Istaravshan

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Istaravshan
Истаравшан
استروشن
Istaravshan is located in Tajikistan
Istaravshan
Istaravshan
Location in Tajikistan
Coordinates: 39°54′39″N 69°00′23″E / 39.91083°N 69.00639°E / 39.91083; 69.00639Coordinates: 39°54′39″N 69°00′23″E / 39.91083°N 69.00639°E / 39.91083; 69.00639
Country Tajikistan
RegionSughd Region
Elevation992 m (3,255 ft)
Population
 (2020)[2]
 • City273,500
 • Urban
65,600
Time zoneUTC+5
Official languages

Istaravshan (Tajik: Истаравшан; Persian: استروشن; Russian: Истаравшан) is a city in Sughd Province in Tajikistan. In 2000, the Tajik government changed the name of the city from earlier Uroteppa (Tajik: Ӯротеппа; Ura-Tyube, Russian: Ура-Тюбе).

The city lies in the northern foothills of the Turkistan mountain range, 78 kilometers southwest of Khujand, on the main road connecting Tajikistan's two largest cities, Khujand and Dushanbe. Bordered by Uzbekistan in the north and west, and Kyrgyzstan in the east, the territorial area of Istaravshan stretches 1,830 square kilometers, and with an administrative population of 273,500 people, the majority of its citizens (76%) live in the outlying countryside.[2]

Istaravshan is a city-museum, one of central Asia's oldest towns of commerce and crafts. 2002 saw the 2.500 anniversary of the city celebrated by Istaravshan. The city is one of three proposed locations of ancient Cyropolis built on the north-eastern outskirts of the Achaemenid Empire by the king Cyrus in the 6th century B.C.[4][unreliable source?]

Climate[edit]

Istaravshan has a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk). There is more rainfall in winter than in summer. The average annual temperature in Istaravshan is 12.2 °C (54.0 °F). About 485 mm (19.09 in) of precipitation falls annually.

Climate data for Istaravshan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3.2
(37.8)
5.3
(41.5)
11.2
(52.2)
18.9
(66.0)
24.5
(76.1)
30.2
(86.4)
32.8
(91.0)
31.4
(88.5)
26.7
(80.1)
19.1
(66.4)
11.2
(52.2)
5.4
(41.7)
18.3
(65.0)
Average low °C (°F) −5.0
(23.0)
−3.4
(25.9)
1.8
(35.2)
7.6
(45.7)
11.5
(52.7)
15.3
(59.5)
17.3
(63.1)
15.3
(59.5)
10.3
(50.5)
5.3
(41.5)
0.7
(33.3)
−2.5
(27.5)
6.2
(43.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 56
(2.2)
53
(2.1)
81
(3.2)
80
(3.1)
60
(2.4)
12
(0.5)
6
(0.2)
1
(0.0)
6
(0.2)
38
(1.5)
38
(1.5)
54
(2.1)
370
(14.6)
Source: climate-data.org

Subdivisions[edit]

Gourd from Istaravchan, Tajikistan, 10th century CE, National Museum of Tajikistan.
Vase with Kufic inscription al-Yumn (Felicity), 10-11th century CE, Istaravchan, Tajikistan, National Museum of Antiquities of Tajikistan (941-1442)

Before ca. 2018, Istaravshan was the seat of Istaravshan District, which covered the rural part of the present city of Istaravshan.[5] The city of Istaravshan covers Istaravshan proper and ten jamoats.[2] These are as follows:[6]

Jamoat Population (Jan. 2015)[6]
Chorbogh 16,488
Guli Surkh 42,582
Javkandak 10,200
Nijoni 10,350
Nofaroj 10,875
Poshkent 19,746
Qal'achai Kalon 15,433
Qalaibaland 9,820
Sabriston (Frunze) 16,822
Zarhalol 30,683

Istaravshan on stamps[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Climate of Vose'". Weatherbase.com. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
  2. ^ a b c "Population of the Republic of Tajikistan as of 1 January 2020" (PDF) (in Russian). Statistics office of Tajikistan. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
  3. ^ "КОНСТИТУЦИЯ РЕСПУБЛИКИ ТАДЖИКИСТАН". prokuratura.tj. Parliament of Tajikistan. Retrieved 9 January 2020.
  4. ^ "Istaravshan". Retrieved March 19, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ "Population of the Republic of Tajikistan as of 1 January 2015" (PDF) (in Russian). Statistics office of Tajikistan. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 July 2015. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
  6. ^ a b Jamoat-level basic indicators, United Nations Development Programme in Tajikistan, accessed 3 October 2020