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Isocenter in aerial photography: it is a point where a line cuts an angle of 90 degree of tier/2. It is the point on the aerial photo platform that directly falls on a line half-way between the Principal point and the Nadir point. In imaging physics and radiation oncology, the isocenter is termed as the point in space through which the central rays of the radiation beams pass.
In radiation oncology there is typically talk of two isocenters:
- radiation isocenter and
- mechanical isocenter.
Radiation isocenter is the point in space through which the central beam of radiation passes whereas the mechanical isocenter is the point where optical beams intersect. The two are closely related but differ in terms of their functionality and working in Space.
Isocenter definition in Radiotherapy:
The point in space relative to the treatment machine about which various components of the linac rotate. The gantry rotation defines a horizontal axis which cuts a vertical axis defined by the rotation of the treatment couch. The treatment collimators also rotate about an axis pointing through the isocentre.
The placement of the radiation isocenter plays an important role in treatment planning because the isocenter should ideally be placed in the center of the target volume with great precision and care, usually a tumor. Patient positioning, usually via 3D imaging methods, is thus essential for the successful irradiation of cancerous tissue and - consequently - the treatment outcome.
- Quantification Of Shift In Isocenter For 2-Dimensional And 3-Dimensional Radiotherapy Plans For Various Common Treatment Sites, The Internet Journal of Oncology