Ismailia Governorate

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Ismailia Governorate
Flag of Ismailia Governorate
Official logo of Ismailia Governorate
Ismailia Governorate on the map of Egypt
Ismailia Governorate on the map of Egypt
Country  Egypt
Seat Ismailia (capital)
 • Governor Ahmed Bahaa El-Din Al-Qassas[1]
 • Total 1,442 km2 (557 sq mi)
Population (2015)
 • Total 1,178,641[2]
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
Website Ismailia

Ismailia Governorate (Egyptian Arabic: محافظة الإسماعيلية‎‎ Muḥāfẓet El Ismāʿīliya, IPA: [moˈħɑfzˤet elʔesmæʕeˈlejjæ]) is one of the Canal Zone governorates of Egypt. Located in the northeastern part of the country, its capital is the city of Ismailia. It was named after Ismail Pasha, who as Ottoman Viceroy of Egypt, oversaw the country during the building of the Suez Canal.[3] It is located between the other two Canal governorates; Port Said Governorate, in the Northern part of Egypt and Suez Governorate.[4]

Fayed War Cemetery
Boats in Great Bitter Lake (Fayed)
Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1966 345,000 —    
1976 351,889 +2.0%
1986 544,427 +54.7%
1996 715,009 +31.3%
2006 942,832 +31.9%
2015 1,178,641 +25.0%
1966–2006, 2015 is an estimate[5]


According to population estimates from 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate live in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 45.4%. Out of an estimated 1,178,641 people residing in the governorate, 643,778 people live in rural areas as opposed to only 534,863 in urban areas. [6]


Industrial zones[edit]

According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:[8]

  • Al Qantara Shark
  • The 1st industrial zone
  • Technology Valley
  • The 2nd industrial zone
  • Abu Khalifa

Annual film festival[edit]

Hashim El Nahas founded the Ismailia International Film Festival for Documentaries and Shorts and originally considered establishing it in Luxor. Instead this festival has been celebrating its annual events in Ismailia Governorate. It is sponsored by the Ministry of Culture, Ismailia Governorate, The National Cinema Center and other sponsors.[9]

Ismailia Canal[edit]

The Ismailia Governorate is on the banks of the Suez Canal and its Ismailia Canal extends from the Nile River near Cairo, to the Suez Canal at the city of Ismailia, on Lake Timsah.[10] The Ismailia Canal was built to provide fresh water to workers during the building of the Suez Canal.[4] The Suez Canal Authority headquarters is located in Ismailia.[11]

Conflicts and wars[edit]

From 1967 to 1970, Ismailia became a war zone and was damaged in the conflict with Israel. Many battles were fought, in and around Ismailia, including at the end of the conflict in the Battle of Ismailia [12] and the area was able to begin rebuilding after a cease-fire was negotiated between Egypt and Israel in 1973.[13][14]

Fishing landing sites[edit]

There are several official fishing landing sites in Ismailia. One is at Lake Timsah and the other at Bitter Lake.[15][16]

UN sustainable programme[edit]

After a successful SIP (Sustainable Ismailia Programme) from 1992-1997, the United Nations expanded the project to include the entire Governorate of Ismailia calling it SGIP (Sustainable Ismailia Governorate Programme). Its goal is to work with local partners to improve the communities in Ismailia.[17]


  1. ^ "Mansour appoints 20 new governors". Daily News Egypt. Retrieved 17 October 2016. 
  2. ^ "Population Estimates by Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CASMAS. Retrieved 17 October 2016. 
  3. ^ "Ismail-Pasha". Britannica. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  4. ^ a b "Al-Ismailiyyah". Britannica. Retrieved 17 October 2016. 
  5. ^ "Ismailia Population, 1966–2006". Statoids. Retrieved October 16, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Retrieved 23 October 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c "List of Cities in Each Gobernorate". Ask Aladdin. Retrieved 17 October 2016. 
  8. ^ "Investment Regimes, Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Retrieved 30 October 2016. 
  9. ^ "Ismailia International Film Festival For Documentaries and Shorts". Ismailia FilmFestival. Retrieved 23 October 2016. 
  10. ^ Merriam Webster's Geographical Dictionary (3rd ed.). 1997. p. 535. ISBN 0-87779-546-0. 
  11. ^ "Suez Canal". Suez Canal Government of Egypt. 
  12. ^ Dunstan, Simon. The Yom Kippur War 1973 (2): The Sinai. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 9. 
  13. ^ Tucker, Spencer C. (2015). Wars That Changed History: 50 of the World's Greatest Conflicts. ABC-CLIO. p. 549. ISBN 9781610697866. 
  14. ^ Potholm, Christian P. (2016). Understanding War: An Annotated Bibliography. UPA. p. 584. ISBN 9780761867746. 
  15. ^ "Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profiles The Arab Republic of Egypt". Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  16. ^ "Information on Fisheries Management in the Arab Republic of Egypt". FOA. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  17. ^ Sustainable Cities Programme 1990-2000: A Decade of United Nations Support for Broad-based Participatory Management of Urban Development. UN. 2002. p. 30. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°36′N 32°17′E / 30.600°N 32.283°E / 30.600; 32.283