Israel Scheffler

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Israel Scheffler
Born (1923-11-25)November 25, 1923
Died February 16, 2014(2014-02-16) (aged 90)
Era Contemporary philosophy
Region Western philosophy
Main interests
Science
Education

Israel Scheffler (November 25, 1923 - February 16, 2014[1]) was an American philosopher of science and of education. He held B.A. and M.A. degrees in psychology from Brooklyn College, an M.H.L. and a D.H.L.(hon.) from the Jewish Theological Seminary of America.[2] He defended his doctoral thesis, "On quotation", at the University of Pennsylvania in 1952, where he studied with Nelson Goodman[3] and began teaching that year at Harvard University, where he spent his career. He retired in 1992.[4] His main interests lay in the philosophical interpretation of language, symbolism, science and education. He was a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a founding member of the National Academy of Education and a past president of both the Philosophy of Science Association and the Charles S. Peirce Society.[2]


Publications[edit]

His works have been translated from English into French, German, Italian, Spanish, Hebrew, Chinese, Japanese and Persian.[5]

Books[edit]

  • Scheffler, Israel. The Anatomy of Inquiry; Philosophical Studies in the Theory of Science. New York: Knopf, 1963. OCLC 526705
    • French translation Anatomie de la science : etude philosophique de l explication et de la confirmation. Paris : Éditions du Seuil, 1966.
    • Italian translation, Anatomia della ricerca : studi filosofici nella teoria della scienze Milano : Il Saggiatore, 1972.
  • Scheffler, Israel. Philosophy and Education: Modern Readings. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1966. OCLC 397699249
  • Scheffler, Israel. Science and Subjectivity. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1967. OCLC 374512
  • Scheffler, Israel. Conditions of Knowledge: An Introduction to Epistemology and Education. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1978., ISBN 978-0-226-73668-6
  • Scheffler, Israel. The Language of Education. Springfield: Ill, 1983. ISBN 978-0-398-01656-2
    • Japanese translation, 教育のことば : その哲学的分析 = The language of education / Kyōiku no kotoba : sono tetsugakuteki bunseki Tōkyō : Tōyōkan Shuppansha, 1981.ISBN 9784491003191
    • Chinese translation, 敎育的語言/Jiao yu de yu yan. Dang dai si chao xi lie cong shu, 55. Taibei Shi: Gui guan tu shu gu fen you xian gong si, 1994. ISBN 978-957-551-702-1
    • Spanish translation, El lenguaje de la educación Buenos Aires : El Ateneo, 1970.
    • German translation, Die Sprache der Erziehung Düsseldorf, Pädagogischer Verlag, Schwann, 1971.
    • French translation, Le langage de l'éducation [Paris] : Klincksieck, ©2003.
    • Portuguese translation, "A linguagem da educação" São Paulo: Edusp/Saraiva, 1968.
  • Scheffler, Israel. Four Pragmatists: A Critical Introduction to Peirce, James, Mead, and Dewey. New York: Humanities Press, 1971. ISBN 978-0-391-00351-4
  • Scheffler, Israel, Nelson Goodman, and Richard Rudner. Logic & Art. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Co, 1972.
  • Scheffler, Israel. Reason and Teaching. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1973. ISBN 978-0-672-61253-4
  • Scheffler, Israel. Conditions of Knowledge. 1978. OCLC 464010934
    • Hebrew translation, Tenaʻe ha-yediʻah : mavo le-torat ha-haḳarah ṿeha-filosofyah shel ha-ḥinukh. Jerusalem, 1980.
    • Japanese translation, 教育から見た知識の条件 / Kyōiku kara mita chishiki no jōken. Tōkyō: Tōyōkan Shuppansha, 1987.
  • Scheffler, Israel. Beyond the Letter: A Philosophical Inquiry into Ambiguity, Vagueness, and Metaphor in Language. International library of philosophy and scientific method. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1979. ISBN 978-0-7100-0315-7
    • Spanish translation, Más allá de la letra Madrid : Visor Distribuciones, ©1991.
  • Scheffler, Israel. Of Human Potential: An Essay in the Philosophy of Education. Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1985. ISBN 978-0-7102-0571-1
    • Japanese translation, ヒューマン・ポテンシャル : 敎育哲学からの考察 Hyūman potensharu: kyōiku tetsugaku kara no kōsatsu. Tōkyō: Keisō Shobō, 1994.
    • Chinese translation, 人类的潜能 : 一项教育哲学的研究 Ren lei de qian neng: yi xiang jiao yu zhe xue de yan jiu . Shanghai: Hua dong shi fan da xue, 2006.
    • Persian translation, در ﺑﺎب اﺳﺘﻌﺪادﻫﺎي آدﻣﻲ: ﮔﻔﺘﺎري در ﻓﻠﺴﻔﻪ ﺗﻌﻠﯿﻢ و ﺗﺮﺑﯿﺖ "Dar Babi Estedade Adami: Goftari Dar Falsafei Talim o Tarbiat". by Khosrow Bagheri. Tehran: Samt Publications.
  • Scheffler, Israel. Inquiries: Philosophical Studies of Language, Science, & Learning. Indianapolis: Hackett Pub. Co, 1986. ISBN 978-0-87220-013-5
  • Scheffler, Israel. In Praise of the Cognitive Emotions and Other Essays in the Philosophy of Education. New York: Routledge, 1991. 9780415903646 (a Collection of articles spanning 1974 to 1990.)
  • Scheffler, Israel. Symbolic Worlds: Art, Science, Language, Ritual. Cambridge [England]: Cambridge University Press, 1997. ISBN 978-0-521-56425-0
  • Scheffler, Israel. Worlds of Truth: A Philosophy of Knowledge. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009. ISBN 978-1-4051-9170-8

Autobiography[edit]

  • Scheffler, Israel. Teachers of My Youth: An American Jewish Experience. Philosophy and education, v. 5. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1995. ISBN 978-0-7923-3232-9
  • Scheffler, Israel. Gallery of Scholars: A Philosopher's Recollections. Philosophy and education, v. 13. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2004. ISBN 978-1-4020-2710-9

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ISRAEL SCHEFFLER Ph.D.". The Boston Globe. 18 February 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Department of Philosophy. Professor Emeritus Israel Scheffler. The Harvard University Website, retrieved October 18, 2010
  3. ^ On quotation. WorldCat.Org, retrieved April 23, 2010
  4. ^ Siegel, Harvey, and Israel Scheffler. Reason and Education: Essays in Honor of Israel Scheffler. Dordrecht [Netherlands]: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1997.
  5. ^ Scheffler Israel's 'Books'. WorldCat.Org, retrieved April 23, 2010