List of isthmuses

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"Isthmus" redirects here. For other uses, see Isthmus (disambiguation).
The sandy isthmus or tombolo connecting North and South Bruny Island in Tasmania, Australia

An isthmus (pronunciation: /ˈɪsθməs/ or /ˈɪsməs/; plural: isthmuses; from Ancient Greek: ἰσθμός isthmos "neck") is a narrow piece of land connecting two larger areas across an expanse of water that otherwise separates them.[1] A tombolo is an isthmus that consists of a spit or bar.

Canals are often built across isthmuses, where they may be a particularly advantageous short cut for marine transport. The Panama Canal crosses the Isthmus of Panama, connecting the North Atlantic and Pacific Oceans; the Suez Canal connects the Mediterranean Sea and the Indian Ocean, cutting across the western side of an isthmus formed by the Sinai Peninsula. An example in the United Kingdom is the Crinan Canal, which crosses the isthmus between Loch Crinan and Loch Gilp, which connects the Kintyre peninsula with the rest of Scotland.

A strait is the sea counterpart of an isthmus.

Africa[edit]

Egypt[edit]

Americas[edit]

Argentina[edit]

Brazil[edit]

British Overseas Territories[edit]

Canada[edit]

Central America[edit]

Chile[edit]

French Overseas Collectivity[edit]

Mexico[edit]

United States[edit]

Venezuela[edit]

Asia[edit]

The Suez Canal goes across the western side of the Sinai Peninsula

Europe[edit]

Black Sea[edit]

Iceland[edit]

  • Isthmus between Gilsfjörður and Bitrufjörður, which connects the Westfjords peninsula to the mainland of Iceland

Ireland[edit]

Mediterranean Sea[edit]

Russia[edit]

United Kingdom and British islands[edit]

Oceania[edit]

Otago Peninsula is joined to the New Zealand South Island mainland by an isthmus at South Dunedin.

Australia[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Isthmus". Britannica.com. Retrieved 2013-09-22. 
  2. ^ "Geology of Paraná: Ilha do Mel" (PDF). Mineropar: Serviço Geológico de Paraná. Retrieved 13 April 2016. 
  3. ^ Кавказский перешеек // Энциклопедический словарь Брокгауза и Ефрона : в 86 т. (82 т. и 4 доп.). — СПб., 1890—1907.
  4. ^ Корейский перешеек // Большая советская энциклопедия : [в 30 т.] / гл. ред. А. М. Прохоров. — 3-е изд. — М. : Советская энциклопедия, 1969—1978.
  5. ^ "Coast to Coast Walkway". Auckland Council. Retrieved 19 December 2012.