Ispra

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Ispra
Comune di Ispra
Lake Maggiore seen from Ispra.
Lake Maggiore seen from Ispra.
Coat of arms of Ispra
Coat of arms
Map of comune of Ispra (province of Varese, region Lombardy, Italy).svg
Location of Ispra
Ispra is located in Italy
Ispra
Ispra
Location of Ispra in Italy
Ispra is located in Lombardy
Ispra
Ispra
Ispra (Lombardy)
Coordinates: 45°48′50″N 08°36′43″E / 45.81389°N 8.61194°E / 45.81389; 8.61194
CountryItaly
RegionLombardy
ProvinceVarese (VA)
FrazioniBarza, Cascine, Quassa
Government
 • MayorMelissa De Santis
Area
 • Total15 km2 (6 sq mi)
Elevation
220 m (720 ft)
Population
 (31 January 2009[2])[3]
 • Total5,086
 • Density340/km2 (880/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Ispresi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
21027
Dialing code0332
Patron saintSt. Martin of Tours
Saint day11 November
WebsiteOfficial website

Ispra is a comune and small town on the eastern coast of Lake Maggiore, in the province of Varese (Lombardy, northern Italy).

Toponymy[edit]

Attested by the name Ispira (712), Ispira (XIV). Appears as Ispratium in Aegidius Tschudi's Beschreibung Galliae Comatae.[4] According to Gaudenzio Merula the origin of the name could lie onto the rocky nature of this landscape; Hisprum quasi asperum ob saxorum difficultates,[5] that is to say equivalent to the Latin hispida (cf. hispid and ispido) and related to the Provençal ispre with the "d" shifting to an "r" due to rhotacism.[6]

Joint Research Centre[edit]

Some of the main Institutes of the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission (EC) are located there, including the Institute for the Protection and the Security of the Citizen (IPSC), the Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES) and the Institute for Health and Consumer Protection (IHCP), as well as the Ispra site Directorate (IS).

Locally, the research establishment is referred to as the CCR (Centro Comune di Ricerca) or as EURATOM - based on its history in nuclear research. The site covers an area of 157 hectares (390 acres), where the original presence of pines, birches, oaks and chestnut trees has partially been preserved.

The site still contains a number of experimental nuclear reactors in the process of being decommissioned.[7]

Famous descendants[edit]

The Italian American ballerina Enrica Soma (the mother of actress Anjelica Huston) was born to parents who had immigrated to the U.S. from Ispra.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ Data from Istat
  3. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  4. ^ Tschudi, Aegidius (1758). Beschreibung Galliae Comatae. Constance: Johann Jakob Gallati. p. 356.
  5. ^ Merula, Gaudenzio (1538). De Gallorum Cisalpinorum antiquitate ac origine. Lyon.
  6. ^ Olivieri, Dante (1931). Dizionario di toponomastica lombarda. p. 297.
  7. ^ nuclear reactors