Istanbul Atatürk Airport

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Istanbul Atatürk Airport
İstanbul Atatürk Havalimanı
Tavlairportsogo.png
Ataturk Airport Karakas-1.jpg
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner General Directorate of State Airports (DHMİ)
Operator TAV Airports
Serves Istanbul, Turkey
Location Yeşilköy, Bakırköy, Turkey
Opened 1912 (as airfield)
1953 (as airport)[1]
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 163 ft / 50 m
Coordinates 40°58′34″N 028°48′51″E / 40.97611°N 28.81417°E / 40.97611; 28.81417Coordinates: 40°58′34″N 028°48′51″E / 40.97611°N 28.81417°E / 40.97611; 28.81417
Website ataturkairport.com
Map
IST is located in Istanbul
IST
IST
Location within Istanbul
IST is located in Turkey
IST
IST
IST (Turkey)
IST is located in Europe
IST
IST
IST (Europe)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
17L/35R 3,000 9,843 Concrete
17R/35L 3,000 9,843 Concrete
05/23 2,580 8,465 Grooved Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Total passengers 63,727,448
International passengers 44,277,101

Istanbul Atatürk Airport (IATA: IST, ICAO: LTBA) (Turkish: İstanbul Atatürk Havalimanı) is the main international airport serving Istanbul, and the biggest airport in Turkey by total number of passengers, destinations served and aircraft movements. First opened in 1912 in Yeşilköy as a military airfield, on the European side of the city, it is located 24 km (15 mi) west[3] of the city centre and serves as the main hub for Turkish Airlines. The city's other, smaller, international airport is Sabiha Gökçen International Airport. As of February 2017, 273 non-stop destinations are served from Istanbul-Atatürk, making it the airport with the second-most non-stop destinations worldwide after Frankfurt Airport.[4]

The airport was originally named Yeşilköy Airport. In the 1980s, it was renamed Istanbul Atatürk International Airport in honour of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder and first president of the Republic of Turkey. It served more than 60 million passengers in 2015, making it the 11th-busiest airport in the world in terms of total passenger traffic and the 10th-busiest in the world in terms of international passenger traffic. As of 2017, it is Europe's 5th-busiest airport after London Heathrow, Paris Charles de Gaulle, Frankfurt Airport and Amsterdam Schiphol Airport, having fallen from third place after a decline in passengers due to security fears.[5]

Facilities[edit]

Terminals[edit]

Istanbul Atatürk Airport features two main passenger terminals which are interconnected to each other:[6]

Domestic Terminal[edit]

Domestic Terminal is the older and smaller of the two terminals and exclusively handles domestic flights within Turkey. Until the opening of the International Terminal, it used to be the airport's international terminal. Domestic Terminal features its own check-in and airside facilities on the upper floor that lead to twelve departure gates (101-112) which are equipped with jet bridges.[6] On the ground level there are five baggage reclaim belts as well as a curbside independent from the International Terminal.[6]

International Terminal[edit]

The International Terminal was inaugurated in 2000 and is used for all international flights. It features a large main hall containing eight check-in isles and a wide range of airside facilities such as shops and restaurants. The departures area consists of 27 gates (201-226) which are all equipped with jetbridges as well as several bus-boarding stands. The arrivals floor below is equipped with 11 baggage reclaim belts.[6] The International Terminal is able to handle widebody aircraft such as Turkish Airlines' Boeing 777-300ERs.

There is also an additional terminal for general aviation to the northwest of the main areas[7] as well as a dedicated cargo terminal including sections for radioactive and refrigerated freight.[8]

Replacement[edit]

Planned as the largest airport in the world[9], Istanbul New Airport, a new third airport is under construction in order to meet Istanbul's growing domestic and international air traffic demand as a source, destination and transit point. A site in the European part on the coast of the Black Sea has been chosen[10][11][12][13] and construction started in May 2015.[14] The first phase of the new airport is projected to be completed on October 29, 2018, with first flights starting the following day. At opening, it will consist of two runways and the main terminal building, with an initial annual capacity of 90 million passengers. After its opening, Atatürk Airport will be closed to scheduled passenger air traffic.[15][16][17] Its IST IATA airport code will be inherited by Istanbul New Airport and Atatürk Airport will be assigned the code ISL once the transfer of scheduled passenger activities to the new airport is complete.[18]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Istanbul Atatürk Airport:[19]

General layout of the airport
The current domestic terminal in the 1980s - at the time, it was both the international and domestic terminal
Apron overview
International Terminal
Apron in front of the International Terminal
Runways 35L and 35R in 2004
Turkish Airlines maintains its hub at Istanbul Atatürk Airport
AtlasGlobal is another major operator at Istanbul Atatürk Airport
Airlines Destinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Afriqiyah Airways Bayda, Tripoli–Mitiga
Air Algérie Algiers, Annaba, Constantine, Oran
Air Astana Aktau, Almaty, Astana, Atyrau
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Moldova Chișinău
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
ATA Airlines Tabriz, Tehran–Imam Khomeini
AtlasGlobal Adana, Aktau, Amsterdam, Antalya, Astana, Baghdad, Belgrade, Beirut, Bodrum, Chișinău, Copenhagen, Düsseldorf, Erbil, Ercan, Gaziantep, Hamburg, İzmir, Jeddah, Karagandy, Kayseri, Konya, Krasnodar, Kuwait, London–Stansted, Makhachkala, Medina, Moscow–Sheremetyevo,[20] Najaf, Nizhnekamsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Samara, Sarajevo, Sharjah, Shymkent, Stockholm–Arlanda, Sulaymaniyah, Tbilisi, Tehran–Imam Khomeini, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion,[21] Trabzon, Tyumen, Volgograd, Yerevan, Zürich
Seasonal: Dalaman, Mykonos, Pristina
Atlantis European Airways Seasonal charter: Yerevan
AtlasGlobal Ukraine Kharkiv, Lviv, Zaporizhia
Azerbaijan Airlines Baku
Belavia Minsk
British Airways London–Heathrow
Buraq Air Tripoli–Mitiga
EgyptAir Cairo
Emirates Dubai–International
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa (begins 15 November 2018)[22]
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Ghadames Air Transport Tripoli–Mitiga
Gulf Air Bahrain
Iran Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Iran Airtour Tabriz[23]
Iran Aseman Airlines Tehran–Imam Khomeini, Urmia
Iraqi Airways Baghdad, Basra, Erbil, Sulaimaniyah
Jazeera Airways Kuwait
Joon Paris–Charles de Gaulle[24]
Kam Air Kabul
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Kuwait Airways Kuwait
Libyan Airlines Bayda, Tripoli–Mitiga, Tripoli
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Seasonal: Munich
Mahan Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Meraj Airlines Tehran–Imam Khomeini, Mashhad
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Oman Air Muscat[25]
Onur Air Adana, Amsterdam, Antalya, Berlin–Tegel, Bodrum, Chelyabinsk, Çanakkale, Dalaman, Diyarbakır, Düsseldorf, Elazığ, Erzurum, Gaziantep, Grozny, Isfahan, İzmir, Malatya, Nalchik, Moscow–Zhukovsky, Odessa, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Rostov-on-Don-Platov,[26] Samara, Samsun, Trabzon, Volgograd
Seasonal: Frankfurt, Gazipaşa, Munich, Ohrid,[27] Stuttgart, Vienna
Pegasus Airlines İzmir, Barcelona
Pobeda Moscow–Vnukovo[28]
Qatar Airways Doha
Qeshm Airlines Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Rossiya Airlines St Petersburg
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia
Saudia Dammam, Jeddah, Madinah, Riyadh
SCAT Airlines Aktau
Singapore Airlines Singapore
Somon Air Dushanbe
Taban Air Isfahan, Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Tajik Air Dushanbe
TAROM Bucharest
Tunisair Tunis
Turkish Airlines Abidjan, Abu Dhabi, Abuja, Accra, Adana, Addis Ababa, Adıyaman, Ağrı, Ahvaz, Banjul (begins 26 November 2018)[29], Alexandria, Algiers, Almaty,[30] Amman, Amsterdam, Ankara, Antalya, Antananarivo, Aqaba, Ashgabat, Asmara, Astana, Astrakhan, Athens, Atlanta, Baghdad, Bahrain, Baku, Bamako, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Bari, Basel/Mulhouse, Basra, Batman, Batumi, Beijing–Capital, Beirut, Belgrade, Berlin–Tegel, Bilbao, Billund, Bingöl, Birmingham, Bishkek, Bodrum, Bogotá, Bologna, Boston, Bremen, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Cairo, Cape Town, Caracas, Casablanca, Catania, Chicago–O'Hare, Chișinău, Cluj-Napoca, Cologne/Bonn, Colombo, Conakry, Constanța, Constantine, Copenhagen, Cotonou, Dakar–Diass, Dalaman, Dammam, Dar es Salaam, Delhi, Denizli, Dhaka, Diyarbakir, Djibouti, Doha, Douala, Dubai–International, Dublin, Dubrovnik, Durban, Dushanbe, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh, Edremit, Elazığ, Entebbe/Kampala, Erbil, Ercan, Erzincan, Erzurum, Frankfurt, Freetown–Lungi,[31] Ganja, Gaziantep, Gazipaşa, Geneva, Gothenburg, Graz, Guangzhou, Hakkari, Hamburg, Hannover, Hanoi, Hatay, Havana, Helsinki, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Houston–Intercontinental, Hurghada, Iğdır, Isfahan, Islamabad, İzmir, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Jeddah, Johannesburg–O. R. Tambo, Kabul, Kahramanmaraş, Karachi, Kars, Kastamonu, Kathmandu, Kayseri, Kazan, Kharkiv, Khartoum, Kherson, Kiev–Boryspil, Kigali, Kilimanjaro, Kinshasa–N'djili, Konya, Košice, Krasnodar, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kuwait, Kütahya, Lagos, Lahore, Leipzig/Halle, Libreville, Lisbon, Ljubljana, London–Gatwick, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Luxembourg, Lviv, Lyon, Madrid, Mahé, Málaga, Malatya, Malé, Malta, Manchester, Manila, Maputo, Mardin, Marseille, Mashhad, Mauritius, Mazar-i-Sharif, Medina, Merzifon, Milan–Malpensa, Miami, Minsk, Mogadishu, Mombasa, Montréal–Trudeau, Moscow–Vnukovo, Mumbai, Munich, Muscat, Muş, N'Djamena, Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta, Najaf, Nakhchivan, Naples, Nevşehir, New York–JFK, Niamey, Nice, Nouakchott, Nuremberg, Odessa, Oran, Ordu-Giresun, Oslo–Gardermoen, Ouagadougou, Panama City–Tocumen, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Phuket, Podgorica, Porto, Prague, Pristina, Riga, Riyadh, Rome–Fiumicino,[32] Rostov-on-Don-Platov,[33] Saint Petersburg, Salzburg, Samarkand,[34] Samsun, San Francisco, Samara, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Sarajevo, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Sharm el-Sheikh, Shiraz, Singapore, Sinop, Sivas, Skopje, Sochi, Sofia, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart, Sulaymaniyah, Şanlıurfa, Şırnak, Tabriz, Ta'if, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tallinn, Tashkent, Tbilisi, Tehran–Imam Khomeini, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Thessaloniki, Tirana, Tokyo–Narita, Toronto–Pearson, Toulouse, Trabzon, Tunis, Ufa, Ulan Bator, Valencia, Van, Varna, Venice, Vienna, Vilnius, Voronezh, Warsaw–Chopin, Washington–Dulles, Yanbu, Yaoundé, Yekaterinburg, Zagreb, Zanzibar, Zaporizhia, Zürich
Seasonal: Bordeaux, Friedrichshafen, Gassim,[35] Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Moroni (begins 16 June 2018),[36] Pisa
Turkmenistan Airlines Ashgabat, Turkmenbashi
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev–Boryspil, Odessa
Uzbekistan Airways Samarkand,[37] Tashkent
Zagros Airlines Mashhad, Tehran–Imam Khomeini

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air Algérie Cargo Algiers
Air France Cargo Paris–Charles de Gaulle
ASL Airlines Belgium Liège
DHL Aviation Leipzig/Halle
EgyptAir Cargo Cairo
Ethiopian Airlines Cargo Addis Ababa, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion[38]
FedEx Express Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Hong Kong Airlines Almaty, Hong Kong, New Delhi
Iran Air Cargo Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt, Moscow-Domodedovo
MNG Airlines Almaty, Cologne/Bonn, Hahn, London–Luton, Munich, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Tehran–Imam Khomeini, Tripoli-Mitiga
MyCargo Airlines Bahrain, Hong Kong, Lahore, New York–JFK, Singapore, Tallinn
Royal Jordanian Cargo Amman
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha
Silk Way Airlines Baku
Turkish Airlines Cargo Accra, Aguadilla,[39] Algiers, Almaty, Amman, Amsterdam, Ashgabat, Astana, Atlanta, Baghdad,[40] Baku, Bangkok, Beirut, Belgrade, Bishkek, Bogotá,[39] Budapest, Cairo, Casablanca, Chennai, Chicago, Colombo, Dakar–Senghor,[41] Delhi, Dhaka, Doha, Dubai–Al Maktoum, Entebbe, Erbil, Frankfurt, Guangzhou, Hanoi, Helsinki, Hong Kong, Houston–Intercontinental,[39] Hyderabad, Islamabad, Kano,[39] Karachi, Khartoum, Kiev, Kinshasa, Lagos, London–Stansted, Maastricht/Aachen, Madrid, Milan–Malpensa, Miami,[39] Minsk, Mumbai, Nairobi, Niš,[42] New York–JFK, São Paulo–Guarulhos,[41] Sarajevo, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Shannon, Stockholm, Taipei–Taoyuan,[39] Tashkent, Tbilisi, Tehran–Imam Khomeini, Tel Aviv, Toronto–Pearson,[39] Tunis, Tuzla, Vienna, Zürich
ULS Airlines Cargo Barcelona, Beijing–Capital, Hong Kong, Kiev–Boryspil, Manila, Manston, Shanghai–Pudong
UPS Airlines Algiers, Cologne/Bonn, Newark, Shenzhen
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent

Statistics[edit]

Istanbul Atatürk Airport shares traffic with Sabiha Gökçen International Airport, which is on the Anatolian (Asian) side of Istanbul, which had annual passenger traffic of 11.1 million in 2010 rising to 28m in 2015.

Below is the passenger data and development for Istanbul Atatürk Airport (only) for the years 2002–2017:[43]

Passenger statistics at Atatürk Int'l Airport[43]
Year
Domestic
passengers
Passenger
% change
International
passenger
Passenger
% change
Total
passenger
Passenger
% change
World rank
international
World rank
total
2017[44] 19,450,347 Increase2 44,277,101 Increase7 63,727,448 Increase5
2016 19,099,874 Decrease1 41,019,341 Decrease2 60,119,215 Decrease2 11th[45] 14th[46]
2015[47] 19,375,402 Increase4 41,947,327 Increase10 61,322,729 Increase8 10th[48] 11th[49]
2014 18,754,002 Increase9 38,200,788 Increase12 56,954,790[50] Increase11 9th 13th[51]
2013 17,224,105 Increase13 34,096,770 Increase14 51,320,875 Increase14 10th 18th
2012 15,281,321 Increase14 29,717,196 Increase24 44,998,508 Increase20 13th[52] 21st[53]
2011 13,604,352 Increase15 23,847,835 Increase17 37,452,187 Increase17 17th 28th
2010 11,800,999 Increase3 20,344,620 Increase11 32,145,619 Increase8 19th 37th
2009 11,393,645 Decrease1 18,363,739 Increase8 29,757,384 Increase4 Steady Steady
2008 11,484,063 Increase20 17,069,069 Increase26 28,553,132 Increase23 Steady Steady
2007 9,595,923 Increase6 13,600,306 Increase12 23,196,229 Increase9 Steady Steady
2006 9,091,693 Increase21 12,174,281 Increase3 21,265,974 Increase10 Steady Steady
2005 7,512,282 Increase39 11,781,487 Increase16 19,293,769 Increase24 Steady Steady
2004 5,430,925 Increase70 10,169,676 Increase14 15,600,601 Increase29 Steady Steady
2003 3,196,045 Increase12 8,908,268 Increase5 12,104,342 Increase7 Steady Steady
2002 2,851,487 Steady 8,506,204 Steady 11,357,691 Steady Steady Steady

IST ranked 17th in ACI statistics at the end of 2011 in terms of international traffic with almost 24 million international passengers. It ranked 29th in the world in terms of total passenger traffic with over 37.4 million passengers in 2011. Its total traffic within the last decade more than tripled, and its international traffic quadrupled.[54][55]

According to data from FlightStats in 2012, the Atatürk Airport had the most flight delays in Europe, and was ranked second in flight cancellations.[56]

Other facilities[edit]

  • Turkish Airlines has its headquarters in the Turkish Airlines General Management Building, located within the airport campus.[57][58]
  • Onur Air has its headquarters in Technical Hangar B.[59]
  • Prima Aviation Services Inc. has its MRO Facilities in new technical site at the air side Gate A.[60]

Ground transport[edit]

There are several ways to travel between Atatürk International Airport and the city center.

Rail[edit]

Subway Service: Metro service on the Istanbul Metro line M1A exists between Yenikapı and Atatürk International Airport Metro Station. The line goes through some major parts of the European side of the city, including the intercity bus terminal.[61]

Bus and coach[edit]

The shuttle services are operated by Havataş, which is one of the major ground handling companies within Turkey. The buses run half-hourly to Bakırköy, Yenikapı, Aksaray, Taksim Square.[62] Municipal buses also run to Taksim, Etiler and Kozyatağı.[63]

Car[edit]

The airport is accessible through the coastal road, D-100 international road and TEM (Trans-European Motorway).

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 30 January 1975, Turkish Airlines Flight 345, crashed into the Sea of Marmara during its final approach to the airport. All 42 passengers and crew on board were killed.[64]
  • On 25 April 2015, Turkish Airlines Flight 1878, operated by A320-200, TC-JPE was severely damaged in a landing accident. The aircraft aborted the first hard landing, which inflicted engine and gear damage. On the second attempt at landing, the right gear collapsed and the aircraft rolled off the runway spinning 180 degrees. All on board evacuated without injury.[65]
  • On 28 June 2016, three terrorists killed 44 civilians by gunfire and subsequent suicide bombings, along with 239 civilians injured.[66][67] The three men arrived in a taxi cab, and began opening fire at a terminal. The three men blew themselves up when police began opening fire. The airport has X-ray scanners at the entrance to the terminal but security checks for cars are limited.[66][68]

Accolades[edit]

  • The Turkish Chamber of Civil Engineers lists Atatürk International Airport as one of the fifty civil engineering feats in Turkey, a list of remarkable engineering projects completed in the first 50 years of the chamber's existence.[69]
  • In the 2013 Air Transport News awards ceremony, İstanbul Atatürk Airport was named Airport of the Year.[70]
  • Also, the airport has been named Europe's Best Airport in the 40-50 million passenger per year category at the 2013 Skytrax World Airport Awards.[71]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Istanbul Atatürk Havalimanı" (in Turkish). Retrieved 7 April 2018. 
  2. ^ "LTBA – Istanbul / Atatürk / International". AIP Turkey. Ankara: DHMİ Genel Müdürlüğü. 5 January 2018. part AD 2 LTBA. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 June 2003. Retrieved 4 August 2012. 
  3. ^ "EAD Basic - Error Page". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  4. ^ aero.de - "Frankfurt offers the most destinations" 20 February 2017
  5. ^ "'Full' Heathrow Extends European Hub Lead as Terror Hurts Rivals". Bloomberg Business. Retrieved 15 January 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Terminal Map". 
  7. ^ "General Aviation Terminal". 
  8. ^ "Cargo Terminal". 
  9. ^ "İGA - About the Construction". İGA Airport. Archived from the original on February 19, 2018. Retrieved February 19, 2018. 
  10. ^ "İstanbul'a yapılacak 3. havalimanının haritası ortaya çıktı". T24. 29 October 2012. Retrieved 30 October 2012.  English translation
  11. ^ "Third Istanbul airport a step closer" rightmove overseas, 17 August 2012. Retrieved: 23 September 2012
  12. ^ "Third airport a must to ease air traffic in İstanbul" Archived 4 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Sunday's Zaman, 29 April 2012. Retrieved: 4 August 2012.
  13. ^ "New Istanbul airport capacity will power Turkish Airlines growth" Retrieved: 9 November 2012
  14. ^ "Construction of new Istanbul airport officially starts under shadow of challenges, questions". 18 July 2015. Archived from the original on 2 August 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015. 
  15. ^ "THY chairman: İstanbul Atatürk Airport to close down". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  16. ^ "Istanbul's Atatürk Airport to be closed after opening of new airport, THY says - LOCAL". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  17. ^ "Transfer to Istanbul New Airport to take 48 hours". Daily Sabah. February 5, 2018. Archived from the original on February 19, 2018. Retrieved February 19, 2018. 
  18. ^ "Istanbul New Airport to affect entire European airspace". Daily Sabah. February 19, 2018. Archived from the original on February 19, 2018. Retrieved February 19, 2018. 
  19. ^ ataturkairport.com - Flight Info retrieved 1 November 2016
  20. ^ Liu, Jim (3 August 2017). "AtlasGlobal adds Istanbul – Moscow service from Sep 2017". Routesonline. Retrieved 3 August 2017. 
  21. ^ AtlasGlobal. "Online Flight Ticket and Booking - Atlasglobal EN". AtlasGlobal. Retrieved 30 September 2017. 
  22. ^ Ethiopian adds Istanbul; Resumes Moscow from Nov 2018 Routesonline. 3 June 2018.
  23. ^ http://www.iat.aero/photogallery.asp?gallery=4
  24. ^ JOON S18 expansion as of 12DEC17 Routesonline. 13 December 2017.
  25. ^ Oman Air plans new destiantions in S18 Routesonline. 9 February 2018.
  26. ^ Liu, Jim (17 November 2017). "Onur Air adds Istanbul – Rostov service in 1Q18". Routesonline. Retrieved 17 November 2017. 
  27. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/277752/onur-air-adds-gazipasa-ohrid-service-in-april-2018/
  28. ^ Pobeda begin new service to Istanbul from December 2017
  29. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/278863/turkish-airlines-adds-banjul-from-late-nov-2018/?utm_medium=email&utm_source=airlineroute&utm_campaign=airlineroute&utm_content=airlineroute-20180530
  30. ^ Liu, Jim (5 June 2018). "Turkish Airlines expands Almaty capacity from June 2018". Routesonline. Retrieved 5 June 2018. 
  31. ^ Turkish Airlines adds Freetown service from Feb 2018 Routesonline. 8 November 2017.
  32. ^ http://rnd-airport.ru/flight_timetable
  33. ^ http://platov.aero/raspisanie_reysov
  34. ^ Liu, Jim (9 October 2017). "Turkish Airlines plans Samarkand launch in March 2018". Routesonline. Retrieved 9 October 2017. 
  35. ^ 2017, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Turkish Airlines W17 Saudi Arabia / Eritrea changes as of 30AUG17". RoutesOnline.com. Retrieved 30 September 2017. 
  36. ^ Turkish Airlines adds seasonal Comoros service in S18 Routesonline. 6 February 2018.
  37. ^ Liu, Jim (3 October 2017). "Uzbekistan adds Samarkand – Istanbul service in W17". Routesonline. Retrieved 3 October 2017. 
  38. ^ KirubelS. "Cargo Schedule - Ethiopian Airlines". www.EthiopianAirlines.com. Retrieved 30 September 2017. 
  39. ^ a b c d e f g 2017, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Turkish Cargo adds 7 destinations in Jan 2018". Retrieved 29 March 2018. 
  40. ^ 2016, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Turkish Airlines Cargo adds new destinations in W16". Retrieved 25 December 2016. 
  41. ^ a b "Turkish Cargo freighter to Sao Paulo". Air Cargo News. Archived from the original on 29 August 2017. Retrieved 10 November 2017. 
  42. ^ "EX-YU airports see cargo traffic potential". EX-Yu Aviation News. Retrieved 17 October 2016. 
  43. ^ a b "Devlet Hava Meydanları İşletmesi Genel Müdürlüğü". Dhmi.gov.tr. Retrieved 4 December 2017. 
  44. ^ http://www.dhmi.gov.tr/getBinaryFile.aspx?Type=13&dosyaID=3&IstatistikID=129
  45. ^ "Year to date Passenger Traffic". Retrieved 4 August 2017. 
  46. ^ "2016 Annual Airport Traffic Report" (PDF). Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. 28 April 2017. Retrieved 10 May 2017. 
  47. ^ DHMİ Genel Müdürlüğü. "Devlet Hava Meydanları İşletmesi Genel Müdürlüğü". 
  48. ^ "Year to date Passenger Traffic". Retrieved 11 October 2016. 
  49. ^ "Year to date Passenger Traffic". Retrieved 11 October 2016. 
  50. ^ "Year to 2014 dec. passenger". dhmi. 21 December 2014. Retrieved 21 December 2014. 
  51. ^ "Year to date Passenger Traffic". 
  52. ^ "Year to date". Aci.aero. 24 April 2013. Retrieved 29 April 2013. 
  53. ^ "Year to date". Aci.aero. 24 April 2013. Retrieved 29 April 2013. 
  54. ^ "ACI Europe 2007 Final Rankings". ACI-Europe.org. Retrieved 30 September 2017. [permanent dead link]
  55. ^ ACI International Passenger Traffic Monthly Ranking
  56. ^ "Atatürk Airport first in flight delays, second in cancellations in Europe". Today's Zaman. 24 April 2012. 
  57. ^ "Contact Us." Turkish Airlines. Retrieved on 26 June 2010.
  58. ^ "Map." Turkish Airlines. Retrieved on 26 June 2010. Archived 11 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  59. ^ "Communication." Onur Air. Retrieved 8 June 2014. Map. "Head Office Atatürk Havalimanı B Kapısı Teknik Hangar Yanı 34149 Yeşilköy/İSTANBUL/TÜRKİYE"
  60. ^ "Communication[permanent dead link]." Onur Air. Retrieved 8 June 2014. [1]. "Head Office YESILKOY MAH. HAVAALANI CAD. ATATURK HAVALIMANI NO:2/12-1 ZIP: 34149 BAKIRKOY / ISTANBUL"
  61. ^ Hafif raylı sistem
  62. ^ "Havaş". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  63. ^ "İETT". IETT.gov.tr. Archived from the original on 27 January 2008. Retrieved 30 September 2017. 
  64. ^ "Aircraft accident Fokker F-28 Fellowship 1000 TC-JAP Istanbul-Yeşilköy Airport (IST) [Marmara Sea]". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 31 July 2012. 
  65. ^ Hradecky, Simon. "Accident: THY A320 at Istanbul on Apr 25th 2015, hard landing, go-around, engine problem, gear problem, gear collapse, runway excursion". Aviation Herald. Retrieved 25 April 2015. 
  66. ^ a b "Istanbul Ataturk airport attack: 41 dead and more than 230 hurt - BBC News". Retrieved 30 June 2016. 
  67. ^ Sabrina Tavernise; Ceylan Yeginsu (28 June 2016). "Attack at Istanbul Airport Leaves at Least 31 Dead". New York Times. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  68. ^ "Blast and gunfire 'at Istanbul airport'". BBC News. Retrieved 28 June 2016. 
  69. ^ "50 yılda 50 eser - HHPortal". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  70. ^ "Air Transport News". Atn.aero. 18 March 2013. Retrieved 29 April 2013. 
  71. ^ "World's Best Airports by Passenger Numbers | 2013". Worldairportawards.com. Archived from the original on 23 April 2013. Retrieved 29 April 2013. 

External links[edit]

Istanbul Atatürk Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage
Media related to Istanbul Atatürk Airport at Wikimedia Commons