Istanbul Atatürk Airport
|Istanbul Atatürk Airport|
İstanbul Atatürk Havalimanı
|Owner||General Directorate of State Airports (DHMİ)|
|Location||Yeşilköy, Bakırköy, Turkey|
1912 (as airfield)|
1953 (as airport)
|Elevation AMSL||163 ft / 50 m|
Istanbul Atatürk Airport (IATA: IST, ICAO: LTBA) (Turkish: İstanbul Atatürk Havalimanı) is the main international airport serving Istanbul, and the biggest airport in Turkey by total number of passengers, destinations served and aircraft movements. First opened in 1912 in Yeşilköy as a military airfield, on the European side of the city, it is located 24 km (15 mi) west of the city centre and serves as the main hub for Turkish Airlines. The city's other, smaller, international airport is Sabiha Gökçen International Airport. As of February 2017, 273 non-stop destinations are served from Istanbul-Atatürk, making it the airport with the second-most non-stop destinations worldwide after Frankfurt Airport.
The airport was originally named Yeşilköy Airport. In the 1980s, it was renamed Istanbul Atatürk International Airport in honour of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder and first president of the Republic of Turkey. It served more than 60 million passengers in 2015, making it the 11th-busiest airport in the world in terms of total passenger traffic and the 10th-busiest in the world in terms of international passenger traffic. As of 2017, it is Europe's 5th-busiest airport after London Heathrow, Paris Charles de Gaulle, Frankfurt Airport and Amsterdam Schiphol Airport, having fallen from third place after a decline in passengers due to security fears.
- 1 Facilities
- 2 Replacement
- 3 Airlines and destinations
- 4 Statistics
- 5 Other facilities
- 6 Ground transport
- 7 Accidents and incidents
- 8 Accolades
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Domestic Terminal is the older and smaller of the two terminals and exclusively handles domestic flights within Turkey. Until the opening of the International Terminal, it was the airport's international terminal. Domestic Terminal features its own check-in and airside facilities on the upper floor that lead to twelve departure gates (101-112) which are equipped with jet bridges. On the ground level there are five baggage reclaim belts as well as a curbside independent from the International Terminal.
This section needs to be updated.(April 2018)
The International Terminal was inaugurated in 2000 and is used for all international flights. It features a large main hall containing eight check-in isles and a wide range of airside facilities such as shops and restaurants. The departures area consists of 27 gates (201-226) which are all equipped with jetbridges as well as several bus-boarding stands. The arrivals floor below is equipped with 11 baggage reclaim belts. The International Terminal is able to handle widebody aircraft such as Turkish Airlines' Boeing 777-300ERs.
Planned as the largest airport in the world, Istanbul New Airport, a new third airport is under construction in order to meet Istanbul's growing domestic and international air traffic demand as a source, destination and transit point. A site in the European part on the coast of the Black Sea has been chosen and construction started in May 2015. The first phase of the new airport is projected to be completed on October 29, 2018, with first flights starting the following day. At opening, it will consist of two runways and the main terminal building, with an initial annual capacity of 90 million passengers. After its opening, Atatürk Airport will be closed to scheduled passenger air traffic. Its IST IATA airport code will be inherited by Istanbul New Airport and Atatürk Airport will be assigned the code ISL once the transfer of scheduled passenger activities to the new airport is complete.
Airlines and destinations
The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Istanbul Atatürk Airport:
Istanbul Atatürk Airport shares traffic with Sabiha Gökçen International Airport, which is on the Anatolian (Asian) side of Istanbul, which had annual passenger traffic of 11.1 million in 2010 rising to 28m in 2015.
Below is the passenger data and development for Istanbul Atatürk Airport (only) for the years 2002–2017:
IST ranked 17th in ACI statistics at the end of 2011 in terms of international traffic with almost 24 million international passengers. It ranked 29th in the world in terms of total passenger traffic with over 37.4 million passengers in 2011. Its total traffic within the last decade more than tripled, and its international traffic quadrupled.
According to data from FlightStats in 2012, the Atatürk Airport had the most flight delays in Europe, and was ranked second in flight cancellations.
- Turkish Airlines has its headquarters in the Turkish Airlines General Management Building, located within the airport campus.
- Onur Air has its headquarters in Technical Hangar B.
- Prima Aviation Services Inc. has its MRO Facilities in new technical site at the air side Gate A.
There are several ways to travel between Atatürk International Airport and the city center.
Subway Service: Metro service on the Istanbul Metro line M1A exists between Yenikapı and Atatürk International Airport Metro Station. The line goes through some major parts of the European side of the city, including the intercity bus terminal.
Bus and coach
The shuttle services are operated by Havataş, which is one of the major ground handling companies within Turkey. The buses run half-hourly to Bakırköy, Yenikapı, Aksaray, Taksim Square. Municipal buses also run to Taksim, Etiler and Kozyatağı.
Accidents and incidents
- On 30 January 1975, Turkish Airlines Flight 345, crashed into the Sea of Marmara during its final approach to the airport. All 42 passengers and crew on board were killed.
- On 25 April 2015, Turkish Airlines Flight 1878, operated by A320-200, TC-JPE was severely damaged in a landing accident. The aircraft aborted the first hard landing, which inflicted engine and gear damage. On the second attempt at landing, the right gear collapsed and the aircraft rolled off the runway spinning 180 degrees. All on board evacuated without injury.
- On 28 June 2016, three terrorists killed 44 civilians by gunfire and subsequent suicide bombings, along with 239 civilians injured. The three men arrived in a taxi cab, and began opening fire at a terminal. The three men blew themselves up when police began opening fire. The airport has X-ray scanners at the entrance to the terminal but security checks for cars are limited.
- The Turkish Chamber of Civil Engineers lists Atatürk International Airport as one of the fifty civil engineering feats in Turkey, a list of remarkable engineering projects completed in the first 50 years of the chamber's existence.
- In the 2013 Air Transport News awards ceremony, İstanbul Atatürk Airport was named Airport of the Year.
- Also, the airport has been named Europe's Best Airport in the 40-50 million passenger per year category at the 2013 Skytrax World Airport Awards.
- This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.
- "Istanbul Atatürk Havalimanı" (in Turkish). Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- "Turkish Airlines to fully move to Istanbul New in late 4Q18". ch-aviation.com. 16 October 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-16.
- "LTBA – Istanbul / Atatürk / International". AIP Turkey. Ankara: DHMİ Genel Müdürlüğü. 5 January 2018. part AD 2 LTBA. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 June 2003. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
- "EAD Basic - Error Page". Retrieved 1 June 2015.
- aero.de - "Frankfurt offers the most destinations" 20 February 2017
- "'Full' Heathrow Extends European Hub Lead as Terror Hurts Rivals". Bloomberg Business. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
- "Terminal Map".
- "General Aviation Terminal".
- "Cargo Terminal".
- "İGA - About the Construction". İGA Airport. Archived from the original on February 19, 2018. Retrieved February 19, 2018.
- "İstanbul'a yapılacak 3. havalimanının haritası ortaya çıktı". T24. 29 October 2012. Retrieved 30 October 2012. English translation
- "Third Istanbul airport a step closer" rightmove overseas, 17 August 2012. Retrieved: 23 September 2012
- "Third airport a must to ease air traffic in İstanbul" Archived 4 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Sunday's Zaman, 29 April 2012. Retrieved: 4 August 2012.
- "New Istanbul airport capacity will power Turkish Airlines growth" Retrieved: 9 November 2012
- "Construction of new Istanbul airport officially starts under shadow of challenges, questions". 18 July 2015. Archived from the original on 2 August 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
- "THY chairman: İstanbul Atatürk Airport to close down". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
- "Istanbul's Atatürk Airport to be closed after opening of new airport, THY says - LOCAL". Retrieved 1 June 2015.
- "Transfer to Istanbul New Airport to take 48 hours". Daily Sabah. February 5, 2018. Archived from the original on February 19, 2018. Retrieved February 19, 2018.
- "Istanbul New Airport to affect entire European airspace". Daily Sabah. February 19, 2018. Archived from the original on February 19, 2018. Retrieved February 19, 2018.
- ataturkairport.com - Flight Info retrieved 1 November 2016
- Liu, Jim (3 August 2017). "AtlasGlobal adds Istanbul – Moscow service from Sep 2017". Routesonline. Retrieved 3 August 2017.
- AtlasGlobal. "Online Flight Ticket and Booking - Atlasglobal EN". AtlasGlobal. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
- "AtlasGlobal Ukraine adds Istanbul – Odessa from Nov 2018". routesonline.com. 5 September 2018. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
- 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "China Southern resumes Istanbul service from late-Dec 2018".
- "گالری". Iat.aero. Retrieved 2018-09-02.
- JOON S18 expansion as of 12DEC17 Routesonline. 13 December 2017.
- Oman Air plans new destiantions in S18 Routesonline. 9 February 2018.
- 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Pobeda schedules Istanbul launch in Dec 2017".
- Liu, Jim (20 June 2018). "SCAT adds Shymkent – Istanbul service from June 2018". Routesonline. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
- Liu, Jim (5 June 2018). "Turkish Airlines expands Almaty capacity from June 2018". Routesonline. Retrieved 5 June 2018.
- "Timetable". turkishairlines.com. 16 October 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-16.
- 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Turkish Airlines adds Banjul from late-Nov 2018".
- Turkish Airlines adds Freetown service from Feb 2018 Routesonline. 8 November 2017.
- Liu, Jim (9 October 2017). "Turkish Airlines plans Samarkand launch in March 2018". Routesonline. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
- "Turkish Airlines adds seasonal Comoros service in S18". Routesonline. Retrieved 6 February 2018.
- Liu, Jim (3 October 2017). "Uzbekistan adds Samarkand – Istanbul service in W17". Routesonline. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
- KirubelS. "Cargo Schedule - Ethiopian Airlines". www.EthiopianAirlines.com. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
- 2017, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Turkish Cargo adds 7 destinations in Jan 2018". Retrieved 29 March 2018.
- 2016, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Turkish Airlines Cargo adds new destinations in W16". Retrieved 25 December 2016.
- "Turkish Cargo freighter to Sao Paulo". Air Cargo News. Archived from the original on 29 August 2017. Retrieved 10 November 2017.
- "EX-YU airports see cargo traffic potential". EX-Yu Aviation News. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
- "Devlet Hava Meydanları İşletmesi Genel Müdürlüğü". Dhmi.gov.tr. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
- "Year to date Passenger Traffic". Retrieved 4 August 2017.
- "2016 Annual Airport Traffic Report" (PDF). Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. 28 April 2017. Retrieved 10 May 2017.
- DHMİ Genel Müdürlüğü. "Devlet Hava Meydanları İşletmesi Genel Müdürlüğü".
- "Year to date Passenger Traffic". Retrieved 11 October 2016.
- "Year to date Passenger Traffic". Retrieved 11 October 2016.
- "Year to 2014 dec. passenger". dhmi. 21 December 2014. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
- "Year to date Passenger Traffic".
- "Year to date". Aci.aero. 24 April 2013. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "Year to date". Aci.aero. 24 April 2013. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "ACI Europe 2007 Final Rankings". ACI-Europe.org. Retrieved 30 September 2017.[permanent dead link]
- "Airports Council International". 1 January 2009. Archived from the original on 2009-01-01.
- "Atatürk Airport first in flight delays, second in cancellations in Europe". Today's Zaman. 24 April 2012. Archived from the original on 14 August 2015. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
- "Contact Us." Turkish Airlines. Retrieved on 26 June 2010.
- "Map." Turkish Airlines. Retrieved on 26 June 2010. Archived 11 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Communication." Onur Air. Retrieved 8 June 2014. Map. "Head Office Atatürk Havalimanı B Kapısı Teknik Hangar Yanı 34149 Yeşilköy/İSTANBUL/TÜRKİYE"
- "Communication[permanent dead link]." Onur Air. Retrieved 8 June 2014. . "Head Office YESILKOY MAH. HAVAALANI CAD. ATATURK HAVALIMANI NO:2/12-1 ZIP: 34149 BAKIRKOY / ISTANBUL"
- "METRO İSTANBUL". www.istanbul-ulasim.com.tr.
- "Havaş". Retrieved 1 June 2015.
- "İETT". IETT.gov.tr. Archived from the original on 27 January 2008. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
- "Aircraft accident Fokker F-28 Fellowship 1000 TC-JAP Istanbul-Yeşilköy Airport (IST) [Marmara Sea]". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
- Hradecky, Simon. "Accident: THY A320 at Istanbul on Apr 25th 2015, hard landing, go-around, engine problem, gear problem, gear collapse, runway excursion". Aviation Herald. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
- "Istanbul Ataturk airport attack: 41 dead and more than 230 hurt - BBC News". Retrieved 30 June 2016.
- Sabrina Tavernise; Ceylan Yeginsu (28 June 2016). "Attack at Istanbul Airport Leaves at Least 31 Dead". New York Times. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- "Blast and gunfire 'at Istanbul airport'". BBC News. Retrieved 28 June 2016.
- "50 yılda 50 eser - HHPortal". Retrieved 1 June 2015.
- "Air Transport News". Atn.aero. 18 March 2013. Archived from the original on 22 March 2013. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "World's Best Airports by Passenger Numbers | 2013". Worldairportawards.com. Archived from the original on 23 April 2013. Retrieved 29 April 2013.