On 29 November 1947, Uruguay voted in favor for the Partition of Palestine which led to the creation of the State of Israel. In May 1948, Uruguay recognized the State of Israel and established diplomatic relations. In 1948, future Israeli President Yitzhak Navon headed a diplomatic delegation to Uruguay.
In May 1986, Uruguayan President Julio Maria Sanguinetti paid an official visit to Israel, becoming the first Uruguayan head of state to do so. During his visit to Israel, both nations signed agreements in the fields of social security, investments and medical and veterinary care. In August 2008, Uruguayan President Tabaré Vázquez paid an official visit to Israel. During his visit to the country, both nations signed an agreement to promote industrial research and development. In 2010, Israel signed a Free Trade Agreement with Mercosur (which includes Uruguay).
Relations between both nations came to a low when Uruguayan President José Mujica accused Israel of committing "genocide" during the 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict. Uruguay is a contributor to the Multinational Force and Observers which is an international peacekeeping force overseeing the terms of the peace treaty between Egypt and Israel and is based in the Sinai Peninsula.
In 2016, the Israeli embassy in Montevideo transferred supplies to aid flood victims in Uruguay, where more than 13,000 people were displaced.
Resident diplomatic missions
- Israel's Diplomatic Missions Abroad: Status of relations
- Joint Statement Israel-Uruguay
- Jerusalem Post: Social Security deal signed with Uruguay
- President of Uruguay visits Israel at the head of a large delegation
- TLC Mercosur-Israel (in Spanish)
- Uruguayan President Calls Attacks on Gaza Genocidal
- Israel sends donations to flood victims in Paraguay and Uruguay
- Embassy of Israel in Montevideo
- Uruguayan Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Israel (in Spanish)