Israel Gutman (Hebrew: ישראל גוטמן; 20 May 1923 – 1 October 2013) was a Polish-born Israeli historian and a survivor of the Holocaust.
Israel (Yisrael) Gutman was born in Warsaw, Second Polish Republic. After participating and being wounded in the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, he was deported to the Majdanek, Auschwitz and Mauthausen concentration camps. His parents and siblings died in the ghetto. In January 1945, he survived the death march from Auschwitz to Mauthausen, where he was liberated by U.S. forces. In the immediate post-war period, he joined the Jewish Brigade in Italy. In 1946, he immigrated to Mandate Palestine and joined Kibbutz Lehavot HaBashan, where he raised a family. He was a member of the kibbutz for 25 years. In 1961, he testified at the trial of Adolf Eichmann.
Gutman was a professor of history at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and deputy chairman of the International Auschwitz Council at Auschwitz-Birkenau Foundation. He was the editor-in-chief of the Encyclopedia of the Holocaust and won the Yitzhak Sadeh Prize for Military Studies. At Yad Vashem, he headed the International Institute for Holocaust Research (1993–1996), served as Chief Historian (1996–2000) and was the Academic Advisor (from 2000). He was also an advisor to the Polish government on Jewish Affairs, Judaism and Holocaust Commemoration.
He died, aged 90, in Jerusalem, Israel.
- The Jews of Warsaw, 1939-1943: Ghetto, Underground, Revolt (1982)
- Unequal Victims: Poles and Jews in World War Two (1986)
- The Jews of Poland Between Two World Wars (1989)
- Anatomy of Auschwitz Death Camp (with Michael Berenbaum, 1994)
- Resistance: The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising (1994)
- Emanuel Ringelblum – The Man and the Historian (2006)
- ^ ""Let The World Read And Know" The Oneg Shabbat Archives". .yadvashem.org. 2010-02-16. Retrieved 2013-11-16.
- ^ a b c Notes on the Contributors Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine
- ^ a b c d e f g ""To Build and To Be Built" The Contribution of Holocaust Survivors to the State of Israel". .yadvashem.org. Retrieved 2013-11-16.
- ^ Kershner, Isabel (2013-10-01). "Israel Gutman, Who Survived and Documented Holocaust, Dies at 90". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-05-19.
- ^ Fox, John P. (1983). "The Jews of Warsaw, 1939–1943: ghetto, underground, revolt". International Affairs. 59 (4): 746–747. doi:10.2307/2619513. ISSN 1468-2346. JSTOR 2619513.
- ^ Ellis, Joyce; Walton, John; King, Christine E. (1984). "Yisrael Gutman, The Jews of Warsaw 1939–1943, Ghetto, Underground, Revolt. Harvester Press, 1982. £22.50". Urban History. 11: 206–207. doi:10.1017/S0963926800007264. ISSN 0963-9268. S2CID 146256166.
- ^ Stanislawski, Michael (1984). "Yisrael Gutman. The Jews of Warsaw, 1939-1943: Ghetto, Underground, Revolt. Translated from the Hebrew by Ina Friedman. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1982. xviii, 487 pp. $24.95". Canadian-American Slavic Studies. 18 (1–2): 215. doi:10.1163/221023984X00991. ISSN 0090-8290.
- ^ Ezergailis, Andrew (1984). "Yisrael Gutman. The Jews of Warsaw, 1939–1943: Ghetto, Underground, Revolt. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1982. Pp. 487". Nationalities Papers. 12 (1): 151–152. doi:10.1017/S009059920004215X. ISSN 0090-5992. S2CID 186436005.
- ^ Kochan, Lionel (1991). "The Jews of Poland between two world wars". International Affairs. 67 (3): 597. doi:10.2307/2622002. ISSN 1468-2346. JSTOR 2622002.
- ^ "Yisrael Gutman, Ezra Mendelsohn, Jehuda Reinharz, and Chone Shmeruk, eds. The Jews of Poland Between Two World Wars. Hanover, N.H.: University Press of New England/Brandeis University Press, 1989. xi, 575 pp". AJS Review. 15 (2): 300–301. 1990. doi:10.1017/S0364009400003020. ISSN 0364-0094.
- ^ Kraut, Benny (1995-04-01). "Resistance: The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising". History: Reviews of New Books. 23 (3): 131–132. doi:10.1080/03612759.1995.9951127. ISSN 0361-2759.
- Israel Gutman in an online exhibition by Yad Vashem
- Interview with Professor Israel Gutman, Yad Vashem website
- 1923 births
- 2013 deaths
- Auschwitz concentration camp survivors
- Historians of the Holocaust
- Jewish historians
- Majdanek concentration camp survivors
- Mauthausen concentration camp survivors
- Warsaw Ghetto Uprising insurgents
- Polish emigrants to Mandatory Palestine
- Jewish Combat Organization members
- Yad Vashem people