Istanbul Sapphire

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Istanbul Sapphire
A view of the tower from Büyükdere Avenue
General information
LocationBüyükdere Avenue, Levent, Istanbul, Turkey
Coordinates41°5′6.28″N 29°0′21.96″E / 41.0850778°N 29.0061000°E / 41.0850778; 29.0061000Coordinates: 41°5′6.28″N 29°0′21.96″E / 41.0850778°N 29.0061000°E / 41.0850778; 29.0061000
Opening4 March 2011[1]
Antenna spire261 m (856 ft)
Roof238 m (781 ft)
Technical details
Floor count54 (above ground)
10 (below ground)
64 (total)
Floor area165,139 m2 (1,777,540 sq ft)[2]
Design and construction
ArchitectTabanlıoğlu Architects
DeveloperKiler GYO

Istanbul Sapphire, or Sapphire, is a skyscraper, and as of 2016, the tallest building in Istanbul and Turkey, located in the central business district of Levent. Istanbul Sapphire was the 4th tallest building in Europe when its construction was completed in 2010.[3] It is the country's first ecological skyscraper. Sapphire rises 54 floors above ground level, and has an above-ground roof height of 238 meters: the building has an overall structural height of 261 meters including its spire, which is part of the design and not a radio antenna.[3] Designed by Tabanlıoğlu Architects, it is a shopping and luxury residence mixed-use development managed by Kiler GYO.[3]

History and architecture[edit]

A view of Levent business district from the observation deck of Istanbul Sapphire
Elevator screen of Istanbul Sapphire

Istanbul Sapphire was designed by Tabanlıoğlu Architects as a high-tech structure which consists of 64 floors (54 above-ground and 10 basement floors), communal living floors, extensive parking spaces, a large shopping mall, and 47 floors for residential use.[3]

There are special floors with private gardens between every 3 floors, and every 9 floors are separated from each other by a communal living area or mechanical floors.[3] Design of the gardens are proposed with a number of alternatives and the consistency of garden maintenance is under the residence management company’s responsibility.

Sapphire is the first ecological building of Turkey, having two special glass shells which can take the outside air naturally by holes located at every 3 floors.[citation needed]

Turkey's deepest excavated construction pit[edit]

The foundation pit excavated for the project – 42.5 meters deep – is the deepest foundation pit excavated for any structure in Turkey.

Construction work[edit]

Construction of the project began in 2006 and was completed in 2010.[3] The building's official opening ceremony took place on 4 March 2011.[1]

The project is built on a land plot of 11,339 m2 and has an overall total construction area of 157,800 m2, which includes a 35,000 m2 shopping mall.


The companies involved in the development and construction of the project have included thus far:

  • Kiler GYO (investor and developer)
  • Güney Turizm (Mustafa Tatlıcı, owner of the plot)
  • Biskon Yapı (construction subsidiary of Kiler Holding and the project's main construction company)
  • Demsar İnşaat (project's sub-contractor for the structural construction of the skyscraper)
  • Tabanlıoğlu Architects (the project's architectural design firm)
  • Ruscheweyh Consult GmbH (consulting firm with expertise in wind loads on buildings and structures)


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Emlak Haberleri: "Istanbul Sapphire 4 Mart'ta açılıyor"
  2. ^ "Sapphire Tower". Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 14 November 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Emporis: Istanbul Sapphire

External links[edit]

Preceded by
İşbank Tower 1
Tallest Building in Istanbul
261 m
Succeeded by
Skyland Residence Tower
Preceded by
İşbank Tower 1
Tallest Building in Turkey
261 m
Succeeded by
Skyland Residence Tower