Israel Joshua Singer

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Israel Joshua Singer
Israel Joshua Singer photographed by Carl Van Vechten in 1938
Israel Joshua Singer
photographed by Carl Van Vechten in 1938
Born(1893-11-30)November 30, 1893
Biłgoraj, Congress Poland
DiedFebruary 10, 1944(1944-02-10) (aged 50)
New York City, US
OccupationNovelist
LanguageYiddish
CitizenshipUnited States
Genrefictional prose
Notable worksThe Brothers Ashkenazi

Israel Joshua Singer (Yiddish: ישראל יהושע זינגער ; November 30, 1893, Biłgoraj, Congress Poland — February 10, 1944 New York) was a Polish American novelist who wrote in Yiddish.

Biography[edit]

He was born Yisruel Yehoyshye Zinger, the son of Pinchas Mendl Zinger, a rabbi and author of rabbinic commentaries, and Basheva Zylberman. He was the brother of author Isaac Bashevis Singer and novelist Esther Kreitman. He married Genia Kuper. His eldest son, Yasha, died of influenza before the family's emigration to America. His younger son, Joseph Singer was the translator for both his father's works and his uncle, Isaac Bashevis Singer. Joseph a painter and writer like his father married June Flaum Singer who went on to become a writer. They had four children: Sharon Salinger, Brett Singer, IJ Singer and Valerie Singer. The three daughters followed in the family business and are also published poets and novelists.

Singer contributed to the European Yiddish press from 1916. In 1919 he with his wife Genia went to the Soviet Union, where he found work on a newspaper, The New Times, and was considered one of the "Kiev Writers". Then they moved to Moscow, where he published articles and stories. After two hard years, in 1921, they returned to Warsaw. In 1921, after Abraham Cahan noticed his story Pearls, Singer became a correspondent for the American Yiddish newspaper The Forward. His short story Liuk appeared in 1924, illuminating the ideological confusion of the Bolshevik Revolution. He wrote his first novel, Steel and Iron, in 1927. In 1934 he emigrated to the United States to write for The Forward. Eventually, Israel Joshua invited his younger brother, future Nobel prize winner Isaac Bashevis Singer to the United States and engineered for him a job position in The Forward. "Had it not been for Joshua, Abraham Cahan would have fired him", - Singer's wife Genia later confessed to Bashevis' son Israel Zamir. He died of a heart attack at age 50 in New York City, 258 Riverside Drive on February 10, 1944.

Works[edit]

His memoir Fun a velt vos iz nishto mer (English: Of a World That is No More) was published posthumously in 1946. His other works include:

In the introduction to A Treasury of Yiddish Stories, Irving Howe and Eliezer Greenberg stated that Singer's books are organized "in a way that satisfies the usual Western expectations as to literary structure. His novels resemble the kind of family chronicle popular in Europe several decades ago [that is, the turn of the century]".[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sorrel Kerbel - The Routledge Encyclopedia of Jewish Writers 1135456070 2004 -"The repeated attacks made on Singer's anti-communist attitudes embittered him, and after the appearance of his first novel, Shtol un ayzn (Steel and Iron), "
  2. ^ Howe, Irving; Greenberg, Eliezer, eds. (1954). A treasury of Yiddish stories. New York: Viking Press. p. 84.

Sources[edit]

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