Straits Times. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
  37. ^ "STATEMENT BY Majlisul Ulama Zimbabwe MUZ (Council of Islamic Scholars) on the Mufti Menk issue" (PDF). Mufti Menk. 31 October 2017. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
  38. ^ "Den nationale sanktionsliste – Religiøse forkyndere med indrejseforbud". nyidanmark.dk (in Danish). Archived from the original on 14 August 2019. Retrieved 30 December 2019.
  39. ^ "Indrejseforbud til endnu en religiøs forkynder". Sameksistens. Retrieved 30 December 2019.

External links[edit]