Israel Aaron (born at Lancaster, Pennsylvania November 20, 1859 - 1912 ) was an American rabbi and scholar. His father was a native of Hesse-Darmstadt, where he served many years in the army, holding several minor military offices. After leaving the High School Israel, Aaron entered the Hebrew Union College at Cincinnati. From 1883 to 1887 he was rabbi at Fort Wayne, Indiana, and since 1887 has been at Buffalo, New York. He has written on "The Relation of the Jews and Arabs to the Renaissance," and "The Megillah of Saragossa," in the "Menorah"; also translations of Franz Delitzsch's "Colors in the Talmud" and J. Stern's "Woman's Place in the Talmud."
- Mendelsohn, Adam (2007). "Aaron, Israel". In Michael Berenbaum and Fred Skolnik. Encyclopaedia Judaica (2nd ed.). Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA. p. 211. Retrieved 12 February 2013.