Israel Leplevsky

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Israel Leplevsky
Leplevskij Izrail Moiseevic.jpg
Israel Lepelevsky
Born 1894
Brest-Litovsk, Grodno Governorate, Russian Empire
Died July 28, 1938(1938-07-28)
Moscow, Soviet Union

Israel Moiseevich Leplevsky (1894 - July 28, 1938) was the head of the GPU in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, then People's Commissar of Internal Affairs of the Ukrainian SSR from June 14, 1937 to January 25, 1938. His brother Gregory Leplevsky also worked in senior positions in the Soviet Union, including as Prosecutor of the USSR.

Early years[edit]

Born into a Jewish family in Brest-Litovsk, Grodno Governorate, Leplevsky received a home education and worked afterwards in a hat shop, and in a pharmacy warehouse. In 1914 he was enrolled as a conscript in the Russian army and served on the Turkish front from October 1914 till June 1917.

Political career[edit]

In March 1917, Leplevsky became active in the Bolshevik party in Tbilisi. From June 1917 he was a member of the military organization of the RSDLP (Bolshevik) in Yekaterinoslav. Afterwards he made a career in the Soviet secret service, the GPU, in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, culminating in his appointment as People's Commissar of Internal Affairs of the Ukrainian SSR from June 14, 1937 to January 25, 1938.

He was arrested on April 26, 1938, and on 28 July he was shot according a sentence passed by the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR.

Political offices
Preceded by
People Commissariat of Internal Affairs of Belarus
1934–1936
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Vasiliy Ivanov
People Commissariat of Internal Affairs of Ukraine
1937–1938
Succeeded by
Alexander Ivanovich Uspensky