Isocitrate lyase family
|Isocitrate lyase family|
Isocitrate lyase family is a family of evolutionarily related proteins.
Isocitrate lyase (EC 126.96.36.199) is an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of isocitrate to succinate and glyoxylate. This is the first step in the glyoxylate bypass, an alternative to the tricarboxylic acid cycle in bacteria, fungi and plants. A cysteine, a histidine and a glutamate or aspartate have been found to be important for the enzyme's catalytic activity. Only one cysteine residue is conserved between the sequences of the fungal, plant and bacterial enzymes; it is located in the middle of a conserved hexapeptide.
Other enzymes also belong to this family including carboxyvinyl-carboxyphosphonate phosphorylmutase (EC 188.8.131.52) which catalyses the conversion of 1-carboxyvinyl carboxyphosphonate to 3-(hydrohydroxyphosphoryl) pyruvate carbon dioxide, and phosphoenolpyruvate mutase (EC 184.108.40.206), which is involved in the biosynthesis of phosphinothricin tripeptide antiobiotics.
- Isocitrate lyase InterPro: IPR006254
- Methylisocitrate lyase InterPro: IPR012695
- Carboxyvinyl-carboxyphosphonate phosphorylmutase InterPro: IPR012697
- Beeching JR (1989). "High sequence conservation between isocitrate lyase from Escherichia coli and Ricinus communis". Protein Seq. Data Anal. 2 (6): 463–466. PMID 2696959.
- Tanaka A, Atomi H, Ueda M, Hikida M, Hishida T, Teranishi Y (1990). "Peroxisomal isocitrate lyase of the n-alkane-assimilating yeast Candida tropicalis: gene analysis and characterization". J. Biochem. 107 (2): 262–266. PMID 2361956.
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