This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. (February 2018)
|System||Turkish State Railways|
|Opened||4 April 1873|
|Owner||Turkish State Railways (Istanbul-Hudut)|
Hellenic Railways Organization (Hudut-Pythio)
|Line length||281.4 km (174.9 mi)|
|Number of tracks||Double track (Sirkeci-Halkalı)|
single track (Halkalı-Demirköprü)
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Electrification||25 kV (Istanbul-Pehlivanköy)|
|Operating speed||100 km/h (62 mph)|
The İstanbul–Pythio railway is the main railway line in Eastern Thrace and is the Turkish State Railways trunk line to Europe. It was built in 1873 as part of the Chemins de fer Orientaux main line between İstanbul and Belgrade. It is 281.4 km (174.9 mi) long. The line is Turkey's only railway connecting to Europe and is an important freight corridor for the country.
When it was opened the line fell entirely within the Ottoman Empire. However, after World War I, a new border was established between Greece and Turkey. The line from Pythio to Edirne fell within Greek territory, and only the İstanbul-Demirköprü section still remained in Turkish territory. In 1971, the State railways built a new line from Pehlivanköy to the Bulgarian border at Kapıkule, bypassing Greek territory.
The original line to Pythio is still used for connections to Greece.
The line starts in Istanbul Sirkeci station, almost next to the Golden Horn mouth. It then follows the Marmara seashore to exist the city, passing the Istanbul walls at Yedikule. It then goes through the suburb to Halkalı, the current end point of the double track. From there the line goes North for a few kilometers to go around a lake before resuming is course westward.
At Çatalca , the line will start climbing at an average rate of 6‰ to a 200m high point near the Kurfallı station. It will then descend back to Çerkezköy station. From there, the line will follow the Ergene River all the way until Uzunköprü station, at an average altitude of 50m.
From Uzunköprü station, the line will turn North West to reach the Meriç River where it will cross the current border to Greece to reach the Pythio station. The river crossing is done over a metallic bridge.
- Istanbul suburban for details between Sirkeci and Halkalı
- Çorlu train derailment occurred on July 8, 2018, caused by damaged track structure following heavy rainfall. The accident resulted in derailed five of six cars, 24 dead and 318 injured passengers including 42 severely.
- CO History
- "Tekirdağ'da tren kazasında hayatını kaybedenler toprağa veriliyor". TRT Haber (in Turkish). 10 July 2018. Retrieved 10 July 2018.