|Territory||Israel, Europe, United States|
|Ethnicity||Maghrebi Jews, Russian Jews, Georgian Jews and Arabs including (Bedouins),|
|Criminal activities||Drug trafficking, diamond trafficking, racketeering, loan sharking, robbery, extortion, money laundering, highjacking, gambling, prostitution, bookmaking, weapons trafficking, human trafficking, Lobbying|
|Allies||Italian-American mafia, Russian mafia, Georgian mafia, Romanian mafia, Jewish American mafia, Italian organized crime groups|
|Rivals||Aryan Brotherhood, Nazi Lowriders, Neo Nazis and Mexican drug cartels|
The Israeli mafia is the general term for organized crime groups operating in Israel and also internationally. Allegedly there are 16 crime families operating in Israel, five major groups active on the national level, and 11 smaller organizations. There are reputed to be six Maghrebi Jewish crime families active and three Arab crime families. Many heads and members of the crime groups have either been killed or are in prison.
Organized crime in Israel
The major crime groups are the Abergils, the Abutbuls, the Alperons, the Dumranis, the Shirazis, the Amir Molnar and Zeev Rosenstein syndicates. The illegal activities they are engaged in include: Operating casinos and other forms of gambling inside and outside Israel, Car theft, Prostitution, Drug trafficking, Human trafficking, Money Laundering, Protection and extortion rackets, Loan sharking, and Drug dealing.
According to Israel’s former Police Commissioner David Cohen, Israeli crime organizations had penetrated the formal economic sector and local governments, and “equipped themselves with large quantities of combat means explosives and arms.” In a mob war starting in the early 2000s between the crime families, several crime bosses were killed. It also cost the lives of innocent bystanders. The Iakhbal is the Israeli Special Police Unit that fights organized crime.
In Israeli politics
In 2010, it was reported by Wikileaks that the United States Embassy in Israel, expressed grave concern that Inbal Gavrieli, the niece of one of Israel's most powerful mafia families, had been elected to the Knesset as an MK for the Likud party.
North-African and Middle Eastern crime families
The immigration of Egyptian and Moroccan Jews to Israel and their settlement in the more impoverished neighborhoods led to the creation of crime families among Maghrebi Jews as well. This is evident in the fact that a large number of Israeli organized criminals have fled to Morocco in recent years. Israeli crime families of Moroccan Jewish descent expanded their operations to Europe and the USA, especially with their involvement in drug trafficking. Some of Israel's more well-known crime families are of North African and Middle Eastern Jewish descent: the Abergil crime family as well as the Abutbul and Domrani clans are originally from Morocco, the Alperon clan came from Egypt, and the Shirazi clan from Iran.
The Russian mafia in Israel began with the mass immigration of Russian Jews to Israel in 1989. The Russian mafia saw Israel as an ideal place to launder money, as Israel's banking system was designed to encourage aliyah, the immigration of Jews, and the accompanying capital. Following the trend of global financial deregulation, Israel had also implemented legislation aimed at easing the movement of capital. Combined with the lack of anti-money laundering legislation, "Russian" organised crime found it an easy place to transfer ill-gotten gains. In 2005, police estimated that Russian organised crime had laundered between $5 and 10 billion in the fifteen years since the end of the Soviet Union. Non-Jewish criminals such as Sergei Mikhailov sought to get Israeli passports, using fake Jewish documentation.
Russian and Ukrainian Jewish criminals have also been able to set up networks in the United States, following the large migration of Russian Jews to New York and Miami, but also in European cities such as Berlin and Antwerp. Many of these Russian gangsters have Israeli passports as well. Infamous Russian-Jewish mobsters include Marat Balagula, Evsei Agron and their respective criminal gangs in the United States. Soviet-Jewish criminal groups in the United States are involved in racketeering, prostitution, drug trafficking, extortion, and gasoline fraud as well as murder.
Georgian-Jewish organized crime
Family-based organized crime groups were formed among Georgian Jewish immigrants to Israel as well. Georgian-Jewish crime families have been able to expand their operations to Western European cities such as Antwerp. They are involved in counterfeiting, fraud, money laundering, drug trafficking, weapon trafficking, prostitution and armed robbery. Such was the case with the Georgian-Jewish Melikhov clan in Antwerp.
In the United States
In the 1980s Israelis set up a crime syndicate headed by Johnny Attias in New York, dubbed the “Israeli mafia”. It pulled off the biggest gold heist in the history of Manhattan's jewelry district, getting away with over $4 million in gold jewelry. Attias was murdered in January 1990, and New York's Israeli mafia fell apart soon after. Several members among them Ron Gonen had turned informant and the authorities arrested the rest of the gang in September of that year.
Israeli crime organizations such as the Abergil crime family and Zeev Rosenstein were heavily involved in ecstasy trafficking in the United States. In a statement before Congress in 2000, officials with the U.S. Customs Service noted that "Israeli organized-crime elements appear to be in control" of the multibillion-dollar U.S. ecstasy trade, "from production through the international smuggling phase". The main drug supplier of former Gambino crime family underboss Sammy Gravano in his Arizona drug ring allegedly was New York based Israeli mobster Ilan Zarger, who allegedly distributed more than one million ecstasy pills from May 1999 to May 2000 with a wholesale value of $7 million. He pleaded guilty to charges of running a drug gang that flooded Arizona and New York with almost four million ecstasy pills over three years. Another Israeli, Oded Tuito, said to head one of the largest ecstasy-smuggling organization, which imported millions of ecstasy pills from Paris, Brussels and Frankfurt into New York, Miami and Los Angeles, was arrested in May 2001.
In 2006 Zeev Rosenstein was extradited to the U.S., after being arrested in Israel. He pleaded guilty before a federal court in Florida to charges that he distributed ecstasy pills and was sentenced to 12 years in prison which he serves in Israel. In January 2011, Itzik Abergil and Meir Abergil and three other suspects were extradited to the U.S.
They faced 77-page, 32-count federal indictment that alleges murder, massive embezzlement, money laundering, racketeering and running a large Los Angeles-based ecstasy ring.
Zeev Rosenstein, escorted by federal agents, on his way from Israel to trial in the USA.
- Abergil Crime Family - Top criminal organization in Israel, involved mostly in drug trafficking and illegal gambling.
- Yaakov Alperon - Head of the Alperon Crime Family, until his car bombing assassination on November 17, 2008.
- Ludwig Fainberg - He was a crime figure in America with connections to the Medellin Cartel and the Russian Mafia, until he got busted.
- Zeev Rosenstein - Used to be the top crime figure in Tel-Aviv, until he was caught. He was heavily involved in drug trafficking, mostly ecstasy, and allegedly ran other criminal operations as well.
- "VICELAND: Charlie Abutbul was badly wounded in a hail of bullets inside a Netanya eatery on Monday". Vicelander.blogspot.be. 2008-09-10. Retrieved 2013-05-07.
- Jonathan Lis (March 15, 2009). "Police cite significant achievements against major crime families. The Israel Police spent the past year focusing on Israel's 16 crime families". Haaretz.
- Marc Perelman (October 16, 2008). "Israel Seeks U.S. Help To Fight Mob Crime Wave". The Jewish Daily Forward. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- WikiLeaks: U.S. worried Israel becoming 'the promised land' for organized crime, Haaretz, December 3, 2010
- Khalil, Ashraf (January 6, 2009). "Police in Israel grapple with a mafia gang war". Los Angeles Times.
- "New destination for alleged Israeli mobsters on the run: Morocco". Haaretz.com. 14 September 2012. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- "Israëlische mafiabaas is onzichtbare spin in xtc-web / Nieuws / Politics.be - Jouw politieke portaalsite". Politics.be. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- "The Jewish Press » » Charlie Abutbul". The Jewish Press. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- Misha Glenny (2008). McMafia : seriously organised crime. London: Vintage Books. pp. 120–121. ISBN 978-0-09-948125-6.
- Glenny (2008) p. 130-131
- "The Jewish Mafia: An Interview with Hervé Ryssen". Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- Jews of Brooklyn. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- "NCJRS Abstract - National Criminal Justice Reference Service". Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- "Parket wil Belg-zijn afpakken". Het Nieuwsblad. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- "Gansters krijgen vrijbrief - helden worden gestraft". Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- Dave Copeland (2007). Blood and Volume: Inside New York's Israeli Mafia. Fort Lee, N.J.: Barricade Books. ISBN 978-1-56980-327-1.
- Summers, Chris; Quinn, Jennifer (June 7, 2004). "Israel struggles to keep a lid on crime". BBC News. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- Christopher Ketcham (May 7, 2002). "The Israeli "art student" mystery". Salon.com. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- Alan Feuer (December 15, 2000). "New Charges in Ecstasy Case Are Filed Against Gravano". The New York Times.
- "Ecstasy Dealer Sold To Gravano, Feds Say". New York Daily News. July 7, 2000. Archived from the original on April 21, 2011. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- Feuer, Alan (May 25, 2001). "Gravano and Son Are to Enter Guilty Pleas in Ecstasy Case". The New York Times. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- Ramirez, Anthony (January 9, 2001). "Brooklyn Drug Dealer Pleads Guilty". The New York Times. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- Alan Feuer (May 27, 2001). "In Drug Case, a Chip Off the Old Bull". The New York Times. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- Gad J. Bensinger. "Organized Crime in Israel: An Update (Part 1)". Crime and Justice International Magazine.
- Gad J. Bensinger. "Organized Crime in Israel: An Update (Part 2)". Crime and Justice International Magazine.
- Ethan Brown (Jul 24, 2000). "e-commerce". New York Magazine. p. 3.
- Douglas Century (August 3, 2009). "Holy Land Gangland". Tablet Magazine.
- Isabel Kershner (November 20, 2008). "Shiva, Gangland Style, Behind Burly Guards and Security Cameras". The New York Times.
- "Israel, a Promised land for Organised Crime?". WikiLeaks. May 15, 2009, released December 1, 2010. Check date values in: