|Supreme Guide of the Syrian Muslim Brotherhood|
|Deputy||Ali Sadreddine Al-Bayanouni|
|Preceded by||Mustafa al-Siba'i|
|Succeeded by||Adnan Saad al-Din|
|Born||1927 (age 90–91)
French Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon
|Relations||Najah al-Attar (sister)|
Issam al-Attar (Arabic: عصام العطار) is a former Muslim Brotherhood leader, a symbol of resistance to Hafez al-Assad, and in exile in Germany since the 1970s. He was born in 1927 in Syria. He was the second Supreme Guide of the Syrian Muslim Brotherhood, taking over from its founder, Mustafa al-Siba'i, in 1961. His sister, Najah al-Attar is the Vice President of Syria and is the only woman to have served in the post, which she has held since 2006. Previously she was Minister of Culture from 1976 to 2000.
Attar was denied re-entry to Syria by the newly installed Ba'athist government following a haj trip to Mecca in 1963, and has lived in exile in Germany since the 1970s. Attar was in turn removed from his position as Supreme Guide in 1980 as a result of poor health and due to repeated government victories in the Islamic uprising in Syria. He has led the Talaa’i organization in Germany since the late 1970s, which works mostly with non-Syrian Muslims. He still consults with the Syrian Muslim Brotherhood on Syria related issues.
- "History Repeats Itself as Tragedy". Foreign Policy. 21 September 2012. Retrieved 22 September 2012.
- "Syria's First Female Vice President Hailed as Progress for Women". Arab News. 24 March 2006. Archived from the original on 17 January 2012. Retrieved 18 February 2011.
- "Syrian exiles call for army to side with people". Reuters. 13 July 2011. Retrieved 23 September 2012.
- "The Battle within Syria: An Interview with Muslim Brotherhood Leader Ali Bayanouni". The Jamestown Foundation. 11 August 2005. Retrieved 22 September 2012.
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