Ismene (plant)

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Ismene
Ismene narcissiflora1HOUTTE.jpg
Ismene narcissiflora[1]
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Amaryllidoideae
Genus: Ismene
Salisb.
Synonyms[2]
  • Liriope Herb. 1821, illegitimate homonym not Lour. 1790 (Asparagaceae)
  • Elisena Herb.
  • Pseudostenomesson Velarde

Ismene, or Peruvian daffodil, is a genus of South American plants in the Amaryllis family.[3] The species are native to Peru and Ecuador and widely cultivated elsewhere as ornamentals because of their large, showy flowers.[4][5]

Ismene produces tender perennial bulbs bearing a strong resemblance to those of Hymenocallis, a genus into which Ismene had often been grouped in the past. However, its morphology differs from Hymenocallis in several significant ways: its vegetation, natural range, and chromosome number are all distinct.

Ismene can be difficult to grow in the United States.[6]

Species[edit]

A list of Ismene species and their geographic distribution is given below.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ illustration from Flore des serres et des jardins de l’Europe by Charles Lemaire and others. Gand [Gent], Louis van Houtte, 1849, volume 5, plate 440
  2. ^ a b Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew. World Checklist of Monocotyledons: Ismene . Accessed May 16, 2009.
  3. ^ Herbert, William 1821. An Appendix: [General index to the Botanical magazine, vol. 43-48 containing a treatise on bulbous roots] page 45
  4. ^ Jørgensen, P. M., M. H. Nee & S. G. Beck. (eds.) 2014. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia, Monographs in systematic botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127(1–2): i–viii, 1–1744.
  5. ^ Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. (eds.) 1993. Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru. Monographs in systematic botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i–xl, 1–1286.
  6. ^ Howard, Thad M. Bulbs for Warm Climates. Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press, 2001, pp 98–99.

External links[edit]

  • [1] International Bulb Society's gallery of photographs