Ismoil Somoni Peak
|Ismoil Somoni Peak|
|Peak of Communism|
Ismoil Somoni Peak (then known as Communism Peak) taken in 1989.
|Elevation||7,495 m (24,590 ft)
|Prominence||3,402 m (11,161 ft)
|Isolation||279 kilometres (173 mi)|
|Listing||Country high point
|Location||Northwestern Gorno-Badakhshan, Tajikistan|
|First ascent||3 September 1933 by Yevgeniy Abalakov and Nikolay Gorbunov.|
|Easiest route||rock/snow/ice climb|
Ismoil Somoni Peak (Tajik: Қуллаи Исмоили Сомонӣ, Qulla‘i Ismo‘ili Somonî/Qullaji Ismojili Somonī; Persian: قلّهٔ اسماعیل سامانی; Russian: пик Исмаила Самани pik Ismaila Samani) is the highest mountain in Tajikistan and in the former Russian Empire and later in the Soviet Union, named after Ismail Samani, the greatest ruler of the Samanid dynasty.
When the existence of a peak in the Soviet Pamir Mountains higher than Lenin Peak was first established in 1928, the mountain was tentatively identified with Garmo Peak; but as the result of the work of further Soviet expeditions, it became clear by 1932 that they were not the same, and in 1933 the new peak, in the Academy of Sciences Range, was named Stalin Peak (Pik Stalina, пик Сталина), after Joseph Stalin. In 1962, as part of Krushchev's nationwide de-Stalinization process, the name was changed to Communism Peak (Tajik: Пики Коммунизм, Piki Kommunizm; Russian: пик Коммуни́зма, Pik Kommunizma), a name by which it is still commonly known. The name 'Communism Peak' was dropped in 1998 in favour of the current name.
Junko Tabei in peak at 1985
- The Great Soviet Encyclopaedia. Communizma Peak
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