Isothiazolinone

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Isothiazolinone
Skeletal formula of isothiazolinone
Space-filling model of the isothiazolinone molecule
Names
IUPAC name
1,2-Thiazol-3-one
Other names
Isothiazolin-3-one; 3(2H)-Isothiazolone
Identifiers
3D model (Jmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.225.492
MeSH C001490
UNII
Properties
C3H3NOS
Molar mass 101.127
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Isothiazolinone is a heterocyclic chemical compound. Derivatives of isothiazolinone are used as biocides, including:

Applications[edit]

Isothiazolinones are antimicrobials used to control bacteria, fungi, and algae in cooling water systems, fuel storage tanks, pulp and paper mill water systems, oil extraction systems, wood preservation and antifouling agents. They are frequently used in personal care products such as shampoos and other hair care products, as well as certain paint formulations. Often, combinations of MIT and CMIT (known as Kathon CG) or MIT and BIT are used.

Biological implications[edit]

Together with their wanted function, controlling or killing microorganisms, isothiazolinones also have undesirable effects: They have a high aquatic toxicity and some derivatives can cause hypersensitivity by direct contact or via the air.

See also[edit]

References[edit]