Istanbul–Pythio railway

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Istanbul-Pythio railway
Bahnhof Pithion Züge.jpg
Pythio station.
Overview
TypeHeavy rail
SystemTurkish State Railways
StatusOperational
LocaleEast Thrace
TerminiIstanbul, Turkey
Pythio, Greece
Operation
Opened4 April 1873
OwnerTurkish State Railways (Istanbul-Hudut)
Hellenic Railways Organization (Hudut-Pythio)
Technical
Line length281.4 km (174.9 mi)
Number of tracksDouble track (Sirkeci-Halkalı)
single track (Halkalı-Demirköprü)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification25 kV (Istanbul-Pehlivanköy)
Operating speed100 km/h (62 mph)
Route map

Distance
Station
Marmaray tunnel
to Söğütlüçeşme
0 km
0 mi
Istanbul
Sirkeci Docks
2.1 km
1.3 mi
Cankurtaran
3.8 km
2.4 mi
Kumkapı
4.8 km
3 mi
Yenikapı
Yenikapı Transfer Center
6.5 km
4 mi
Kocamustafapaşa
7.4 km
4.6 mi
Yedikule
8.6 km
5.3 mi
Kazlıçeşme
9.7 km
6 mi
Zeytinburnu
11.8 km
7.3 mi
Yeni Mahalle
12.6 km
7.8 mi
Bakırköy
14.7 km
9.1 mi
Ataköy
16.5 km
10.3 mi
Yeşilyurt
17.6 km
10.9 mi
Yeşilköy
21.1 km
13.1 mi
Florya
22.2 km
13.8 mi
Menekşe
D.100
23.8 km
14.8 mi
Küçükçekmece
25.2 km
15.7 mi
Mustafa Kemal
26.2 km
16.3 mi
Kanarya
Halkalı Yard
27.6 km
17.1 mi
Halkalı
Halkalı Marmaray Yard
30.8 km
19.1 mi
Yarımburgaz
Sazlıdere
32.2 km
20 mi
Altınşehir
O-3
38.1 km
23.7 mi
Ispartakule
44.6 km
27.7 mi
Deliklikaya
46.1 km
28.6 mi
Ömerli
1980 realignment
49.4 km
30.7 mi
Yeşilbayır
Hadımköy
Bahşayiş
Lake Büyükçekmece
66.6 km
41.4 mi
Çatalca
65.2 km
40.5 mi
Gökçeali
D.569
71.8 km
44.6 mi
İnceğiz
74.4 km
46.2 mi
Kabakça
86.4 km
53.7 mi
Kurfalı
96.9 km
60.2 mi
Sinekli
104.6 km
65 mi
Çayırdere
Istanbul
Tekirdağ
D.567
114.7 km
71.3 mi
Çerkezköy
135.8 km
84.4 mi
Veliköy
141.6 km
88 mi
Velimeşe
O-3
147.5 km
91.7 mi
Yulaflı
D.100
153.8 km
95.6 mi
Çorlu
164.6 km
102.3 mi
Sarılar
169.5 km
105.3 mi
Balabanlı
179.7 km
111.7 mi
Muratlı
D.565
Line to Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
Kırklareli
195.1 km
121.2 mi
Seyitler
199.2 km
123.8 mi
Karabeyli
204.3 km
126.9 mi
Ovacık
208.9 km
129.8 mi
Müsellimköy
212.7 km
132.2 mi
Lüleburgaz
218.1 km
135.5 mi
Sarıcaali
Alpullu Sugar Factory
229.3 km
142.5 mi
Alpullu
D.550
235 km
146 mi
Müsellimköy
Line to Kırklareli
243 km
151 mi
Doğanca
250.7 km
155.8 mi
Pehlivanköy
Kırklareli
Edirne
Line to Svilengrad
260.1 km
161.6 mi
Bayramlı
D.555
271.3 km
168.6 mi
Uzunköprü
279.3 km
173.5 mi
Demirköprü
280.9 km
174.5 mi
Maritsa
Line to Alexandroupoli
282.2 km
175.4 mi
Pythio
Line to Svilengrad

The İstanbul–Pythio railway is the main railway line in Eastern Thrace and is the Turkish State Railways trunk line to Europe. It was built in 1873 as part of the Chemins de fer Orientaux main line between İstanbul and Belgrade.[1] It is 281.4 km (174.9 mi) long. The line is Turkey's only railway connecting to Europe and is an important freight corridor for the country.

When it was opened the line fell entirely within the Ottoman Empire. However, after World War I, a new border was established between Greece and Turkey. The line from Pythio to Edirne fell within Greek territory, and only the İstanbul-Demirköprü section still remained in Turkish territory. In 1971, the State railways built a new line from Pehlivanköy to the Bulgarian border at Kapıkule, bypassing Greek territory.

The original line to Pythio is still used for connections to Greece.

Due to construction of the Marmaray commuter rail system in Istanbul as well as the rehabilitation of the eastern part of the railway, service between Çerkezköy and Istanbul is temporarily suspended.


Route[edit]

The line starts in Istanbul Sirkeci station, almost next to the Golden Horn mouth. It then follows the Marmara seashore to exist the city, passing the Istanbul walls at Yedikule. It then goes through the suburb to Halkalı, the current end point of the double track. From there the line goes North for a few kilometers to go around a lake before resuming is course westward.

At Çatalca , the line will start climbing at an average rate of 6‰ to a 200m high point near the Kurfallı station. It will then descend back to Çerkezköy station. From there, the line will follow the Ergene River all the way until Uzunköprü station, at an average altitude of 50m.

From Uzunköprü station, the line will turn North West to reach the Meriç River where it will cross the current border to Greece to reach the Pythio station. The river crossing is done over a metallic bridge.

See also[edit]

  • Istanbul suburban for details between Sirkeci and Halkalı
  • Çorlu train derailment occurred on July 8, 2018, caused by damaged track structure following heavy rainfall. The accident resulted in derailed five of six cars, 24 dead and 318 injured passengers including 42 severely.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ CO History
  2. ^ "Tekirdağ'da tren kazasında hayatını kaybedenler toprağa veriliyor". TRT Haber (in Turkish). 10 July 2018. Retrieved 10 July 2018.