Issaquah Creek

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Issaquah Creek
Issaquah Creek - Upper Dam.jpg
Upper dam on Issaquah Creek
Issaquah Creek is located in Washington (state)
Issaquah Creek
Location of the mouth of Issaquah Creek in Washington
Issaquah Creek is located in the United States
Issaquah Creek
Issaquah Creek (the United States)
Location
CountryUnited States
StateWashington
CountyKing
Physical characteristics
SourceIssaquah Alps
 - coordinates47°26′41″N 121°59′28″W / 47.44472°N 121.99111°W / 47.44472; -121.99111[1]
MouthLake Sammamish
 - coordinates
47°33′43″N 122°3′52″W / 47.56194°N 122.06444°W / 47.56194; -122.06444Coordinates: 47°33′43″N 122°3′52″W / 47.56194°N 122.06444°W / 47.56194; -122.06444[1]
Length13 mi (21 km)[2]
Basin size61 sq mi (160 km2)[4]
Discharge 
 - locationUSGS gage 12121600 at river mile 1.2[3]
 - average130 cu ft/s (3.7 m3/s)[3]
 - minimum6.2 cu ft/s (0.18 m3/s)
 - maximum3,200 cu ft/s (91 m3/s)

Issaquah Creek is a small stream flowing through the city of Issaquah and nearby communities, in the U.S. state of Washington. Its headwaters are on the slopes of Cougar, Squak, Tiger, and Taylor mountains in the Issaquah Alps. Tributaries of Issaquah Creek include Holder Creek, Carey Creek, Fifteen-mile Creek, McDonald Creek, East Fork Issaquah Creek, and North Fork Issaquah Creek. The creek empties into the south end of Lake Sammamish. The lake's outlet is the Sammamish River, which in turn empties into Lake Washington and ultimately Puget Sound.[4]

Issaquah Creek's drainage basin is over 75% forest land and less than 10% urbanized or cleared. The basin is one of the three most significant in urbanizing King County. The upper and middle portions of the basin have been identified as a Regionally Significant Resource area due to their exceptional fish habitat and undeveloped character. The entire basin is an important salmon migration and spawning area. Carry Creek and Holder Creek, in the upper Issaquah Creek basin, provide particularly excellent salmonid habitat.[4]

Every October people gather on its shores to watch the salmon traveling upstream.[5] Fishing in Issaquah Creek is only practiced legally by anglers under age 15[6] and by the local Native Americans.[citation needed].

Issaquah Creek and its tributaries support Chinook, coho, and sockeye salmon (both anadromous sockeye and resident kokanee), coastal cutthroat trout, and steelhead. Chinook and coho are reared by the state Issaquah Salmon Hatchery, located three miles upstream from the creek's mouth.[4] The hatchery has been releasing Chinook salmon into Issaquah Creek since 1936.[7] In recent years,[when?] approximately two million Chinook smolts have been released each year.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Issaquah Creek
  2. ^ Calculated in Google Earth
  3. ^ a b "Water-Data Report 2008, 12121600 Issaquah Creek" (PDF). USGS. Retrieved 5 August 2009.
  4. ^ a b c d "Issaquah Creek Site 0631". King County Water and Land Resources Division. Retrieved 5 August 2009.
  5. ^ Cohen, Fiona (2017-10-03). "See Salmon Run: Salmon-Spotting Places Around Seattle and the Eastside". KCTS 9 - Public Television. Retrieved 2018-03-23.
  6. ^ "Washington Sport Fishing Rules Pamphlet" (PDF). wdfw.wa.gov. 2016-12-22. Retrieved 2018-03-22.
  7. ^ "History of the Issaquah Salmon Hatchery – Friends of the Issaquah Salmon Hatchery". www.issaquahfish.org. Retrieved 2018-03-23.
  8. ^ "Timing, abundance, and population characteristics of spawning Chinook salmon in the Cedar/Sammamish Watershed" (PDF). King County. Retrieved 5 August 2009.

Further reading[edit]

  • Manning, Harvey. 50+ Trails of Cougar Mountain Regional Wildland Park, Squak Mountain State Park, Lake Sammanmish State Park, Coal Creek Park, May Creek Park.Issaquah: Issaquah Alps Trails Club, 1985.

External links[edit]