Ismoil Somoni Peak

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Ismoil Somoni Peak
Peak of Communism
USSR-Tajikistan-Peak Communism.jpg
Ismoil Somoni Peak (then known as Communism Peak) taken in 1989.
Highest point
Elevation7,495[1] m (24,590 ft) 
Ranked 50th
Prominence3,402 m (11,161 ft) 
Ranked 54th
Isolation279 kilometres (173 mi)
ListingCountry high point
Coordinates38°56′36″N 72°00′58″E / 38.94333°N 72.01611°E / 38.94333; 72.01611Coordinates: 38°56′36″N 72°00′58″E / 38.94333°N 72.01611°E / 38.94333; 72.01611
Ismoil Somoni Peak is located in Tajikistan
Ismoil Somoni Peak
Ismoil Somoni Peak
Location in Tajikistan
LocationNorthwestern Gorno-Badakhshan, Tajikistan
Parent rangePamirs
First ascent3 September 1933 by Yevgeniy Abalakov and Nikolay Gorbunov.
Easiest routerock/snow/ice climb
Junko Tabei on Communism Peak in 1985 together with two other Japanese and four Estonian mountaineers. Photo by Jaan Künnap.

Ismoil Somoni Peak (Tajik: Қуллаи Исмоили Сомонӣ, Qulla-i Ismō‘il-i Sōmōnî/Qullaji Ismojili Somonī; Persian: قلّهٔ اسماعیل سامانی‎; Russian: Пик Исмои́ла Сомони́, tr. Pik Ismoíla Somoní) is the highest mountain in Tajikistan. It was within the territory of the former Russian Empire and the former Soviet Union, and was the highest mountain in the Soviet Union before the area became independent as Tajikistan. The mountain is named after Ismail Samani, a ruler of the Samanid dynasty.


When the existence of a peak in the Soviet Pamir Mountains higher than Lenin Peak was first established in 1928, the mountain was tentatively identified with Garmo Peak.[1] However, as the result of the work of further Soviet expeditions, it became clear by 1932 that they were not the same, and in 1933 the new peak, in the Academy of Sciences Range, was named Stalin Peak (Russian: Пик Ста́лина, tr. Pik Stálina), after Joseph Stalin. In 1962, as part of Khrushchev's nationwide de-Stalinization process, the name was changed to Communism Peak (Tajik: Пики Коммунизм, romanizedPiki Komunizm Russian: Пик Коммуни́зма, tr. Pik Kommunízma), a name by which it is still commonly known. The name Communism Peak was officially dropped in 1998 in favour of the current name, commemorating the 9th century Samanid emir, Ismail Samani.[citation needed]


The first ascent was made 3 September 1933 by the Soviet mountaineer Yevgeniy Abalakov.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Scheffel, Richard L.; Wernet, Susan J., eds. (1980). Natural Wonders of the World. United States of America: Reader's Digest Association, Inc. p. 104. ISBN 0-89577-087-3.
  2. ^ The Great Soviet Encyclopaedia. Communizma Peak. Also Pik Kommunzma at accessed 3Nov2016.

External links[edit]