In 1933 the British Mandate of Palestine Olympic Committee (PNOC) was officially formed, and was recognized by the International Olympic Committee in May 1934, despite never competing. Although the PNOC represented Jews, Christians and Muslims their rules stated that they "represent the Jewish National Home."
Israel won its first Olympic medal in its tenth Olympic appearance, in 1992, in Judoka when Yael Arad won a silver metal. She was followed a day later by another judoka, Oren Smadja, who won bronze. Since then, Israel won at least one medal in five successive Summer Olympics until the streak ended in 2012. In 2004, Gal Fridman became Israel's first and only gold medallist in men's windsurfing. This was his second medal, following his bronze in 1996, and he is the only multi-medallist.
The government of Iran has taken steps to avoid any competition between its athletes and those from Israel. An Iranian judoka, Arash Miresmaeili, did not compete in a match against Israeli Ehud Vaks during the 2004 Summer Olympics. He was officially disqualified for being overweight, however Miresmaeli was awarded US$125,000 in prize money by the Iranian government, an amount paid to all Iranian gold medal winners. The International Judo Federation conducted an investigation to see if he intentionally came in underweight in order to miss the bout. He was officially cleared of intentionally avoiding the bout, but his receipt of the prize money raised suspicion.