Istanbul–Pythio railway

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İstanbul-Pythio railway
Bahnhof Pithion Züge.jpg
Pythio station.
Overview
Type Heavy rail
System Turkish State Railways
Status Operational
Locale East Thrace
Termini Istanbul, Turkey
Pythio, Greece
Operation
Opened 4 April 1873
Owner Turkish State Railways (Istanbul-Hudut)
Hellenic Railways Organization (Hudut-Pythio)
Technical
Line length 281.4 km (174.9 mi)
Number of tracks Double track (Sirkeci-Halkalı)
single track (Halkalı-Demirköprü)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 25 kV (Istanbul-Pehlivanköy)
Operating speed 100 km/h (62 mph)
Route map

Distance
Station
0 km
0 mi
Istanbul
Sirkeci Docks
Sirkeci Electric Depot
Topkapı Palace
2.1 km
1.3 mi
Cankurtaran
3.8 km
2.4 mi
Kumkapı
4.8 km
3 mi
Yenikapı
6.5 km
4 mi
Kocamustafapaşa
7.4 km
4.6 mi
Yedikule
Marmaray tunnel
to Söğütlüçeşme
Yedikule Electric Depot
8.6 km
5.3 mi
Kazlıçeşme
9.7 km
6 mi
Zeytinburnu
11.8 km
7.3 mi
Yeni Mahalle
12.6 km
7.8 mi
Bakırköy
14.7 km
9.1 mi
Ataköy
16.5 km
10.3 mi
Yeşilyurt
17.6 km
10.9 mi
Yeşilköy
21.1 km
13.1 mi
Florya
22.2 km
13.8 mi
Menekşe
D-100
23.8 km
14.8 mi
Küçükçekmece
25.2 km
15.7 mi
Mustafa Kemal
26.2 km
16.3 mi
Kanarya
Halkalı Yard
27.6 km
17.1 mi
Halkalı
Halkalı Marmaray Yard
30.8 km
19.1 mi
Yarımburgaz
Sazlıdere
32.2 km
20 mi
Altınşehir
38.1 km
23.7 mi
Ispartakule
44.6 km
27.7 mi
Deliklikaya
46.1 km
28.6 mi
Ömerli
49.4 km
30.7 mi
Yeşilbayır
Hadımköy
Bahşayiş
Lake Büyükçekmece
66.6 km
41.4 mi
Çatalca
65.2 km
40.5 mi
Gökçeali
D-569
71.8 km
44.6 mi
İnceğiz
74.4 km
46.2 mi
Kabakça
86.4 km
53.7 mi
Kurfalı
96.9 km
60.2 mi
Sinekli
104.6 km
65 mi
Çayırdere
Istanbul
Tekirdağ
Ambar Creek
D-567
Ambar Creek
Former Wye
114.7 km
71.3 mi
Çerkezköy
Çorlu Creek
Barsan Logistics
135.8 km
84.4 mi
Veliköy
Çorlu Creek
141.6 km
88 mi
Velimeşe
147.5 km
91.7 mi
Yulaflı
D-100
153.8 km
95.6 mi
Çorlu
164.6 km
102.3 mi
Sarılar
169.5 km
105.3 mi
Balabanlı
Çorlu Creek
179.7 km
111.7 mi
Muratlı
D-565
Muratlı-Tekirdağ railway
Ergene River
Tekirdağ
Kırklareli
195.1 km
121.2 mi
Seyitler
Ergene River
199.2 km
123.8 mi
Karabeyli
204.3 km
126.9 mi
Ovacık
208.9 km
129.8 mi
Müsellimköy
Ergene River
212.7 km
132.2 mi
Lüleburgaz
Köprüaltı Creek
218.1 km
135.5 mi
Sarıcaali
Alpullu Sugar Factory
229.3 km
142.5 mi
Alpullu
Pancarköy Creek
D-550
235 km
146 mi
Müsellimköy
Mandıra-Kırklareli railway
Büyükdere
243 km
151 mi
Doğanca
Doğanca Creek
250.7 km
155.8 mi
Pehlivanköy
Kırklareli
Edirne
Pehlivanköy-Svilengrad railway
to Svilengrad
260.1 km
161.6 mi
Bayramlı
D-555
271.3 km
168.6 mi
Uzunköprü
Wye
279.3 km
173.5 mi
Demirköprü
280.9 km
174.5 mi
Maritsa
Alexandroupoli-Svilengrad railway
to Alexandroupoli
282.2 km
175.4 mi
Pythio
Alexandroupoli-Svilengrad railway
to Svilengrad

The İstanbul–Pythio railway is the main railway line in Eastern Thrace and is the Turkish State Railways trunk line to Europe. It was built in 1873 as part of the Chemins de fer Orientaux main line between İstanbul and Belgrade.[1] It is 281.4 km (174.9 mi) long. The line is Turkey's only railway connecting to Europe and is an important freight corridor for the country.

When it was opened the line fell entirely within the Ottoman Empire. However, after World War I, a new border was established between Greece and Turkey. The line from Pythio to Edirne fell within Greek territory, and only the İstanbul-Demirköprü section still remained in Turkish territory. In 1971, the State railways built a new line from Pehlivanköy to the Bulgarian border at Kapıkule, bypassing Greek territory.

The original line to Pythio is still used for connections to Greece.

Due to construction of the Marmaray commuter rail system in Istanbul as well as the rehabilitation of the eastern part of the railway, service between Çerkezköy and Istanbul is temporarily suspended.

See also[edit]

  • Çorlu train derailment occurred on July 8, 2018, caused by damaged track structure following heavy rainfall. The accident resulted in derailed five of six cars, 24 dead and 318 injured passengers including 42 severely.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ CO History
  2. ^ "Tekirdağ'da tren kazasında hayatını kaybedenler toprağa veriliyor". TRT Haber (in Turkish). July 10, 2018. Retrieved July 10, 2018.