Israel at the Olympics
|Israel at the Olympic Games|
Israel has competed at the Olympic Games as a nation since 1952. Its National Olympic Committee was formed in 1933 during the British Mandate of Palestine. As the team represented the Jewish community, it boycotted the 1936 Games in Germany in protest of the Nazi Party's anti-Semitic policies.
In 1933 the Palestine National Olympic Committee was officially formed, and was recognized by the International Olympic Committee in May 1934, despite never competing. Although this committee represented Jews, Christians and Muslims their rules stated that they "represent[ed] the Jewish National Home."
Israel was previously part of the Asian Games Federation until it was disbanded in 1981. In 1982 instead of joining the new Olympic Council of Asia, Israel opted to join the European Olympic Committees.
Israel won its first Olympic medal in its tenth Olympic appearance, in 1992, in Judoka when Yael Arad won a silver medal. She was followed a day later by another judoka, Oren Smadja, who won bronze. Since then, Israel won at least one medal in five successive Summer Olympics until the streak ended in 2012. In 2004, Gal Fridman became Israel's first and only gold medallist in men's windsurfing. This was his second medal, following his bronze in 1996, and he is the only multi-medallist. Through 2014, Israel has not won any medals in the Winter Olympics.
Competing against Iran
The government of Iran has taken steps to avoid any competition between its athletes and those from Israel. An Iranian judoka, Arash Miresmaeili, did not compete in a match against Israeli Ehud Vaks during the 2004 Summer Olympics. He was officially disqualified for being overweight, however Miresmaeli was awarded US$125,000 in prize money by the Iranian government, an amount paid to all Iranian gold medal winners. The International Judo Federation conducted an investigation to see if he intentionally came in overweight in order to miss the bout. He was officially cleared of intentionally avoiding the bout, but his receipt of the prize money raised suspicion.
Medals by Games
Medals by sport
List of medalists
|Silver||Arad, YaelYael Arad||1992 Barcelona||Judo||Women's half middleweight|
|Bronze||Smadja, OrenOren Smadja||1992 Barcelona||Judo||Men's lightweight|
|Bronze||Fridman, GalGal Fridman||1996 Atlanta||Sailing||Men's sailboard|
|Bronze||Kolganov, MichaelMichael Kolganov||2000 Sydney||Canoeing||Men's K-1 500 metres|
|Bronze||Zeevi, ArielAriel Zeevi||2004 Athens||Judo||Men's half heavyweight|
|Gold||Fridman, GalGal Fridman||2004 Athens||Sailing||Men's sailboard|
|Bronze||Tzuberi, ShaharShahar Tzuberi||2008 Beijing||Sailing||Men's sailboard|
320 athletes were members of the Israeli Olympic delegation, though six of them didn't actually take part in competitions.
Athletes by sports:
|Gymnastics||31||9||1960, 1976–1992, 2000–2012|
|Fencing||13||9||1960, 1972–1984, 1992–2008|
|Weightlifting||11||6||1960, 1972–1984, 1992–1996|
- David Berger, 28, weightlifter
- Ze'ev Friedman, 28, weightlifter
- Yossef Gutfreund, 40, wrestling referee
- Eliezer Halfin, 24, wrestler
- Yossef Romano, 31, weightlifter
- Amitzur Shapira, 40, track coach
- Kehat Shorr, 53, shooting coach
- Mark Slavin, 18, wrestler
- Andre Spitzer, 27, fencing coach
- Yakov Springer, 51, weightlifting judge
- Moshe Weinberg, 33, wrestling coach
- "Historical Dictionary of the Olympic Movement".
- "The Movement to Boycott the Berlin Olympics of 1936". ushmm.org.
- "The New Dimension of International Terrorism".
- "Sport, Politics and Society in the Land of Israel".
- "Israel". eurolympic.org.
- "Yael Arad, Judoka, JudoInside". judoinside.com.
- "Shay-Oren Smadja, Judoka, JudoInside". judoinside.com.
- "Gal Fridman". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com.
- "Israel". paralympic.org.
- "BBC NEWS - Europe - Mystery over Iran judo 'protest'". bbc.co.uk.
- "Michael Kolganov". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com.
- "Ariel Zeevi, Judoka, JudoInside". judoinside.com.
- "BBC SPORT - Olympics - Sailing - Dempsey misses windsurfing medal". bbc.co.uk.