Israel Securities Authority
|רשות ניירות ערך|
|Headquarters||22 Kanfei Nesharim Street, Jerusalem, Israel|
The Israel Securities Authority (ISA) is the national securities regulator of Israel. Established by law in 1968, the Israel Securities Authority sees its mandate as a way to ensure an efficient capital market based on transparency and fairness. The ISA works to fight against securities fraud, insider trading, questionable accounting practices and other activities which could harm Israel’s capital marketplace and Israel’s investor community.
The State of Israel was established in 1948, but securities trading had already begun there in 1935. Some leading pre-state banks, the Anglo-Palestine Bank, which later became Bank Leumi, and brokers traded on what was at the time an unofficial exchange, the Exchange Bureau for Securities.
On December 1, 1953, official trading began on the Tel Aviv Stock Exchange (TASE). Ten years later, a group of members of the Exchange created the TASE Clearing House. The Clearing House also acted as the central security depository in Israel. In 1968, the Knesset passed the Securities Law, which officially established the Israel Securities Authority, which became the modern regulatory framework for the Tel Aviv Stock Exchange and its operations.
The ISA closely models its practices on the basic principles established by US securities laws which took shape in the wake of the Wall Street Crash of 1929 and the Great Depression which followed in its wake. The overriding objective of securities legislation is the protection of the investor.
Israel's sole exchange is the Tel Aviv Stock Exchange. The authority reviews proposals to amend the stock exchanges' by-laws and recommends their adoption to the Minister of Finance and to the Knesset Finance Committee. It also approves the stock exchange’s directives and rules, and amendments to them. In addition, the authority is engaged in the supervision of trade on the exchange, and in addressing inquiries by the public pertaining to the exchange’s operations.
Concerns about ISA inactivity in binary trading frauds
Reports from Israel and overseas have expressed concern that despite repeated calls, the ISA has not taken robust action over multimillion-dollar activity in binary trading schemes, which are reported to be often fraudulent. Canada and Australia have warned of 11 such binary trading firms, most if not all of which are Israel-based.
|“||He said the goal is to make them lose as much money as possible. He tried to justify it by saying that people are dumb and this is what they want.||”|
According to the same source, there is widespread expectation within the binary trading industry that the ISA will take firm action to regulate them.
Natan Sharansky, head of the Jewish Agency, expressed dismay at the binary options scandal which he called repugnant, describing the industry as one which ‘uses immoral methods to entice innocent victims’. He appealed for the ISA to close it down 'with all its power'.
The chair of the ISA, Professor Shmuel Hauser, also expressed his shame and disgust at the frauds and says they are working on it.
In 2016, Binary options were prohibited from being offered locally to Israelis, and the ISA has submitted a draft law seeking a blanket binary options ban to offerings to all investors, the legislation is required as the ISA doesn't currently have jurisdiction over offerings outside of Israel. In October 2017, the law was passed by the Knesset to forbid offering of binary options trading services to foreign customers. In January 2018, the parliamentary decision has been upheld in the Supreme Court of Israel.
Combating unregulated offerings
In 2015-2017, following the collapse of alleged Ponzi schemes, namely Hilik Tapiro's Or Fund and Amir Bramly's Kela Fund, and a boom in unregulated activity due to harsh regulation on the one hand and the low interest rate on the other, the ISA has taken steps to prevent unregulated offerings to the public. These including warning the public of risks and prohibiting publication of financial details, including expected return, on any unregulated investment without issuing a prospectus.
- Chair of the ISA: Ms. Anat Guetta
- Senior Advisor to the Chairman and Director of the International Affairs Department - Mr. Offir Eyal, Adv.
- General Counsel - Mr. Amir Wasserman, Adv.
- Head of Administrative Enforcement Department Director - Dr. Ilana Lipsker-Modai, Adv.
- Director of the stock Exchange and Trading Platforms Supervision Department - Mr. Ithzik Shurki, CPA
- Investment Department Director - Mr. Dudu Lavi
- Corporate Finance Department Director - Mrs. Dorit Kadosh, CPA.
- Director of the Securities Department of the Israel Securities Authority in the Tel Aviv District Attorney’s office (taxation and economy) - Mrs. Judith Tirosh-Gross, Adv.
- Director of the Information Systems Department - Mr. Natan Hershkovitz
- Secretary General - Mr. Oded Spirer, Adv.
- Investigations, Intelligence, and Market Surveillance Department Director - Mrs. Zippi Gez, Adv.
- Deputy General Counsel - Mrs. Sarah Kandler, Adv.
- Spokeswoman and Head of Investor Education Unit - Ms. Hadar Horen
- ISA Chief Economist and Strategic Advisor - Mr. Ilan Gildin
- "ISA :: Anat Guetta". www.isa.gov.il. Retrieved 2019-09-23.
- "Role of the ISA". Retrieved 18 February 2014.
- "History". TASE.co.il. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
- Weinglass, Simona; Horovitz, David (2016-05-04). "Israeli binary options firm inadvertently tries to sell to Canadian fraud investigator". Times of Israel. Archived from the original on 2016-05-04. Retrieved 2019-09-23.
- "Securities investigator randomly contacted by illegal investment firm". Manitoba Securities Commission. 2016-04-20. Archived from the original on 2016-05-04. Retrieved 2019-09-23.
- Weinglass, Simona (2016-03-23). "The wolves of Tel Aviv: Israel's vast, amoral binary options scam exposed". Times of Israel. Archived from the original on 2016-05-04. Retrieved 2019-09-23.
- Weinglass, Simona; Horovitz, David (2016-04-07). "Ex-binary options salesman: Here's how we fleece the clients". Times of Israel. Archived from the original on 2016-05-04. Retrieved 2019-09-23.
- Cleveland, Tom (April 2016). "News Headline Alert: Israel's vast, amoral binary options scam exposed". Forex Fraud, website. Archived from the original on 2016-05-04. Retrieved 2019-09-23.
- Weinglass, Simona (2016-07-07). "Australia, Canada warn about 11 binary options firms, most of them Israeli". Times of Israel. Archived from the original on 2016-07-06. Retrieved 2019-09-23.
- Weinglass, Simona (2016-07-06). "What kind of person would rob an old woman?". Times of Israel. Archived from the original on 2016-07-09. Retrieved 2019-09-23.
- Wootliff, Raoul (2016-08-12). "Though fearing closure, the Wolves of Tel Aviv enjoy the party 'while it lasts'". Times of Israel. Archived from the original on 2016-08-12. Retrieved 2019-09-23.
- Horovitz, David; Weinglass, Simona (2016-08-15). "Sharansky to Israel's regulators: Shut down 'repugnant, immoral' binary options". Times of Israel. Archived from the original on 2016-09-07. Retrieved 2019-09-23.
- Stein, Ron (2017-02-23). "ISA to extend binary options ban to foreign customers". Globes. Retrieved 2019-09-23.
- "Binary Options Legal Status Guide". www.binarytrading.com. Retrieved 2019-09-23.
- Magen, Hadas (2017-02-02). "Israelis flock to overseas real estate investment funds". Globes. Retrieved 2019-09-23.
- "ISA :: Kela Fund – Clarifications to the Public". www.isa.gov.il. Retrieved 2019-09-23.
- בינדמן, רחלי (2016-07-07). "רשות ני"ע אוסרת פרסום פרטים על מיזמי השקעה לא מפוקחים" [ISA forbids publication of details on unregulated investment schemes]. כלכליסט - www.calcalist.co.il (in Hebrew). Retrieved 2019-09-23.
- "ISA-Senior Staff". ISA.gov.il. Retrieved 23 September 2019.