Grand Post Office
|Istanbul Main Post Office|
|Büyük Postane (Grand Post Office)|
Istanbul Main Post Office
|Alternative names||Sirkeci PTT Merkezi (Sirkeci Post Office)|
|Architectural style||Turkish Neoclassical|
|Address||Büyük Postane Cad. 25|
|Town or city||Istanbul|
|Floor area||(3,200 m2 (34,000 sq ft))|
|Design and construction|
|Main contractor||Ottoman Government|
The Istanbul Grand Post Office, aka Istanbul Main Post Office, (Turkish: Büyük Postane) is an office building for postal services located at Sirkeci quarter of Fatih district in Istanbul, Turkey. It was designed by architect Vedat Tek in First Turkish National architectural style and was constructed between 1905 and 1909. The four-story building houses a post office, the Sirkeci Post Office (Turkish: Sirkeci PTT Merkezi), office space for regional administration and also since 2000 the Istanbul Postal Museum (Turkish: PTT İstanbul Müzesi). It is Turkey's largest post office building.
Initially planned for use as the building of Ministry of Post and Telegraph (Ottoman Turkish: Posta ve Telgraf Nezareti) in the Ottoman Empire, its construction began in 1905, and was completed in 1909. An inscription in Ottoman Turkish alphabet on the tiled panel above the main entrance denotes "Ministry of Post and Telegraph". The building was renamed "New Post Office" (Turkish: Yeni Postane) in the 1930s, some time after the establishment of the Turkish Republic, and then "Grand Post Office" (Turkish: Büyük Postane).
In the early years of the Republic, between 1927 and 1936, the building temporarily housed Istanbul Radio. From 1958 on, it was used solely for postal and telegraphy services. Today, the ground floor is the Sirkeci Post Office, the first floor is occupied by its directorate while the second and third floors are offices for the regional post directorate of Istanbul's European side.
On May 6, 2000, part of the building was converted into Istanbul Postal Museum occupying four stories. The museum informs visitors about the history of communication and telecommunication services in the country that officially began on October 23, 1840. The museum consists of four sections for post, telegraph, telephone and postage stamps.
The Main Post Office is situated in close distance to Spice Bazaar, New Mosque, Sirkeci Railway Terminal and Istanbul 4th Vakıf Han, which is a five-star hotel today. Architect Vedat Tek (1873–1942) designed the building as one of the earliest examples of First Turkish National architecture style.
The four-story building has a floor area of (3,200 m2 (34,000 sq ft)). The main entrance is elevated reachable by stairs in front of the building. The building is flanked by two turrets. The facade is of cut stone and marble. It is believed that the bricks were specially designed by Vedat Tek. 16th century style classical Ottoman decorative elements are predominant in the building's ornaments including its facade with two-color stone workmanship, tiled panels with Islamic geometric patterns and Kufic calligraphic scripts, sills with tiled panels as well as muqarnas in pillar heads and corbels.
The main entrance opens to a very large atrium in the center of the building. The three-story high, rectangle shaped hall is surrounded by office rooms at each floor. The atrium is topped by glass in mainly orange and blue colors.
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